This essay will demonstrate an understanding of the Australian Sequentially Planned Integrative Counselling for Children Model (SPICC) which embraces theoretical concepts and practical strategies from a number of established psychotherapeutic approaches such as Client Centred Counselling, psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Gestalt Therapy, Narrative Therapy, CBT and Behaviour Therapy. The author will reflect on the goals of counselling children on all levels and explore the SPICC model which incorporating an overview of the stages of therapeutic change and the tasks of the therapist. The therapist must have a good understanding of the therapeutic modalities used in the SPICC model, the spiral of change and the processes occurring in the child in …show more content…
By now the child will be less anxious and help them integrate more easily into their world. Image, storytelling/narrating and metaphors are used to gain this new, healthier perspective of the child. The therapist will stay within the metaphor of the child’s story to allow for dramatic distance which facilitates the child to explore how their problems have influenced their internal and external worlds. Through recreating a preferred story the child can change their own narrative. The therapist’s role in this phase is not to direct the child’s story but to act as a wittness, facilitating the child to stay in contact with the self and checking in that they are understanding the story correctly (Geldard et al, 2013). The child will now be able to separate themselves from their problems, let go of painful memories, gain some control over their world and further develop their own identity as in the case of Dibs (Axline, 1964) when he does not want doors and windows shut anymore and boldly begins to open them. Older children and adolescents who may have difficulty telling creative stories may be helped by creative media such as cards, story boards, pictures, story cubes, miniatures to represent the story may be used. It is crucial to help the child stay connected to the new preferred story and it is at this point that the therapy progresses to phase
Erlese Caruth, LPC, C-MFT, NCC — The founder and owner of A Place For Me Counseling Erlese Caruth is a licensed professional therapist. She is a certified marriage and family therapist with a Master of Arts degree in Professional Counseling. Have you ever wondered if therapy is right for your child, teenager or your family. Have you noticed some difficulty with expressing feelings or thoughts, anger, sadness, isolation or anxiety at home? Perhaps teachers or caregivers have expressed concerns regarding recent behaviors, challenges with making friends or difficulty with processing information.
According to the world health organisation 50 percent of mental illnesses begin by the age of 14, that’s why there are organisation such as the kids helpline dedicated to helping and counselling young people(Kids Helpline, 2016). The Kids Helpline is a free, 24 hour counselling service for young individuals between the age the 5-25, within this organisation 's kids are able to talk to experienced and trained counsellors who offer sessions though the phone, email and over the web (Kids Helpline, 2016) (appendix 1). These experienced counsellors all together respond to 4,500 calls a day, in regards to a range of issues that young people are having (kids helpline, 2016). The organisation 's main aim is to “empower young people by assisting them to develop and create positive relationships” they have helped millions of children and is a critical organisation in relation to kids physical, mental and social well being (Kids Helpline, 2016).
From day one, kids are expected to meet the standards of their generation, and as a result children are taught what to do and how to act in order to reflect these expectations, however these limits can impact a child's imagination. A kids' imagination can cause the child wanting more of what they cannot have, and lead to a life that they want to escape. In Alden Nowlan's expressive short story “The Fall of a City”, it conveys the creativeness of kids' imagination. The Main character, Teddy, has a make-believe world where he frequently puts himself in the shoes of a character. This make-believe world is made up of pieces of cardboard and paper, located in his attic, where he spends most of his day.
Critical analysis of the Franklin series by Paulette Bourgeois A children’s story is the first step a child is introduced to in terms of reading and literature. These books give children enjoyment, develop their feelings and imagination. It might also help children resolve problems by creatively portraying the issue in the book and also by teaching how to deal with it in an entertaining way. For example in Franklin Fibs, Paulette Bourgeois innovatively explains how lying can be bad and how it can impact a child. This probably teaches the childmoral values and also entertains them .
Reading about them and drawing them to the surface can further encourage use of therapy rather than hinder progress in such therapy. However, there are varying perspectives as to the effectiveness of dramatizing such monsters in therapy. Most obviously, there are some who believe that the risks may make such an approach useless, while others purport that drama therapy has significant implications for positive
A brief comparison between narrative therapy and family therapy will also be given. Overview of the two theories Narrative Therapy Narrative therapy is best known for being used by Michael White and David Epston. Narrative therapy commonly involves a shift in focus from more theories that can be seen as traditional. A collaborative approach is often encouraged and the therapist is also encouraged to show special interest and listen respectfully to the client’s stories. The therapist should also avoid diagnosing and labelling clients but rather enable the client to often separate themselves from the most dominant story of their life to provide a space where alternative life stories can be created (Corey, 2014).
