Harry H. Laughlin’s Influence on Nazi Sterilization Law Harry H. Laughlin was a leading eugenicist in the eugenics movement of the United States, the first major eugenics movement in the world. However, the idea of eugenics has been around since ancient times. In his Republic, Plato suggested the idea of selective mating to strengthen the guardian (upper) class of the time, but it was in Great Britain that ‘eugenics’ was created. Sir Francis Galton, cousin to Charles Darwin, first coined the term eugenics in his book Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development, taking it from the Greek word eugenes, meaning “good in stock.” Galton encouraged the bettering of the human race through selective breeding, regulating marriages so people
Subaltern is a word used for someone of inferior military rank in the British army, which was originated from the combination of the Latin terms “Under” (sub) and “other” (alter) (Abrams 306). Antonio Gramsci, an Italian Marxist first used the term Subaltern for the unified inclusion of all subordinated and oppressed fractions of society. Chandra’s Death is an essay serialized in Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society. Ranajit Guha, an Indian Historian, was born in 1923, to a family of prosperous landowners in East Bengal. He moved to Calcutta for his university education, and became heavily caught up in the left wing student milieu of the 1940s.
About the Author: Victor Witter Turner (May 28,1920-December 18,1983) was a British cultural anthropologist. He is well known for his works on rituals, symbols and rites of passage. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, to Norman and Violet Turner. After serving in WW 2, he got interested in studying anthropology. Later he worked as research officer for the Rhodes Livingstone Institute for Sociological which was founded in 1938 by a group of researcher from Victoria University of Manchester to study the ways in which permanent and satisfactory relationships can be established between natives and non-natives of South Africa.
Name- Chofia Basumatary Programme- MA English Assimilation of the Poetic Self with that of the City as seen in Osip Mandelstam’s works Osip Mandelstam is undeniably one of the most significant and noteworthy Russian poet of the twentieth century. Born in Warsaw, Poland in 1891 to a leather merchant, his family soon moved to St. Petersburg, Russia. Although he joined the prestigious Tenishev School and later the Sorbonne in Paris and the University of Heidelberg in Germany, but left studies in favor of writing as early as in the 1910s and soon enough rose to the ranks of the most remarkable writers such as Nikolay Gumilev, Mikhail Kuzmin, Anna Akhmatova, and Georgiy Ivanov. For years the end of his life was so obscured by rumor, conjecture, and deliberate falsehood that one could be sure only of the fact that he had perished. Mandelstam's first selection of poems appeared in a major journal, the August 1910 issue of the Petersburg Apollon.
Rudyard Kipling’s The Man Who Would Be King was written in 1888 and is an allegory of the British Imperialism in India during the 1800’s. Kipling lived during this time and there are parallels between his story and elements British imperialism in India such as conquering with advanced technology, making alliances with previous rulers, and exploiting the land for resources. Granted that the British didn’t leave India until the 1950’s, Kipling didn’t see the movement end, yet he had an opinion that he expressed in his work. Kipling’s opinion of British imperialism, that is inefficient and immoral, is seen in his novella through satire; for example, he portrays the British as two foolish men who face misfortune after they form their kingdom, which they are only able to rule after the people see them as gods. Compared to other allegorical satires, this is an extremity that wouldn’t be present unless the author had a strong criticism against it.
Theme Of Crime And Punishment In John Galworthy’s Justice Introduction John Galsworthy was born at Kingston near London on 14th August 1867. The son of a wealthy London solicitor and property owner, he was educated at Harrow and at New College, Oxford, where he studied law. He went on to Lincoln‘s Inn and in 1890 was called to the Bar. This legal training strengthened his natural tendency to judicious impartiality. For example, in Justice we note how he takes up the problem of the justness of criminal justice, in the way it is administered in the law courts of modern civilized societies .
Lev Vygotsky was a Jewish-Russian Developmental Psychologist who was born on in 1896 and died at the age of thirty-eight in 1934. Vygotsky dominated interests in human beings, speech and writing was likely influenced by his education in literature and cultural history at Moscow University. Vygotsky saw how both cultural and social forces played an important role in the development of a human’s mind. His work was almost unknown to the west until his book “Thoughts and Language” was first translated and published in English in 1960. Piaget was born during roughly the same time as Vygotsky, and his work was more prominat at the time.
The most outstanding theorist of systems in sociology — Niklas Luman. He has developed sociological approach which unites elements of a structural functionalism of T. Parsons with the general theory of systems and has attracted concepts of biology and cybernetics. Luman considers that the system is always less difficult, than her external environment. Therefore systems develop new subsystems and establish between them various ratios to interact with the environment. Systems have to reduce complexity, otherwise they aren 't capable to function.
Since he has a likeable character he was invited to help study and put together the huge puzzle that they had found. On May 8, 1926 David Frederick Attenborough was born into a family of 7. His mother was Mary Attenborough and his father was Frederick Attenborough. They got married in 1922. Frederick Attenborough was the principal of the University of Leicester and was also a the author of ”The Laws of the Earliest English Kings” and ”Laws of the Earliest English Kings - Scholar's Choice Edition”.
complexity ' .12 What the book achieved was the sense that such a tradition existed. It was mainly a British tradition because industrial revolution began in England, but Williams suggested that comparable changes happened in other societies. Words can be objects of cultural and social investigation: philology is not simply buried in the dust of ancient texts, it carries on the work of social history and the history of technologies. The same work is done by Lucien Febvre, one of the founders, together with Marc Bloch, of the Annales: in an article of 1928, he analysed the transformations of the term frontiere (border), the way in which, in the sixteenth century, its dominant meaning ceased to be architectonic and military as it came increasingly to signify the demarcation between countries. 13