Animal Farm Sustainable Development Analysis

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In his novella Animal Farm, George Orwell portrays an example of a society managed by animals, in which he narrates the non-sustainable development he encountered in Russia during the Russian Revolution, and delivers it through the events that transpire in the farm. (An Analysis of the Animal Farm) Sustainable development is when the country meets its present needs without interfering with the future generations’ ability to meet their own needs. When evaluating a society’s developmental status, several social, political, economic and environmental aspects must be taken into consideration. Examples include natural resources, education, healthcare, social justice, trade, and employment. (Sustainable Development Goals) When observing the farm…show more content…
In terms of the political conditions, the situation in Animal Farm is inconsistent with that of a sustainably developed country. A sustainably developed country would often be managed by a proper governance system with clear measures, controls, and policies. Decisions would be based on a democratic system, where no voice is neglected. (Indicators of Sustainable Development) In Animal Farm, the farm is presided over by pigs, particularly Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer. The three pigs set seven commandments that all animals must adhere to, which are initially reasonable and just. The essence of these commandments is to establish justice and equality amongst the animals. However, the pigs exploit the power they possess and start adjusting the commandments to accommodate to their personal interests, therefore contradicting with their primary purpose. For instance, this is demonstrated when Napoleon modifies the commandments to allow himself to drink alcohol…show more content…
A sustainably developed society would provide equal rights for people, regardless of their race, gender, or religion. All members of the community would have to contribute equally, each in their own way. The government would provide effective protection for all members of the community. As well, the leader would operate his power prudently and without abuse or exploitation. (Indicators of Sustainable Development) In Animal Farm, the animals are treated with injustice based on their identities, which serves as a typical example of the hierarchy of the human society. The social hierarchy pyramid in the farm favors Napoleon, followed by the other pigs, then the dogs, and finally the rest of the animals. Aside from the pigs, the animals’ opinions are of trivial significance and are disregarded when making decisions. While the farm is generally safe, as a result of the protection provided by the nine dogs, we can clearly see that Napoleon is afforded more security than the rest of the animals. This could be an upshot of his fear that other animals might revolt against him. (An Analysis of the Animal Farm) This is particularly illustrated when the writer says, “Four dogs guarded his bed at night, one at each corner.” (Orwell, 36) As a result of this social inequity and lack of defense that exist in the farm, the society was unable to achieve its true potential, hence
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