Piaget’s cognitive development theory analyses the growth of children’s development for thinking and intellectual. In fact, American Psychological Association (2015) refers to cognitive development as the ‘The development of processes of knowing, including imagining, perceiving, reasoning, and problem solving’. This essay analyses Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. In addition to this, Piaget’s key concepts will be discussed which include; children and young people construct their own knowledge, individuals possess their own mental templates, equilibration and the stages of cognitive development that children and young people undertake will be investigated. Further to this, a critical reflection will be constructed
Write a three to five page APA formatted research paper: Compare Piaget’s use of concrete and formal operations and Maslow’s use of concrete and abstract thought are they similar? How are they different? Are there value judgments inherent in either view? How do these perceptions of concrete and abstract thinking match the mouse’s experience in the excerpt from The Sacred Tree?
This task will majorly focus on the lack of social and cognitive development of Genie and its connection with Piaget’s and Erickson’s human psychological development theories. As one of the most well- known feral children in the 20th century, the young girl Genie had been confined to a room, isolated and abused by her parents for over a decade before the rescue. Due to the severely abnormal development occurred in the childhood, Genie’s linguistic ability was nearly undeveloped, her limbs were not fully extended, her development was delayed from various perspectives.
Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist well recognised for his work in child development created a theory on the cognitive development in children which to this day still influences many educators, schools and communities. His theory explored the nature and development of human intelligence and in particular how children construct an understanding based on the world around them. Piaget’s theory is more commonly known as the “developmental stage theory” and he has distinguished nature of intelligence based on four stages in which children are assembled into based on age and ability. Additionally, Piaget believed that language, knowledge and understanding are all associated and acquired through cognitive development. This essay will explore the stages
Piaget, Vygotsky and Erikson are three developmental theorists whose works were driven by a passion for how knowledge develops in an individual. Each defined theories they used to describe their views of developmental acquisition. There are some similarities between each of the theorists, in addition to many differences between them. Each have played a role in the development of curriculum for educating children. While some teachers may be more prone to support one over the other, the knowledge of each theorist aids in a greater understanding of child development.
Cognitive Development can be explained as the emergence of thought processes beginning from infancy to childhood to adolescence to adulthood. The aim of this essay is to focus on Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development. Jean Piaget is a Swiss developmental psychologist who is known for his epistemological studies. On the other hand, Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky, a Soviet psychologist best known for his theory known as the Cultural-Historical theory. Both Vygotsky and Piaget were particularly interested in Cognitive Development in children.
Piaget’s theory is a comprehensive theory about how children’s brain develops. His theory includes Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational and Formal Operational stages. The Sensorimotor stage occurs between 0-2 infancy, ages when the child begins to interact with the environment (Berk, 2014). The Preoperational stage happens between ages 2-7 in early childhood is when children begin to think more reasonably (Berk, 2014) and begin to put objects into words. An example of this would be children playing make believe. The next stage is Concrete Operational which is between age 7-11 middle childhood where kids think more logically (Berk, 2014). The final stage of Piaget’s theory is Formal Operational is age 11 and up is when their reasoning
The theory dictates that people must reach each level of need to go to the next one. The first level is physiological needs, or the basic needs of survival such as, food, water, air, and shelter. The second level is safety and security of several forms. So, theoretically humans would need food and water before they could feel any level of security. Additionally, the third level is the feeling of belongingness and love that humans desire. Those who are missing this level could fall victim to several dangerous behaviors. Next, the fourth level focuses on esteem and having other people’s respect. Finally, the last level is self-actualization (Taormina & Gao 156). Self-actualization refers to fulfilling ones goals and improving oneself to reach a point of happiness (Textbook 44). Thus, the main ideas of Maslow’s theory are commonly placed into a pyramid to represent the reaching of each
The famous Swiss developmental psychologist, Jean Piaget in his theory also become our main source of theory to study about child development and changed the way we think about how children develop. His theory was important because he saw children as an active participants in their own learning. Between the four stages that have been stated in this Piaget theory, it is important to know which are the main stage that playing a crucial role because from there we know which one is shaping the most of development of a child.
Maslow's Hierarchy is a five tier model of the basic human needs. Maslow thought that people were motivated to achieve certain needs, and that some needs were more important than others. The five tier model can be divided into two separate categories, Growth needs: Transcendence, self actualization, aesthetic needs, cognitive needs, and Deficiency needs: esteem needs, love and belonging needs, safety needs, physiological needs. Maslow believed that individuals must lower their deficit needs, before moving n to the higher level growth needs. This paper will describe that five tier model, and it will give an in depth analysis on what types of characteristics that are commonly found in the people who achieve those needs.
The concept of Learning as a process of Cognitive Development, has intrigued Psychologists for many years. Learning, as defined by Schacter, Gilbert & Wegner (2011) is “the acquisition of new knowledge, skills or responses from experience that result in a relatively permanent change in the state of the learner”. Jean Piaget, a Swiss-born Psychologist, was one who was particularly interested in how children perceive their environment. So engrossed was he by this process, that Piaget used his own children as scientific models in his experiments, in establishing his theory of Cognitive Development. After analyzing the behaviors of his children in their early development, Piaget concluded that there are four main stages of human cognitive maturation:- The Sensorimotor Stage, the Preoperational Stage, the Concrete Operational Stage and the Formal Operational Stage. This essay seeks to outline and examine Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory, and to illustrate how this theory can influence the learning and teacher pedagogy in classes within the Caribbean region.
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development contains of four stages of intellectual development. The first stage is the sensory motor stage ( birth-2 yrs.), in this stage child does not know the physical object in existence when out of stage. Second stage is called the preoperational stage (age2-7), no abstract conceptualisation is possible where it needs concrete physical situation. In the stage is concrete operational stage (age7-11), starts to conceptualize with experience that accumulates. The fourth stage is formal operation (11-15), cognitive structures resembles like adults and includes conceptual reasoning.
Throughout the year we have learned about many different theorists who have done a great but also horrible job at explaining adolescent/ young adult development. In this paper I will be talking about Freud and Piaget, and how I think that Piaget was the better theorist than Freud when it comes to talking about development. I will also be talking about the similarities and difference between the two. For starters, what are their specific steps of development?
The expectancy is considered as a general concept in psychology, however, conversely in the health literature it is assumed as it is in the real world. In psychology, expectancy theory posits that satisfaction is expressed by a difference between what one received and expected or wanted to receive. However, expectations are made of “cognitive processes” and shaped by “previous experiences”, so it is dynamic, complex beliefs (Bowling et al., 2012).