Second, the lifestyle of the child is investigated by the counselor. This is done through exploring their goals. The third stage makes use of interventions such as puppets, role play or storytelling. In this way, the counselor can help the child obtain an understanding of patterns of behavior, thought, and feelings(APT). In the final stage of the intervention, children get to practice the new behaviors, thoughts, and feelings they gave learned.
When looking at reviews on interventions used with children with asd it appears not all are effective there are features of some that are more effective than others. There has been a great level of importance placed on the key features that promote the effectiveness and that start the intervention process as early as possible that most children benefit from over 15 hours per week of intervention, the more the better. Including interventions were parents and carers can be involved. Interventions that seem to show the most affect are behavioural approaches and those that address the issues of social communication. There is no intervention that will reduce symptoms of autism, there are ones that focus on improving life skills and other abilities
Narrative family therapists are interested in how we story our experience and use a deliberate and dynamic dialogue in which new meaning can be created. The basic theory of narrative therapy is that human beings tend to story their experience in order to make sense of their lives (Phipps and Vorster, 2015). People begin to ascribe meaning to their stories and overtime, it becomes easier to gather more events that are consistent with their story line. Thus, this becomes the dominant story for the individual and/or family and they are unable to comprehend events objectively (Phips & Vorster, 2015). Precious and Mary believe that the problems in their life resides within themselves and/or family members, and this perspective is hindering their ability to solve their problems.
The basic theme outlined by Dr. Axline is how play therapy can help a child psychologist to help the child who has been in isolation lead to his self-discovery. The book holds that through self-knowledge one gains valuable life experience and grows as a complete new human being. The book is important because of its contribution to play therapy. Although, it also tells the story of how Dibs goes from being thought “retarded and hostilely rejecting” to being a “brilliant boy”. Dibs in Search of Self is an inspirational
Counselling Psychology in Australia Although considered a specialisation, counselling psychology (CP) is a relatively broad area of practice which encompasses a wide-range of therapeutic orientations, techniques, and client populations (APS, 2018; PsyBA, 2013; Corey, 2013). While there is considerable variation within CP, adherence to the scientist-practitioner model (i.e., evidence-based practice) is critical and CPs undergo extensive training in a variety of empirically supported therapeutic methodologies (APS, 2018; Di Mattia & Grant, 2016; Vespia & Sauer, 2006). However, in addition to technical competencies, the practitioner themselves have a substantial impact on the “type” of counselling a client receives; indeed, this personal dimension
Though it has certain boundaries and limitations, a lot of times Marion may expect the therapist to act as the expert, instead of having to conduct the conversation themselves (Winslade & Cotter, 2002). For these reason, Narrative Therapy can be challenging especially if Marion will not be a good talker or not articulate. There are so many factors, but the only way the therapist can work well with Marion is to make her feel with an amazing self-confidence coupled with intellectual capacity and other narratives will be expressed properly. The therapist can also program some agenda for Marion to support a framework to her narrative to make her tell her stories easier. But the most important aspect of Narrative Therapy is to empower the client (Flaskas, 1999).
QUESTION 3- 725 WORDS DRAFT The final stages of the Psychic Crisis model following from adaptation is orientation and adjustment. Once parents have accepted that their child has a problem, blame becomes subsidised and thats when they are said to be coping. Organising, actively seeking help and information and planning for the future is seen as orientation.
In the book Dibs in Search of Self, Virginia M,Axline brings forth that it is very important to pay attention to the psychology of children in today’s world and they should be supported emotionally and mentally by their parents. She also portrays the way in which the play therapy sessions should be conducted. The play therapy session depends both on the therapist and the child and that every moment and step during the session is essential for child. The book is an educational and heart- warming therapeutic tale of child psychology. Dr. Axline maintains her emotional distance from Dibs but understand him with patience and helps him to be confident, responsible and