Imperialism first began in 1600, when the British East Indie Company was used to control the spice trade. The British East Indie Company increased in power by creating a military, and they eventually established control over almost all of India. Imperialism is the extension of a nation’s power over other lands. From 1880 to 1900, the race for the control of Africa began and Europe ended up taking control of almost all of it. From 1858 to 1947, the British took control of India, with a population of over 300 million. There was a lot of controversy on whether the intentions of the British was helpful or harmful. When the British established Imperialism in both Africa and India, it led to poverty and starvation of the citizens. These hardships …show more content…
The British brought poverty to subject countries, and the poverty brought starvation of the citizens. With millions of people facing starvation, the death rate increased rapidly. In addition, subject countries generally had a weak government before British rule, so it made it difficult for many citizens to find money. In Document 2, Dadabhai Naoroji explains how the Europeans invaded India without any care for the indigenous people. “All they [the Europeans] do is live off of India while they are here. When they go, they carry all they have gained” (Naoroji). Europeans invaded India in search for resources and took everything that the indigenous people of India fought hard for. Since the previous governments were weak, many people already lived within meager means, once the British took over, people fell into deeper poverty. “The poverty of the country grew. The standard of living fell to terribly low levels” (Nehru). The poverty that the Europeans brought to India made it unbearable and extremely different for Indians to live. The job rate decreased, the standard of living decreased, and starvation increased. Millions of Indians died due to famine that the Europeans brought to India, and the poor state that they left it in. In conclusion, the British made the already unstable governments worse which led to scarcity and …show more content…
Political rights protect an individual's freedom, so, it outraged citizens when they realized the instability of the Great Britain’s democracy. In theory, a lack of democracy and political rights is a lack of freedom. Democracy has shown to be important all throughout history, because it gives citizens opportunities to participate in the government; electing leaders, help create laws, etc. Democracy cannot been used to create enormous empires, but it has been a popular form of government because it generally keeps the country in peace and prosperity. Political rights are essential for a strong and vigorous country, because they protect a person’s basic freedoms. Furthermore, without political rights, citizens cannot participate in the government nor their society. So, people under British authority felt that they could not contribute to society. In the document: “The Pros and Cons of British Rule”, Dadabhai Naoroji vividly explains why the citizens of India were not treated fairly and were not given certain rights. “Political aspirations and the legitimate claim to have a reasonable voice in the legislation and the imposition and disbursement of taxes, met to a very slight degree, thus treating the natives of India not as British subjects, in whom representation is a birthright” (Naoroji). This quote describes how the indigenous people in India were
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
India was most impacted by British imperialism because the poverty
Imperialism, as an irrevocable phenomenon, facilitated the expansionism, conflicting interests, intense nationalism, and seething competition that enveloped the European continent at the beginning of the 20th century. Characteristic of the movement, imperialism fostered policies of colonial expansion and conquest, exemplified by the evidence of Source B. The German imperialistic career, beginning after the events of the Franco-German War in 1884, swallowed almost a million square miles and governed an additional 14 million people; the French Empire, after a revival of ‘the old colonial spirit’ conquered an area of over 3.5 million square miles and brought under its protection over 37 million indigenous peoples of these colonies; Italian, Russian,
For example, if there was a drought or the crops didn't grow properly a farmer's life would be in great danger. This is because, when a farmer would only grow one crop it reduced food production which caused famines (Beck). During the height of imperialism deaths from famine increased by 8.3 million.(doc 4) The British had a great deal of power India but they had the most control over India's economy. The British took Indians resources and controlled their government, preventing India from operating on its own.(Beck)(doc 5)Part of controlling the government meant that the Indian people were not represented and did not have a say(doc 9).
