In the essay, “Federalism, Nationalism, and Reason”, Pierre Trudeau addresses the history and origins of self-determination and nationalism and its central role in federal statehood, he then discusses the interactions of federalism and nationalism in a Canadian context. Trudeau posits major arguments that will be assessed in this review. First, he postures that that the federal state is driven by self-determination and nationalism, which ultimately makes it unstable due to its foundation in emotionalism rather than reason. Second, Trudeau outlines the historical factors that resulted in the separatist narrative in Quebec and claims that Canadian nationalism cannot combat Quebec’s regional nationalism.
Vimy Ridge was considered Canada’s greatest victories. This is the time when the country came out from Britain’s shadow and was capable of doing great things as their own country. Canadian soldiers earned respect and a reputation of effectiveness and a tough army. On April 9th 1917 the Canadian army were ordered to attack Vimy Ridge which was located in Northern France in the pas-de-Calais region. Near the border of Belgium, is a village called Vimy which was equipped with Barbed wires and machine guns. To attack this difficult position, Canadian troops had to carefully plan and practice their attack on France. In order to provide a wide range of firepower in the war they were given specialist roles as machine gunners, and grenade-throwers.
The Revolutionary Era (1764-1789) (www.americaslibrary.gov) the era set up the fall for Great Britain. It would bring nations that were once under the tyranny of the king to become military and economic power houses in the future, the United States of America is one of these nations. It is located in North America. What caused the British colonists to come up in arms? The Boston Massacre (March 5, 1775) (www.history.com), occurred when a crowd of colonists heckled a group of British soldiers while they were on duty. One soldier, Captain Thomas Preston, was the man who fired the shots that killed five people. Three civilians died immediately; two died in the hospital for their wounds. The shooter was arrested for manslaughter.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a very successful battle not only for the Allies but, for the Canadian army. The Battle of Vimy Ridge took place in April 1917 in France. The battlefield gave Germany the upper hand as their trenches were located on a hill. Therefore giving Germany a commanding view of the British trenches and troops. Britain and France had tried on countless occasions to capture the area, however they were forced back by German artillery. Thus, leaving the capture in the hands of the Canadian troops. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was the first battle that was fought by all four Canadian Corps division and was led by British general Julian Byng and under his command was Canadian general Arthur Currie. This attack on Vimy Ridge was very
North of the 38th parallel, in North Korea lies a serious of innocuous hills where some of the bloodiest fighting occurred during the Korean War. The forgotten war might be lost in the conscious of the American people, but the lessons learned on Heartbreak Ridge will forever be with the United States Army. The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge took place over a seven mile stretch of land that included three sharp peaks that were separated by steep valleys. The Battle lasted from September 13th 1951 to October 15th 1951 (Loudermilk, 2017, para. 1). This battle was the follow up to the Battle of Bloody Ridge where US forces claimed victory and pushed the Korean People’s Army (KPA) to Heartbreak Ridge. The US forces involved in this battle were the 2d Division, 23d Infantry Regiment, 9th Regiment, 38th Regiment, 3d Division, and 72nd Tank Battalion. The 38th Regiment was comprised of US and French troops (Encyclopedia reference). The opposing forces were the North Koreans and Chinese troops. The KPA included the 6th, 12th, and 13th Divisions, along with the Chinese CCF 204th Division and 68th Army (Loudermilk, 2017, para. 2). This is the area known as the
The First World War was a lengthy and brutal affair that claimed the lives of over 17 million individuals. Perhaps somewhat surprisingly, its effects were equally as ferocious on the intellectual front, where it marked a turning point in the clash of European intellectual values. Philosophers such as Nietzsche had already challenged established institutions of Positivistic thinking toward knowledge and progress; however, his movement lacked widespread support. It was the disaster of WWI that accelerated their movement by inspiring culture-wide undermining of prior intellectual beliefs through newfound uncertainty: authors such as Erich Remarque and Vera Brittain drew upon sudden doubt underscored by the war to completely reverse prior thinking by breaking down pre-war notions of intellectual
Today, Canada is seen as a multicultural and peaceful nation that has evolved over the course of history. This great nation would never have been possible without the impact that former Prime Minister, Lester B. Pearson left on this country. His achievements and insights profoundly affected and shaped Canada’s nation. First, peacekeeping is an important part of Canada’s heritage and a reflection of its fundamental beliefs that Pearson implemented after dealing with world changing situations and winning a Nobel Prize. Also, his contributions as a liberal leader as well as the flaws and controversy with Diefenbaker did in fact define this country. Lastly, Pearson created the Canadian identity by unveiling the new flag, bringing equality with
Canadian individual identity is questioned often because it is so diverse and means something different to each person in Canada. Although there is not a set identity there are many values and beliefs that are owned by all Canadians. To find out what Canadians identity is, one has to take into account what has affected it. The United States is the biggest influence on Canadian identity. The U.S. culture is very similar to Canadians as we are exposed to it all the time in media sources. The events in American history have also affected Canada from a political perspective, which lead to the Democracy that is present today. Another way the U.S. has affected Canada is from a military perspective because Americans are quick to jump to war and Canada has had to help control them which lead to them being peacekeepers. The United States helped mold the Canadian identity by being both a threat and support to the nation; this will continue into the 21st century but Canada will keep it’s unique identity.
