Hagedorn reveals that in 1994, six states with the highest immigrant populations in the U.S. filed for reimbursement from the federal government, claiming that the high numbers of illegal immigrants residing in those states had a negative economic impact on the state as a whole. The federal government responded by saying that reimbursing the states may actually encourage illegal immigration, and any states helping the immigrants financially do so voluntarily and at their own risk (Hagedorn, 272-3). This situation flips the previous dilemmas around – the federal government actually left the state governments to deal with immigration on their own here, and offered no help. Unfortunately, this leaves the states in a very difficult position – allowing the undocumented immigrants to remain in the state poses the threat of crippling the state financially, but forcibly removing the immigrants from their homes would have an impact on general citizen welfare. Not only were the states stuck in an uncomfortable situation, but also the likelihood of the state governments being able to forcibly remove undocumented immigrants from the state is close to zero.
Throughout the history of border control in the United States, racial discrimination has been a huge factor in trying to capture and intimidate culprits who may try to commit illegal activities in the United States. Starting on May 28, 1924, Congress established the Border Patrol as part of the Immigration Bureau in the Department of Labor through the Labor Appropriation Act of 1924. ( this is where you look up dates and shit about when border control from the U.S. began etc). In the article “U.S. to Continue Racial, Ethnic Profiling in Border Policy”, By Matt Apuzzo and Michael S. Schmidt, is an article that presents the current situation of laws that are inflicting major changes upon how officials will govern the U.S. border from now on. In the
The border between the United States and Mexico is nearly 2,000 miles long. Over the past few years, the United States had form a policy called Secure Fence Act to prevent drug sellers and terrorists out of America (Clifford). The act constructed fences to cover about one third of the border between Mexico and America along California, New Mexico, Texas and so on. Unfortunately, there were less environmental considerations when making the policy. The Los Angeles Times reported that in additional to build the fences, the United States government has been eluded over thirty environmental and cultural laws (Campbell).
In "Migra! A History of the U.S Border Patrol", By Kelly Lytle Hernandez, she explores the controversial issue today known as the dissension that surrounds our border with Mexico. Hernandez also outlines the policies and ideology of the U.S Border Patrol that were discovered and really brought out in the early 1920s to the late 1920s. She does a detailed research on the beginning to what becomes the authorized United States Border Patrol.
Since the oversight of the border control was regained during President Clinton admiration, smuggler became known more heavily. The number of smuggled illegals was at an all-time high during 1993 to 1996. Smuggler began to cross illegals over the border as a new source of business. This new issue affected the economic integration, many illegals found jobs off the books, which did not contributed to taxes and tax payer. The issue faced by this smugglers was that many for those who enter the United States where here at one point.
In 1872 and 890 Congress passed laws restricting illegal immigration of people, criminals, prostitutes, mentally ill and unstable people. Over the years the immigration scale has been broken and is trying to be restored. Even though the U.S border is well secured. Today the U.S has over 42.1 million immigrants. The Western Frontier and Immigration have a few similarities and differences.
Lee’s meeting with Mexico’s officials led to discussions of border security to include the problems with immigration, national security, human trafficking, gun trafficking, and the importance of U.S. and Mexico diplomatic relations were all emphasized and consolidated into the presentation of the H.R. 1417, also known as the Border Security Results Act. This legislation outlined the required support from the Secretary of Homeland Security to develop a comprehensive strategy to gain and maintain operational control of the international borders of the United States, and for other purposes. Lee states when the nation refers to border security, efforts are expected from both sides that make up the border. The relationship among allies play as a key asset in the attempts to control the borders as well as protect its economy and its people (Congresswoman Jackson Lee Meets with Mexican Government Officials About Border Security, Human Trafficking and Immigration, 2014, para 1-3). With Lee at the wheel and leading the charge in the overall fight against the
The Devil’s Highway, by Luis Alberto Urrea is the true story of 26 men who attempted to cross the Mexican border through the bleak Sonora Desert in May of 2001. Urrea describes the lives of the men who attempted to cross, what happened to them, and the response of the people working on the border and who encountered them. He explores the issue by describing both the personal experiences of people trying to emigrate from Mexico to the U.S., and of people working on the border. The story was made both realistic and compelling through the information gathered and research conducted for a full year prior to writing the story.