The time period of 1750-1900 CE was a time of modernization and westernization following the Enlightenment and Age of Exploration which propelled Europe into being the central power of the world. It started off with the Industrial Revolution in Britain along with the emergence of capitalism which modernized European technology, weaponry, and ideas as well as giving them the desire for wealth all of which created a foundation for European imperialism in various parts of the world. Asia and Africa both fell victim to European imperialism, but to different extents both politically where Asia mostly retained autonomy while Africa fell under direct rule and socially where Africans fell victim to slavery and exploitation to a much greater degree
By 1775 the relationship attitude of the American colonist towards the British led to the American Revolution. Leading up to this event we can trace back to 1763 when British leaders began to try take control of the colonist. The British had set up a policy prohibiting people to settling in the west. Throughout the years the American colonists have changed their attitudes towards the British politically, economically, and socially by the 1775. Politically the British and the colonies were loyal and support to each other between 1700-1763.
At the turn of the 19th century, America presented the policy of imperialism and there was a ton of debate over the subject. Some say that imperialism would benefit America by increasing trade and help make this country more powerful. Others say that imperialism would be horrible for America because we are taking over countries without their permission and restricting their choice. The United States should adopt the policy of imperialism because it would help grow our country, increase trade, and help the economy.
Causes of Imperialism The acceleration of Imperialism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that greatly impacted the world, is due to multiple economic, political, and social forces. Imperialism, a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force, was becoming drastically more and more important for European and Asian countries. Ultimately, the advancements during the Industrial Revolution made Imperialism easier, and on a very large scale for many European countries. Although there were many factors that contributed to Imperialism by ways of economic, political, and social forces, some proved to be more significant and influential than others.
Did you know that from 1875 to 1900 there were 26 million deaths caused by famine in India? As the East India Company (Britain) saw India growing weaker they took that as an advantage and sent troops to India and defeated them. Britain soon took power over India, They formed a group of Indian Soldiers called sepoys to join their army. Starting out, Britain improved many things, but after a while they started taking advantage of India by using their raw materials and people to grow their own empire. British Rule in India resulted in the in them taking over the government, taking all the material from the Indians and destroying their land and ending in a large amount of India's population dead because of famine.
Imperialism is the demonstration of extending a nation's domain through the utilization of power, colonization, or pressure. Amid the hundreds of years, vast and effective European nations, similar to Spain and England, set forth significant push to secure and run different nations and domains. For instance, the colonization and improvement of the United States was begun on the grounds that England needed to grow its realm to new regions that could give it more noteworthy force and assets. In spite of the fact that it has a genuinely straight-forward definition, imperialism is really an extremely muddled procedure that has a tendency to unravel through the span of many reasons and numerous races.
The June 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the Serbian Black Hand Group, caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. As their allies got involved this conflict grew into World War I (WWI). This event wasn’t the real cause of the war, it was just the spark that started it. Most people would say the causes were imperialism, nationalism, alliances and militarism.
In the late 1800s, Europe was scrambling to conquer vast amounts of land. Imperialism had swept the continent by storm, with many countries vying for pieces of Africa and Asia to control. From 1880 to 1900, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy fought for African possessions and by 1900, nearly the whole continent had been split and placed under European rule. There was plenty of motivation for Europeans to conquer the world, and while some supported it, others didn’t. Most people in Europe at this time held ethnocentric views toward the “uncivilized” cultures in the world.
What is imperialism? Imperialism is an approach to expand a nation’s power and their influences over other lands. Empires would look for expansion in their rule over other countries like Africa, Asia, and the Middle East starting in the 1870s and continued until 1914. But, was Imperialism beneficial for developing nations? Imperialism benefited developing nations from the positive aspects of technological advancements, economic gain, and political power.
Imperialism is the ambition of a powerful nation to dominate the political, economical, and cultural affairs of another nation or region. The idea of imperialism occurred after the Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century and early 20th century. The specific years of imperialism are from 1870-1914. The regions that were affected by imperialism include Africa, Asia, and Latin America. These region were wanted by the imperialist powers of this time, which were: Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.
The British first came to India not only because of the abundance of raw materials, but also the mass potential they seen. The British East India Company, took advantage of the collapsing Mughal Empire, and broke away from their control to flourished their company. In 1857 the Sepoy army rebelled and that caused the British to come in guns blazing and take over the country. The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it would make in taking over India and keeping the British in control. Political Paragraph British imperialism had a negative effect on the politics of India because of the corrupt justice system, and the utter lack of respect that killed masses of innocent people.