In the autumn of 1838, the U.S. government, now under Van Buren, commanded the vigorous removal of the Cherokees from Georgia to the Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Of the 18,000 that began the 1,000 miles, 116-day trek, 4,000 perished on the way of illness, cold, starvation, and depletion. For this reason, the journey is known as the Trail of Tears. Regardless of who was responsible, however, the circumstances of suffering and death remain a tragic chapter in American history. In all, between 1831 and 1839 about 46,000 Indian people were relocated across the Mississippi River.
In 1827, Texas required that one tenth of any slaves inherited to be freed but also allowed slaves to be sold. Slavery led up to the Civil war many years after the Missouri Compromise and nearly split up the nation. President Abraham Lincoln announced his Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves, in 1863. Fortunately, slavery ended in 1865 with the ratification of the 13th
In 1890, the United States Congress passed an act that officially created the Oklahoma Territory. During its years as a territory, the United States government declared Guthrie to be the capital of the area despite the fact that a number of other towns wanted to be the capital. At the time, Guthrie was a railroad station stop on the Southern Kansas Railway, and it had a post office. Within hours of the United States government’s announcement that “Unassigned Lands” in a two million acre section of the Indian
The annexation of Texas occurred in the early 1800’s. American colonists were expanding into the Northern sector of the Rio Grande, which developed the need for Texas to become a part of the United States. In the South, the people supported the drive toward the annexation of Texas, but the Northerners opposed this idea. Texas was another slave state and the nature of their society did not appear appealing to the North. Therefore, William Ellery Channing wrote a letter to the Senator of Texas, Henry Clay in 1837.
The Native Americans were forced to live in encampments in Oklahoma which was also known as the Indian Country. Here alcoholism was very prevalent also known as fire water due to the depressing form in which their lives had been destroyed. In 1890 at Wounded Knee South Dakota there was an encampment of 250 innocent Native American Families. There seventh cavalry soldiers would watch them from a hill overlooking the encampment waiting for any motive shoot. When a single shot was fired likely from a soldier they began shooting with Gatling guns nonstop.
In the era before the Civil War America was expanding westward. The Louisiana Purchase and other lands gained help to give America new land to expand on, but this leaded to issues with the division of free and slave states. As Missouri became a state they wanted to become a slave state, which caused trouble. In order to keep equilibrium between the states, Congress came up with the Missouri Compromise of 1820.The Missouri Compromise made Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state. The Treaty also made a line within the Louisiana Territory to keep slavery from moving up the
Three, he started the westward expansion. Andrew Jackson created the trail of tears, which was when he moved the Cherokee indians from georgia to arizona, so east to west. He did this because he wanted to expand the us territory. Andrew Jackson and his soldiers
The presidential campaign of 1828 was the dawn of modern politics for the United States. Towards the election of 1828, the election process had changed in numerous ways. New states such as Indiana, Alabama, and Mississippi wanted new settlers as Americans were expanding westward, so they made constitutions that eliminated landholding requirements for voting. In turn, older states revised their laws to keep citizens at home, resulting in 21 out of 24 states that had universal suffrage for white men. At this time, the notion that presidents had to be wealthy and well-educated was gone, and the new ideal as the head of America was “the common man”.
Lauren Williams Period 11 Group 5 The United States was united by the addition of states through Manifest Destiny and territorial expansion, which inflicted feelings of Nationalism, until the existence of slavery was threatened. Disagreements over whether the newly acquired territory should be slave or free led to the Kansas – Nebraska Act, which did not prevent slave rebellions or the Wilmot Proviso that proposed the outlawing of slavery. The Kansas – Nebraska Act, proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas, was passed on May 30, 1854 (“Kansas”). The act divided the land west of Missouri into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska. The new legislation allowed each territory to decide whether it would be slave or free (Gavin).
Other than land and opportunity, there were many reasons someone would have chosen to move to the new land in the west. Among all of the reasons westward expansion was necessary, the biggest was land and opportunity. “Various Native Americans tribes sign a treaty to cede most of what will become Iowa, Missouri, and Minnesota; Choctaws cede nearly 8 million acres in Mississippi in return for Oklahoma land.”(Chronology of the United States). This land was bought to increase the amount of farmland in America which would be used for agriculture.”Two territories are created: Michigan (July 1) and Louisiana-Missouri (March 3).”(The American Years). Two territories have been created on the other side of America where more people are not moving to.
State government, settlers, pressured the federal government to take Indian land for their own beneficial use and more than one hundred thousand Indians from the Southwest were forced off their land and moved to reservations west of the Mississippi River. As a result of white settlers coming to the Mississippi, the government had to do something. Federal relations with Indian tribes were centered on trading, wars, and treaty making. In an 1831 decision, the Supreme Court described tribes as "domestic dependent nations" that had broad latitude to create their own laws within tribal areas. (e.g.