The psychodynamic and behaviourist model are two opposing perspectives in psychology, both serve to understand the processes that govern behaviour as to resolve mental disease in very distinct ways. Firstly, central to the psychodynamic model; biological drives are the prerequisite from which all behaviour stems. Freud highlights that the unconscious is not readily accessible to the self, to this end it undermines the concept of free-will. Raising many questions, it proposes that if one’s individuality is determined by the conflict within the tripartite of mind throughout the psychosexual stages of infancy; to what extent is free-will available? This issue also arises within the behaviourist model.
All mental behavior had an unconscious cause. He believed in talking and listening to a individual talking about their unconscious personality’s. So, they could work out their problems rather than giving them medicine or a lobotomy. advantages of psychodynamic is that it made the case study popular. It emphasizes the importance of childhood because it explains how certain mental diseases and trauma starts from childhood.
These do not stand for physical areas of the brain, but more of the mental functions. ID translates to instincts, Ego is reality and Superego is morality. These three central functioning's make up “… the personality—instinctual needs, rational thinking, and moral standards.” (Ronald J. Comer). Dwight Schrute has a very poor ego, which in turn off-sets his ID and Ego. According to Sigmund Freud, these principles are what operate the unconscious mind.
While not as widely considered today, early investigations into trichotillomania were based on the psychodynamic model. Theorists believed that the disorder “expressed a conflict between genital-stage sexual impulse and the repressive functions of the ego and superego” (Penzel, 2000). From this perspective, compulsive hair-pulling is seen as a coping mechanism to defend the individual from early sexual impulses. If this conflict is not appropriately addressed, the individual may carry this behavior into later life and use it to cope with any source of stress or anxiety. This, again, is very comparable to how psychodynamic theorists account for OCD and related stress behaviors, perhaps indicating that trichotillomania is closely related to OCD.
The articles The Myth of Mental Illness and Road Rage: Recognizing a Psychological Disorder addressed the issue of mental illness in two completely different contexts. Both authors agreed that societal context plays a large role in classifying what is “mental illness”. In The Myth of Mental Illness, Thomas S. Szasz was critical and sceptical of the definition of mental illness. Mental illness was defined as a deviation in behaviour from psychological, ethical or legal norms. He then proceeded to ask the reader, “Who defines the norms and hence the deviation?” He claimed that it is the society that decides what is considered as the norm, implying the significance of society in the classification of mental illness.
Shermer and Prinze consider the role of emotions as base of morals, however Bloom considers that morals are based on reasoning. Even though Bloom gives reasonable arguments about morals based on reasoning, morals actually based on emotions like Shermer and Prinze say because emotions are more dominant than reasoning. Morals are learned through emotional conditioning. Babies do not have enough developments
An objection towards our will being based in our psychology could be that some people who have been diagnosed with mental disorders do not have a sound state of mind. Therefore their will may be not being decided by their true desires and thus leading their subsequent morality into the same negative direction as Nietzsche argued religion lead us
Psychoanalytical Psychotherapies and Adlerian psychotherapy are comparable; first they both have evolved from psychoanalysis in conceptualized and framed psychoanalytic. Second, both also, believe that early development considerably influences continuing development. Finally, both theories may predispose the learner to understand early development significantly change continuing development. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapies and Adlerian psychotherapy are different in that psychoanalytic psychotherapies are motivated by our imaginations, desires, or out tacit knowledge that 's outside or one 's awareness also known as unconscious motivations. Whereas Adlerian psychotherapy believed holism that people should not break into parts.
Freud's theories and research methods were controversial during his life and still are today, but few dispute his tremenWhat I understood by archetypes is that they are inborn behavior tendencies which shape the human behavior. Jung main archetypes are not 'types' in the way that each person may be classified as one or the other. Rather, we each have all basic archetypes within us. They are based in the observation of differing but repeating patterns of thought and action that re-appear time and again across people and different places, like in the form of some old myth, symbols, etc. An archetype is like a model image of a person or role and includes the mother figure, father, wise old man and clown/joker, amongst others.
Sigmund Freud. He introduced the psychodynamic theory. It stated that human behavior is motivated by one’s aggressive and sexual drives and that childhood experiences form our personality. The clear weakness in this theory, however, is the fact that it lacks any scientific credibility. You cannot test one’s mind processes with the scientific method.