The ship had taken on more slaves than it could safely transport. Losing more than sixty Africans and nearly half of the Zong’s crew to illness, Capt. Collingwood ordered all infected individuals to be thrown into the ocean. Collingwood claimed, “deaths were ‘perils of sea’.” Collingwood claimed the loss against the insurance policy: Luke Collingwood knew that if sick slaves died a natural death from diseases such as dysentery, smallpox, or dropsy…the loss would be that of the ship’s owners (and Collingwood himself would have to bear some of it). If slaves had to be thrown alive into the sea to protect the safety of the ship and crew, the law stated that
The Slave Trade was a very brutal thing. Slaves were treated worse than most animals, and had no rights at all. They were shipped off in exchange for raw materials that usually had very little value at all. These human beings were sometimes stolen by their neighbours, or even their family members to be sold. Their way of life was absolutely terrible.
After the British and French war, Peters’s family, hundred members of the Black Guides and Pioneers evacuated from New York to Nova Scotia. However, “in Nova Scotia the dream of life, liberty, and happiness became a nightmare. Some 3,000 ex-slaves found that they were segregated in impoverished villages, given small scraps of often untillable land, desprived of rights normally extended to British subjects, and reduced to peonage by a white population whose racism was as congealed as the frozen winter soil of Nova Scotia.” (Nash 7). At this new place, African Americans were treated really badly. The whites would call out African Americans by saying racist things and not accept them more than slaves.
I also started jotting down the extremely inhumane punishment inflicted against the free Africans who messed around on the plantations there. I started realizing that free blacks in some ways were worse off than slaves, unfortunately. Since they had no master to look out for them, and no opportunities for work or to make a life. Master King and Captain Thomas Farmer took me as a sailor on several of their voyages, in which I distinguished myself from the rest of the slaves. One day Master King and Captain Farmer accused me once of planning an escape, which I had never planned to do but I had evidence of loyalty which destroyed their fears of me running away.
The importation of slaves was nationally prohibited in 1808, although illegal smuggling was not usual. Domestic slave trading continued at a rapid pace. Slaves suffered a variety of fatal maladies due to the Atlantic slave trade, and due to the inhumane living and working conditions. Common symptoms would be beriberi, pellagra, tetany, rickets, and kwashiorkor.. In 1619 a ship “The White Lion” had captured about 20 enslaved Africans in a battle with the spanish ship.
Many slaves being shipped to America had been betrayed by their own race, kidnapped and sold into slavery. The conditions on the ship were horrendous and each man was chained to an area and given about six feet long by fifteen inches wide. The boats were extremely packed with close corners and no bathroom, and women or children got even less space than the men. Many a times, the crew tried to justify the chaining by stating the it was a form of protection to avoid an uprising. In one of the examples Rediker gave, the slave ship, with Captain Tomba, who was known for brutal beatings including whipping, handing out cruel punishments to scare the other slaves into not acting out.
After five years of service, the servant would gain their freedom. Servitude was not easy for every servant, especially since cruel treatment of servants was not uncommon. Captain Bradnox was notorious for his harsh treatment of his servants. He was known to beat and starve his servants, along with his wife, Mistress Bradnox. "Thomas Watson, another servant, died under the circumstances that made it
The individuals who were slaves were "captured in warfare, some were debtors, others were criminals" (Clark, 16). The slavery was temporary and never passed down to the child. As well as, the slaves can work into their freedom, and the slaves can get married into the family that held them. There were bad parts to this type of slavery as well because some slaves were sacrificial death, woman and children were in demand for labor or even any sexual purpose. Even though this is bad on its own the Triangular Trade is deemed much worse for multiple reasons.
“I had never seen among people such instances of brutal cruelty (Equaino 56).” Cruelty was not only shown towards blacks but also among whites. The British were people of such noble and high standards, but they were seeking to low levels by enslaving humans just as the rest of the world. The horrors that occurred during the middle passage are detailed as gruesome and appalling. Inhumanity was a major issue during the middle passage. Slaves were treated as property with little value.
It is similar to the feeling of being underestimated. The brave Africans were underestimated and were not valued and perhaps up to this day, they are racially discriminated by immoral, rude individuals and dreadful communities. Millions of Africans were captured and sent to America as slaves. Also, they were sold and traded as if they weren’t living. They aren’t just robbed out from their homelands but their souls and beliefs are also judged.
Slaves were introduced to unknown diseases and suffered from malnutrition long before they reached their destination. Many of the Africans preferred death over slavery. As Olaudah Equiano mentions, some men that were traveling with him jumped to the ocean to reach death, but did not succeed. The death of the Africans meant economic loss for the traders, so maintaining them alive before selling them, was a rough
After people were arrested they were leased to companies in the south as a work force until their sentence ended. Some prisoners, were even worked to death because they worked all day in unsafe conditions. When there was a large work force needed, authorities would arrest large numbers of people to work. Since the prisoners weren’t looked as property they were treated worse than the slaves had been treated, making it worse than
(Holton, 66) Most slave imports were sold on credit due to Virginia’s money crises. The Currency Act—which made printing legal paper tender illegal—did nothing to help alleviate the problem. (Holton, 62) Even big-shot, wealthy growers were unable to make some purchases without using credit. The problem was only more intense for the poor Virginian farmers, who made almost all purchases (especially slaves) on credit. It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent.
The voyage they took in the boats was dreadful(Slavery in America). The Africans were crammed into the smallest of spaces with many other people for days at a time without seeing sunlight(Slavery in America). Then when they got to America they were forced into service. (Slavery in America) If they disobeyed their owner they were beaten or whipped (Slavery in America). The Africans were slaves for life and if they had children, their children were slaves also(slavery in America).
The sugar act, which was passed a little under a year ago, already made things very hard on the family and this would just make matters worse. The sugar act put taxes on sugar and molasses. The Cranes ' were not very happy about this second act that Britain was enacting. Everything was extremely hard on Bruce Crane because he did not earn a lot with his job at the local iron factory. He had to support himself, his wife Janet Crane, and his three children, Alice, age 13, Ella, age 9 and their 5 month old brother, Oliver.