The CBP Border Patrol Agency was formed on May 28, 1924. Mounted watchmen of the U.S. Immigration service patrolled the border trying to prevent illegal from coming into the United States as early as 1904. They operated out of El Paso, Texas. They Patrolled all the way to West California trying to prevent illegal Chinese immigrants from entering the United States. They were called Mounted Watchmen of the U.S. Immigration Service before they changed their name to United States Border Patrol (USBP). Their original purpose was to protect the border from any illegal from crossing, but they mainly focused on the Chinese immigrants from trying to avoid the Chinese exclusion laws. Their mission is to detect and prevent illegal aliens, drugs, terrorist, and terrorist weapons, including weapons of mass destruction from entering the U.S. Their primary mission remains unchanged to detect and prevent the illegal entry of aliens into the United States with the help of other law enforcement officers.
In The Divide, author Matt Taibbi conveyed to the reader the daily experiences in which illegal immigrants must undergo in order to remain in the United States. Because local law enforcement and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) started rapidly increasing the number of deported immigrants, local businesses that depended on the immigrant workforce felt dramatic effects. Even though business production slowed, ICE continued deporting illegal immigrants. Additionally, Our justice system realized the injustice of 287(g). According to the American Immigration Council, all local law enforcement were given the power to arrest, interrogate, or deport illegal immigrants, much like ICE officers.
The mission statement for the Department of Homeland Security was developed after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. It was immediately evident that our country was vulnerable to attacks from within and from outside of our borders. The White House acted quickly and within 11 days appointed Pennsylvania Governor, Tom Ridge, the first Director of Homeland Security in the White House (Homeland Security, 2015). Their mission statement is as follows: “The vision of homeland security is to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards” (Homeland Security, 2015). It is largely focused on federal preparations to deal with terrorism while trying to manage other duties including border security, customs and emergency management.
In Rachel St. John’s book, “Line in the Sand: A History of the Western U.S.-Mexico Border,” the author offers up “a history of how and why the border changed” (St. John 1). This is her central thesis that she presents, providing evidence and historical context concerning the border and its changes over the course of the late 1800s to the mid-1900s. In seven chapters plus and introduction providing more general information and a conclusion that brings the U.S.-Mexico border situation into the present day, Rachel St. John’s focus is both periodical and geographical. St. John moves across both space and time in her book, looking at how region and era affected the border situation and how these effects differed in significance. St. John takes
In the book, Urrea describes the harmful treatment illegal immigrants often experience as they attempt to cross the border. Although Border Patrol agents should treat immigrants humanely, Urrea states there are stories “of Border Patrol men taking prisoners out into the wasteland and having their way with them…. It’s the tawdry legacy of the human hunt—ill will on all sides” (17). Urrea claims these terrible actions and attitudes toward immigrants are a continuous pattern, and he uses stories from the past to prove this cycle. During the Civil War, thousands of Chinese workers were brought from Mexico to the U.S. to
Miller also provides a historical overview of the native residents of the Tohono O’odham Tribal Nation. The Tohono O’odham Nation lies on the border between the United States and Mexico. It has become the frontline in America’s battle for border surveillance. The border surveillance apparatus has impacted the O’odhamians whose aboriginal land extends well into Mexico and has been bisected by an international boundary they never wanted. To strengthen his argument, he gathered a considerable number of anecdotes from Indians, where they claimed that the residents have experienced the human rights violations by the Border Patrol agents including bodily injuries and verbal threats He also mentioned tail gating, blinding spotlights, arrests and deportations
Native-American Acculturation 23 9. Current Problems 26 10. Police enounters with Citizens