The book of my choosing was Australian Race Relations by Andrew Markus, this book gives detailed reasoning on the thinking behind why Great Britain decided to embark upon Australia and the reasoning behind doing so. I plan to discuss some of the similarities and differences regarding three main points that we have both discussed in class and that is presented in Australian Race Relations and they are; the idea of superiority that Europeans had regarding other countries, the racial immigrant segregation seen in the nineteen century Australia, and the ways in which Australia tried to keep themselves white from integration of outside races. Markus starts off his novel by addressing the underlying reason for the British takeover of Austria. …show more content…
It involved non-European immigrants to Australia in the mid nineteenth century. The comparisons between Markus most notable reasons of immigrant inflation and what we’ve learned from speakers, lecture and reading is very similar. The gold rush of the 1850’s was the underlying reason for such a dramatic increase in the countries increased population, but especially within New South Wales and Victoria. Victoria’s populated nearly increased sevenfold from 80,000 to 540,000 in the ten years between 1851 to 1886. . This gold discovery brought immigrants from all regions of Europe as well a large majority of Chinese. The Chinese were the most distinctive non-English speaking group on the goldfields and within society. The divide between European and Chinese immigrants was a very influential conflict within the later society of Australian history. Comparing the similarities within Australian Race Relations and what we have examined in class, is that the Chinese presence in Australia was not ideal for those European who called Australia home. They were different from European immigrants in so many ways, such as appearance, customs, work methods, and the fact that they were mostly all men. Most Chinese lived in separate communities, showing little to no inclination to adopt local mores; they saw themselves as temporary visitors-and were contrast to remain apart. One of the contrasts that I did pick up on within Markus’s reading that we did not going into much depth about was the difference between post California gold rush Asian immigrants and their economic role versus that of Australia’s. Following the gold rush in California, Chinese immigrants pursued jobs in other fields such as agriculture, construction of railroads or manufacturing plants, these newfound jobs that existed in California post gold rush was not the case in Australia
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One of the most important changes was the acceptance that Aboriginal People could be assimilated into ‘White’ culture. Although blatant racial discrimination was disappearing, systemic racial discrimination remained . ‘White’ culture was seen to be the quintessential ideal for Australian society with Aboriginal Australians seen to be unsophisticated and in need of industrialization
Robert Drewe’s 1996 novel The Drowner is, among other things, a representation of Western Australian lifestyle, culture and identity in the late 19th century. At the time, Australia was still a young nation; an “underdog” among Western countries. However, numerous gold rushes brought wealth and prosperity to the nation, attracting millions of immigrants from mainly European countries. Australia’s national identity developed into one centred around the values of hard work, perseverance and mateship—values which are still central to our identity today.
Scenario C is a news article in which racism is clearly seen coming from the Australian community. A promotions billboard lead to major controversy amongst many Australians after it pictured two Muslim women wearing hijabs promoting Australia day. After receiving complaints and threats, the billboard company made the decision to take down the advertisement. This situation provided evidence that racism is still a big issue, and that there was little consideration given to those who were affected by it.
Australian identity and what constitutes Australian culture are prominent ideas explored by Peter Goldsworthy’s Maestro. Throughout the novel, there is a strong sense of cynicism towards Australian culture as it is painted as ambiguous and indefinite. This is established through the analogy of Paul representing Australian society and his parents representing the British influence on Australian culture. Goldsworthy also explores the European influence on Australia through Kellar’s character. Goldsworthy’s broader message is that Australian identity is in fact quite complex and open to interpretation due how culturally diverse it is.
Chapter six examines the anti-Chinese sentiment with the emerging class antagonism and turmoil between white capitalists and workers. The unwelcomed arrival of Chinese immigrants brought along their own social organizations such as the huiguan, fongs, and tongs. These types of social organizations secured areas of employment and housing for Chinese immigrants in California. This social structure that was unknown to Anglos led them to also categorize Chinese on the same level as Indians by depicting them as lustful heathens whom were out to taint innocent white women. These images were also perpetuated onto Chinese women, thus, also sexualizing them as all prostitutes.