World War One was a huge event in World History, and it is widely considered as a terrible thing although it may not be as bad as you may think. As time continues, society evolves. This centuries evolution could be inspired by and correlated alongside World War One. Seeing what Canada is today, it may not have been possible without the First World War. The First World War had the most significant impact on the Canadian nation, changing it for decades to come. This is evident because of how Canada could be less respected if it wasn’t for their war contributions, how women’s rights could have been different or non-existent, and how Canada could not have gained it’s independence from Britain. In conclusion, World War One impacted Canada greatly
Although many soldiers held their head high in victory and praise just a year later, in present day Canada, our nation has started to feel the grief and dark path
The impact of WW2 played a major role in helping Canada become a more strong, united nation, with equality, respect, and human rights. To begin with, before WWII there was lots of discrimination shown towards minority groups and many other cultures in Canada and because of this Canada created some inhumane mistakes. Canada allowed internment, allowed residential schools, and violation of human rights. When the Holocaust started it was like an eye opener for Canadians because they started to experience what the Holocaust underwent. This made Canadians realize that what they had done was wrong. As stated by Margaret Hoogeveen and Sarah Murdoch in the book Creating Canada “During WW2 Canadians experienced the worst violence that war can
A few years ago, in the spring and summer of 2012, Canada as a nation celebrated the 200th anniversary of the War of 1812. In Ontario especially, where some of the most prominent battles took place, the remembrance of this war is vital to the preservation of the country’s history. The battle is celebrated and given special importance by Canadian authorities and historical societies and specific battles are frequently re-enacted by local groups at various forts within the country.
The Civil War began on April 12,1861 and ended on April 9, 1865. This four year battle had more than 50 major battles occurred during this tragic time in history. On March 6, 1862 - March 8, 1862 an important battle took place that left the Union Army with a good strategical position for the rest of the war. This battle was fought in Pea Ridge, Arkansas. This battle is known as the The Battle of Pea Ridge. This key battle of the Civil War was led by General Samuel R. Curtis of the Union and General Earl Van Dorn of the Confederates.
Militia Myths has expanded the history of Canadian opinion on the citizen soldier and also the historiography of Canadian opinion on the citizen soldier. Militia Myths praises part of the previous historiography of Canadian opinion on the citizen soldier and builds upon it. As stated in Militia Myths the Armed Forces of Canada is frequently portrayed as irrelevant and inferior prior to the First World War. However the militia and defense periodicals discussed in Militia Myths demonstrate a unique military culture in Canada despite sharing similarities with the cultures of other nations such as Britain and the United States. Militia Myths praises Carman Miller's Painting the Map Red and Carl Berger's The Sense of Power for demonstrating this Canadian militarism. However neither of those works or any other works have
Subject: Battle of Normandy in the summer of 1944, between the Allied nations and German forces occupying Western Europe. More than 60 years later, the Normandy Invasion, or D-Day, remains the largest seaborne invasion in history, involving nearly three million troops crossing the English Channel from England to Normandy in occupied France.