Andromache's Behavior In The Iliad

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It is clear that Helen 's behavior in book 3 is in almost direct correlation to that of Andromache in book 6, in terms of transgressive behavior. To understand this and to analyze any transgressive behavior further, it must first be established that there are very clear and strict gender divisions in the society portrayed in the Iliad. Hector states, "War is man 's business"1 and a women 's business is the "loom and the 2 spindle." ItisthereforemadmorethanobviousbyHectorthatthereshouldbenocrossingof,or ignoring of your responsibility. Transgression therefore, in the context of the Iliad, and gender is the abandonment of your duties and ignoring society 's expectations of you and the people around you. Hector clearly abides by this expectation, however, a further investigation into Helen and Andromache 's behavior and its significance is required. Helen, at first, appears to abide by this social and gender order through her contempt for Paris and his cowardice in book 3, as Blundell argues she "attempts to shame men into action" 3 Helen tries to encourage Paris to fulfill his responsibility, "Why not go at once and challenge him again?"4 However, this is not Helen 's responsibility to ensure that Paris completes his task, as Hector states, "war is man 's business"5 This reveals that Helen 's actions are actually transgressive because they are outside of the social norm, in terms of gender, that are well established, this is emphasized by Maria C. Pantelia, "Their work

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