Animal testing Animal testing is doing experiments on animals to ensure about the side effects of the drugs and how effective it is , this includes the cosmetics for women to prevent any disorders for them and to ensure about the pharmaceutical result of the drug . As estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the United States for "scientific and commercial testing. Animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses. Research on living animals has been practiced since at least 500 BC".
It is true that animal testing requires a lot of investment. Not only that money is spent on advanced technologies, it is also spent to pay for scientists’ expertise on this particular field. In order for the scientists to do their research, they need suitable equipment and substances. Every year, the National institutes of Health finances between $12 billion to $14.5 billion on animal testing as indicated in a study done by the government (Bastach, 2013). Besides, scientists need to consider the fact that animals need to be sheltered, fed and cared for to keep them alive.
After Sun reassures readers that the animals are completely safe and pain-free, she is able to reinforce how animal testing is beneficial through sound research. “The truth behind animal testing,” explains how specific discoveries such as insulin, blood transfusions, penicillin, so on and so forth have been unearthed because of animal testing. Today, many people can relate to these medical advances because they are so commonly used in hospitals and the medical field. Sun’s research even introduces multiple cases where animal testing was successful. One such case included Charles Chamberland who was able to find a vaccine for both cholera and anthrax through animal experimentation with little harm to the chickens he was testing.
Animal testing has been in existence for as long as recorded history. It has been used for various types of research, ranging from testing on mammals for understanding of blood circulation, which dates back to almost 1600 AD, to the introduction of the meningitis vaccine in 1992. It has given us loads of information regarding how to treat those who are ill or have diseases. Animal testing is taking us forward not only as a species, but as a civilization. There are multiple reasons why animals are the ideal subjects for medical research, the first being for for hereditary research.
As early as Greek physicians or scientist such as Aristotle animals have been tested. But people haven 't been happy about it recently, recently being within the last 200 years. Theodore Roosevelt once said on this topic, “Common sense without conscience may lead to crime, but conscience without common sense may lead to folly, which is the handmaiden of crime.” Which means thinking without caring for others or other thing leads to crime but lack of common sense even with conscience may lead to folly or foolishness, which practically is crime. People have not agreed with animal testing for centuries but it is hard to stop because there is always the argument of, “We need medicine and the only way to do that is to test on animals.”
In spite of that, some people believe that animal testing is not essential and it should be banned because animals are different from humans physically. In addition, they believe that animal tests are a waste of time and money and there are lower cost alternative methods and more effective. Our purpose of this essay is to prove that animal testing is important and has a lot of benefits and advantages for humanity. Using animals in medical and scientific experiments is necessary, because it finds many cures and treatments, animals bodies are almost similar to the human bodies, also it benefits the animals themselves from diseases.
Animal testing is a highly controversial subject, disputed among many. It is evidently not pleasant to animals, but it is extremely beneficial for scientific findings. Some say it is a necessary evil, and some say it is animal cruelty. Others cannot simply make up their minds about this subject. Although many people are against animal testing, it must continue due to medicine development, advantages of testing animals over other subjects, and the regulated experiments for the animals’ safety.
The discovery of over 160 drugs and vaccines (Sun n.p.) has been through the use of animal testing. “Some other medical advancements that have been discovered through animal testing include penicillin, blood transfusions, insulin (that controls blood sugar levels of diabetics), kidney transplants, and vaccines for polio and meningitis (Sun n.p.). ” Almost every medical breakthrough has come from testing on animals. The polio vaccination, from the polio diseased, has reduced tremendously over the years due to animal testing.
Animal Testing: Bloody Secret behind beauty It is true that cosmetics are routinely tested on animals before they are cleared for human use. Most of people don’t know the reality of animal testing, they just want to know the effectiveness of the products. Animal testing in cosmetics and other products affects our society, we must understand and try to solve this problem. Animal testing is widely used to develop new cosmetics and test the safety of the products. However, these tests or experiments can cause animals pain and suffering.
Poliomyelitis, breast cancer, brain injury, childhood leukemia, cystic fibrosis, malaria, multiple sclerosis, and tuberculosis. These conditions have one thing in common; they all have had advancements or cures because of animal testing. Animal testing has dated back several years and used throughout our history. Many famous physician scientists such as Aristotle, Erasistratus, Galen, Ibn Zuhr, and many more have used this method of experimentation to find advancements in medicine. However, as time progresses animal testing has been put under criticism and some question the methods used.
"The question is not, 'Can they reason? ' nor, 'Can they talk? ' but rather, 'Can they suffer? '". (Bentham) This quote by Jeremy Bentham perfectly illustrates the cruel nature of animal testing. The testing of animals has become more and more prevalent in the world of medicine and cosmetics. Scientists use animals to test out new medicines and cosmetics by injecting them with a needle or applying the product on the animal so they can study the side effects. Every year over 100 million animals are killed due to animal experimentation. Dogs, cats, and monkeys are just some of the animals subjected to drug, chemical, food, and cosmetics testing every day. (People) Some people think that this treatment is a necessary evil, but there are alternatives to lethally injecting monkeys. Animals can suffer too, and we shouldn 't act ignorant to their pain. Animal testing is unethical and should be illegal because their lives are just as valuable as ours, test results are inaccurate, and alternative methods exist to prevent animal suffering.
There is much controversy over whether or not animals should be used to test new procedures and medications. I personally believe that animal testing is crucial to scientific development. Every life lost is a tragedy but as seen in the story, Flowers for Algernon, by Daniel Keys, it will help us determine what will happen to a human test subjects without human losses. In this essay I will support my belief that animal research is important to human survival and is worth the risk. Animal research has played a vital part in nearly every medical breakthrough over the last decade.
95% of animals being used for animal testing are not covered by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). That is a high percentage of animals not protected and have a high chance of being mistreated. That is only a part of the problem when it comes to animal testing. The bigger issue is that the anatomic, metabolic, and cellular differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings. Their is no reason to test animals if it could mislead researchers from breakthroughs. By performing clinical trials on humans their would be better chances of finding cures and treatments.
Animal testing indicates supporting human beings through using another species for our human benefits. It’s been seen as an unethical action, something cruel; due to the fact that we take away the animal freedom. However, if we weren’t to use animal testing, the medicines and cosmetics we use today wouldn’t have been known to be safe. Yet, it should be considered to see whether it is ethically right to let animals suffer only because of our own influences. Even though it would be very reasonable to get rid of animal cruelty, it wouldn’t only indicate the banning of animal testing, but also the preventing of the production of clothing and the provision of food such as the meat of an animal Even though there are many reasons for claiming animal testing to be wrong, scientists don’t stop to use animals for medicines and scientific research.
Penicillin, insulin, and Polio vaccine are some life-saving cures and medical treatment which was found by using animals as an experimental objects. The experiment using dog with its pancreas being removed beforehand led to the discovery of insulin which is critical to help diabetics. The polio vaccine, which originally was tested on animals, reduced the global occurrence of the disease from 350,000 cases in 1988 to 223 cases in 2012. Even the California Biomedical Research Association states that “for more than a hundred years, virtually every medical breakthrough in human and animal health has been the direct result of research using animals.” It clearly indicates that without “animal testing” we may not be able to achieve these big medical breakthroughs