Behaviourism Theory Vs Behaviorist Theory

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In this essay I will be comparing the identity theory to the behaviorist’s theory.
Both theories are similar in the sense that they are of the monists (physicalism) view but they do vary in many other ways that I will point out in the duration of my essay.
I do believe that the behaviorist theory is the better argument for reasons I will outline in this essay.

The identity theory

The identity theory refers to the understanding that the mind and the brain are identical. They say that mental processes are the same thing as brain processes. This gives us a better explanatory role with causation regarding mental states. According to the identity theory, the “Mind” and the “Brain” refer to one object (the physical brain). (Anthony Oyowe, personal
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So how can we explain this since the theory suggests that if the brain were to be disturbed, the mental functions would be too? To avoid this problem they first devised a 'token-token theory' which stated that particular mental states are identical to a wide variety of brain states. But with this view, we cannot have a common science of the brain about which mental states are identical to which brain states. And so they came up with a 'type-type theory': For a certain type of mental state will always be identical to a certain type of physical event (Anthony Oyowe, personal communication, March 11, 2015). That way, even if part of your brain is destroyed, functionality will still exist in other regions of the brain.
It is obvious that not only humans, but many different species of animals can, for example, experience pain. However, it seems highly unlikely that all of these diverse organisms with the same pain experience are in the identical brain state. And if this is the case, then pain cannot be identical to a specific brain state. The identity theory is thus empirically unfounded (Putnam, Hilary,
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We seem to have direct access to our own minds. We don't have to look at our behavior to decide how we are feeling. Also, people can fake their way through pain, so if their outwardly behavior suggests that they are not in pain, but they are actually feeling pain, this theory cannot be correct. We can’t explain actions of a person only through behavior (jessica Lerm, personal communication, March 26, 2015). Sometimes the reactions people demonstrate are not a true reflection of what he is truly thinking, some people my smile when they are upset, for example, and others may not say ouch when they are feeling
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