Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

I chose to write my paper on the Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because my son was diagnosed with autism when he was 3 years old. He was 18 months old when we started noticing changes in his behavior. A child that was able to speak in complete sentences stopped talking completely.
What are autism and the autism spectrum disorder? They are terms for a group of disorders of brain development. These disorders are portrayed in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication and repetitive behaviors just to name a few. Autism may be mild or severe. In my sons case it’s mild. Not all kids with autism have the same problems. Some kids may just have social and behavioral issues, …show more content…

My son, Nathan, will not look you directly in the eye. He may not even acknowledge your presence. And it does not matter if he knows you or not. He, like many kids on the spectrum, has difficulty making and keeping friends. They are not on the same emotional level as a child that does not have ASD. A child with ASD does not understand the concept of sharing or taking turns. They can become very upset or even violent if another child takes a toy from them. Children with ASD rarely show excitement. Children with ASD get upset easily when taken in a public setting such as a grocery store or restaurant. They do not like having any attention directed toward them. For the last 3 years I’ve have to try and help Nathan understand that the people trying to interact with him were not going to hurt him. If you looked in his general direction or tried speaking to him, his natural reaction was to hit, kick, scream, bang his head on anything nearby and take his shoes off and throw them. When we go out to a restaurant he sits on the floor under the table to avoid anyone trying to talk to him. It’s sensory overload for …show more content…

These may range from the odd (spinning, flapping) to the self-injurious (head banging) to the truly dangerous (hitting, kicking, and dashing into traffic). The Applied Behavior Analysis, or ABA, is the most well know of the behavior approaches. It is a program that encourages positive behavior while discouraging negative ones. If the child does what he or she was told to do they earn a prize. Autistic kids may also find undesirable ways to avoid doing what they don’t want to do; they may hum, slide under the table or otherwise avoid non-preferred

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