1860 through 1877 America witnessed a bloody war that resulted in several constitutional and social developments, all attempting to break the established black subordination social order prevalent in the South. By 1877 the Civil War and Reconstruction had ended, and the social revolution had failed. There are two key parts to a revolution: force, and its use to bring a new order to society. There was certainly force during this time period, with Confederate lost and the Union’s military presence in the conquered land, the South had no choice but to accept the Constitutional Amendments and other acts that Congress had passed. However, for every policy that Congress had forced on the South, there was a loophole or an act of violence that fought against it. The black subordination social order had remained, unbroken by the abolishment of slavery or the Amendments that followed. The first sign of an attempt at a new social order was seen in Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation of 1862, where slavery was legally abolished in the Union states. Paired with Union victory at Antietam, emancipation looked to be a serious threat to the well-established institution of slavery in the Confederacy, or Southern states. In 1865 Congress had approved the Thirteenth Amendment; it …show more content…
Its failure was firmly secured in 1873 when the Supreme Court began to undermine the Constitutional Amendments and the Civil Rights Act in the Slaughter-House Cases. Military and political force was used in an attempt to give slaves equal rights to the white man. However, the actions of the South had stopped that from happening. Slaves were free but they were trapped in plantation labor. They could vote but many could not. They were equal to whites but in many ways were not. The constitutional developments failed to bring a social revolution, and the actions of the stubborn South and the Supreme Court would pave the way for segregation in the
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Despite these efforts, the white Southerners resisted strongly by trying to control the black population in the South. They were able to maintain economic dominance on the freed slaves by the sharecropping system. As times went by, Northerners become exhausted from the Southern resistance and they had their own growing concerns such as economic Panic of 1873; they had increasingly become disinterested in the freed black populations in the South. The South was also able to regain political control back in the region through violence and intimidation. As a result, they were able to regain some political power in the congress.
The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, declared that all slaves in Confederate-held territory were to be set free. However, it wasn't until the 13th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1865 that slavery
On April 8, 1864, the 13 amendment passed the Senate and passed the House of Congress on January 31, 1865. The 13th amendment declared freedom for all African-American slaves. Passing the 13th amendment cause the South to disagree with the North and the President of 1860, Abraham
Without the many disparities that whites continuously pointed out during this time period, there would be equality throughout the nation between African Americans and caucasians. First and foremost, whites and blacks were seen as exact opposites of each other. In other words, whites were known as superior to all others, while blacks were known as inferior. Think about how blacks were treated outside court rooms. There
The President would then draft the Emancipation Proclamation in July of 1862, which would ultimately come to destroy slavery. It would later be released in September and would then be signed by Lincoln the following January. After the signing, abolitionists were fearful that the Presidents signature would not carry enough weight to truly end slavery. And while being partially correct, the president’s signature was enough to get the ball rolling.
Although the “free” North abolished slavery, the idea of white supremacy was dominant. ‘“...We are of another race and he is inferior. Let him know his place - and keep it.’” (Doc B) The spread of the abolition of slavery throughout the United States began in 1777 through 1865 and sparked the limits of determining a black person’s freedom.
In retrospect, the history of the antebellum America is quite fascinating. During this period, the young republic faced several challenges. One of the most serious ones was the slavery issue. Reading the related materials, people might understand that the Founding Fathers had actually pondered about the solution to the issue; however, they did not pursue it because they foresaw possible turmoil in American politics. Unfortunately, the issue kept simmering until it reached the boiling point which resulted in the disastrous Civil War.
The 13th amendment was passed by the congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on december 6, 1865. President Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” The Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation But it started to help abolishing slavery and making it and
In view of the south, segregation played a major role there. Separation really changed the life of the south even in education. All the schools were assumed to separate the colored and the non-colored. The separation system wasn’t as you as equal as you thought. For example; if they come a time where there is not enough money to build two schools, only the school for white children would be built.
A first effect of the Civil war were the new Amendments made in favor of African Americans. The first was the thirteenth Amendment. The emancipation proclamation that Lincoln had put in place only banned slavery out of his jurisdiction. After the Civil war however, the thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude -involuntary slavery- in U.S, except for a crime punishment. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, then by the House on January 31, 1865.
Reconstruction a Failure or Success? Throughout the years, America has gone through many different political changes. Many presidents selected with different plans for our future. Sadly, many of those objectives have failed or came to an end.
On 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary emancipation proclamation, and on 1863, he made it official that “slaves within any State, or designated part of a State in rebellion shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free”. The 13th Amendment officially abolished slavery, but freed blacks’ status in the post-war South remained dangerous, and significant challenges
It was not until 1865 that this preliminary Emancipation Proclamation that he proposed to congress at the time, which we know as the 13th amendment, was passed. Abraham Lincoln was strongly against slavery and spoke his mind about it. The 13th amendment was one of the most powerful and influential amendments to have ever been written and passed in our country. The passing of this amendment meant an ending of slavery. Even though the 13th amendment was passed, racism and segregation still played a major role in the lives of repressed groups and is an even bigger role in today’s society.