1. Use a range of research-based, culturally responsive, and universally designed practices to differentiate mathematics instruction.
Many students struggle with math and have difficulties understanding the concepts that are associated with mathematics. Common difficulties include difficulties understanding the language of math, understanding numbers, counting, patterns, algebra, geometry, and procedural operations. (Salend, 2016, pg ??) There are many strategies that teachers can use to help students who are struggling to understand math. The textbook suggests the use of progress monitoring, hands-on engaging and interactive curriculum, the use of explicit instruction, and the use of models and examples to help students who are having difficulties
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Many of the same strategies that work for differentiating math and social studies instruction can be applied to differentiating science. When choosing texts, teachers should choose texts that students can understand as well as explain important concepts and main ideas. Texts should include examples and visuals. For example, a concept such as the water cycle can be shown in a visual, so students can visualize the different parts of the cycle and the order they go in. Science teachers should also teach academic language that relate to the content so students will be familiar with the language during instruction. For science, the use of visuals, modeling, and demonstrations are very important. The use of discovery learning and hands on activities is also very important in science. The use of experiments allow students to interact with the content and to discover what happens in an experiment. Instead of students just hearing or reading about a concept, seeing it come to life in a hands on experience can be very motivating as well as benefit their learning. The use of collaborative learning can also help differentiate instruction. Students can work together and help each other learn complex concepts as well as work on experiences and projects together. Technology can also be used to differentiate science instruction. For example, students can do experiments digitally, such as dissecting a frog digitally. This allows students to gain the knowledge from the online simulation without having to dissect a real