Film Review: “The Opium War” The movie “The Opium War” was filmed in memory of the return of HongKong in 1997. It’s an attempt to rebuild historical cognition. It is about what happened between two empires (the Great Qing dynasty and the Great Britain) in the time that full of opportunities and chaos from 1838 to 1840. The emperor Daoguang decided to forbid opium, bringing back wealth and order to his land. The emperor appointed Lin Zexu as his imperial commissioner, ordering him to go to Guangzhou where the opium trade originates and deliver the emperor’s determination of forbidding opium.
The 18th Amendment was then suggested by Congress which banned the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors, for state ratification. Within just 11 months three-quarters of the United States supported the 18th Amendment. The 18th Amendment went into effect a year later in 1919 and that October the Nation Prohibition Act was enforced which gave the guidelines for the Prohibition. On January 16, 1920 at 12 A.M. the federal Volstead Act had had every tavern, saloon and bar in the United States shut down. Though there was a decline in arrests for drunkenness and there was a 30 percent drop in alcohol consumption, there were people who still wanted to drink and they did find a way to do it.
“... Obesity is an issue that needs to be addressed. It is one that needs to be addressed with education, compassion, and support, not government mandates” (Stone, para 2). Prior to the middle of 2013, New York city mayor Michael Bloomberg had implemented a law that banned soda containers over the size of 16 ounces to be sold, but the ban was later repealed by the New York State Court. Essentially, the main controversy was whether the ban should have been repealed or ever created. According to Stone, by limiting people from doing something as simple as drinking certain amounts of soda, the city was going through the wrong course towards their objective.
Attitudes Toward FDA Regulation of Newly Deemed Tobacco Products. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 3(4), 504-515. Malone, R. E. (2017). Conflicts and controversies in contemporary tobacco control. Smith, E. A., McDaniel, P. A., Hiilamo, H., & Malone, R. E. (2017).
Case Study on the Ban of Tobacco Advertising in India This case study analyzes the ban of tobacco advertising in India. The Government of India had decided to pass a bill where it prohibits or bans all companies producing tobacco to advertise their products and to participate in sponsoring youth events such as sports and cultural events. The main reason for the Government to ban tobacco advertising was to discourage the use of this product among young people. This however caused a great conflict between those who were in favor of the ban and those against it. Some of the arguments in favor of the ban of the tobacco advertising stated that India would not be the first or the only country taking this bold step.
ABSTRACT This paper revolves around sifting through detailed analysis of the judgments delivered by the Supreme Court of India and various other High Courts, which form the legal corpus of irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for divorce in India. Under the breakdown theory, irretrievable breakdown of marriage is where the marriage has reached a point wherein there is complete breakdown of the institution with no scope for retrieval of that previously existing bond. The 71st Report of the Law Commission of India (1978) majorly supported this view after which the subsequent legislative attempt in 1981 failed and from the initiation of marriage law amendment Bill in 2010, it got passed in 2013 by Rajya Sabha, however, the government
In the article “Ban on tobacco ads by the government of India” (page 2,3), the arguments in favor of a ban on tobacco advertising provide some of the following points: Precedents in other countries who have imposed bans on tobacco advertising show that laws enforcing the bans were upheld by the courts in Belgium and France. They point out that in these countries freedom of choice is respected but when a product can be dangerous or a detriment to public health the state has the right to ban advertising. This has already been done for other products like firearms and pharmaceutical products. Statistics are given showing the number of deaths that are caused by tobacco and that the health care cost outweigh the economic benefits of production and sales of tobacco. The fear that the advertising was inducing children and young people to smoke and that the advertising was targeting young people was pointed out.
The research has shown that women smokers lose 2.3% to 3.3% of bone mineral density for every 10 pack-years of tobacco use. The effects are even worse in postmenopausal women. Furthermore, smoking causes many of the devastating fires that kill human. One study found that cigarettes were the cause of 55% of all house fires involving a fatality. So, if smoker quit smoking, they will be less likely to burn down their house.
The Government of India has wanted to start an anti-Tobacco Program by discouraging young people from smoking. The first step to achieve such program was to ban advertising from Tobacco Companies. This included the advertisement of tobacco products and sponsorship at sports and cultural events. From the ethical standpoint the government felt responsible for the wellbeing of its citizens so it had to come up with a plan or a program to discourage smoking. The government argued that Tobacco was a toxic product which caused death when consumed as the companies intended.
Over 250,000 million teenagers who had never smoked a cigarette used e-cigarette in 2013 (Sarah 2014). According to a report by UBS Securities LLC, sales from the e-cigarette market doubled from $250 to $500 million between 2011 and 2012, and are expected to quadruple by 2014 (Palazzolo 2013). Not everyone agree with the use of e-cigarettes because the rumours spreading around and made e-cigarettes smokers confused about the risk of using it. Therefore, This report is written for the ministry of Health in Malaysia to decide whether e-cigarettes should be prohibited in public areas. In this report discussions on the advantage, the disadvantage and the health risk of e-cigarettes are analysed.