Many miners passed through this community on their way to work the Gold Mines. The miners faced a reality filled with discrimination as the white miners resented their presence. When finding gold did not pan out, many Chinese immigrants moved on to building railroads, but because they were willing to work much cheaper than others they were often treated harshly for taking the jobs of whites who were trying to support their families but were not willing to work for the same pay. Economic difficulties were not the only reason that ethnic Chinese were looked down upon, the creation of ethnic enclaves including the largely populated China Town in San Francisco, created an image of the Chinese that conflicted with the American culture of the time. In these communities they kept much of their culture from China, they didn’t need to speak English and were isolated from other communities.
During the 1800s, many Chinese immigrants entered America to seek substantial economic wealth and a prosperous life. The first surge of Chinese immigration occurred in 1848 at Sutter’s Mill, California when gold was discovered. Since then, many Chinese immigrants entered the American workforce, and the Americans despised the fact that these incoming immigrants were taking “their jobs”. In the year 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by Congress to limit the amount of Chinese Immigrants entering the country. There are many factors that contributed to the passing of the Chinese Exclusion Act; however the most influential factors included the prevention of economic competition, Chinese persecution, and discrimination.
Chinese immigrants, manly single men, came to California with the hope of finding gold. When the amount of gold tapered off some Chinese immigrants obtained enough money to travel back to China, while some stayed in America. Those who stayed in America faced persecution from native Americans as well as European immigrants. The Chinese had to take any job their could get, such as a cook, in order to make money. Nativists resented the Chinese for this because they were taking the true American’s jobs.
 Lyle Allan (1983), 'A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Multiculturalism', in Social Alternatives (University of Queensland), Vol.3, No.3, July, page 68  Tanya Birrell (1978), 'Migration and the Dilemmas of Multiculturalism,' in Robert Birrell and Colin Hay (eds.), The Immigration Issue in Australia, A Sociological Symposium, Department of Sociology, School of Social Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, pages 132-146  Frank Knopfelmacher (1982), 'The case against multi-culturalism,' in Robert Manne (ed.), The New Conservatism in Australia, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Victoria, pages
The Gold Rush, beginning in 1848 and ending in 1855, was a period in American history which opened the doors of opportunity to a new group of immigrants, the Chinese. The discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill, California, in 1848 was the cause of mass Chinese immigration that would last for decades to come. When James Marshall discovered gold in 1848, there were fifty-four recorded Chinese in California, this number quickly rose to 116,000 by 1876. Title (Chinese Immigration During the Gold Rush: The American Encounter) The California Gold Rush allowed for immigrants, such as the Chinese, to encounter the various beliefs and suspicions of the American society.
This article discusses the speech given by an Indigenous journalist, Stan Grant who participated in a debate where he spoke for the motion “Racism is destroying the Australian Dream’’. Hence, the main points of this article are mostly evidence given by Grant in his debate to support his idea that the Australian Dream is indeed rooted in racism. One of the main points is that the indigenous Australians are often excluded and disregarded as non-Australians simply due to their race and skin colour. Grant pointed out the incident where AFL player Adam Goodes was publicly jeered and told that he did not belong to his country as he was not an Australian despite the fact that Australia indeed is the land of his ancestors.
Australia has always been filled with racism, starting with the treatment of indigenous people in the past. Many Indigenous children were forcibly removed from their families as a result of numerous government policies. Most of the indigenous children were adopted into white families. They wanted to create a white society.
Australia has a huge variety of festivals that are happening all the time a lot of which celebrate multiculturalism. Oktoberfest is a festival that celebrates an old German tradition where everyone comes together to drink, eat, dance, and overall have fun no matter where you 're from. The festival is celebrated all over the world including Australia, and with it a whole lot of its culture too. One of the main staples of Oktoberfest is its food and drinks there wouldn 't be a festival if it weren 't for these two factors