Personality is one of the main areas of psychology research. Over the years, researchers developed theories trying to explain how people are different and similar. Personality traits were grouped together to be determinants of more general traits such as Extraversion, Agreeableness or Neuroticism. The traits were tested for various correlations. All this to better understand why people behave the way they do and how big impact does the personality have on behaviour.
It utilises scientific method of testing evidence as randomised control trials, control groups and results from statistics and calculations based on numbered data (Ferguson, 2008). The purpose is to make practitioners use empirically-tested methods of practice that will allow practitioners to evaluate their own work (Allan, Briskman & Pease, 2009). Evidence-based practice can be useful in many context, especially when combined with qualitative research methods (Ferguson, 2008). However, it has many limitations in social work. It tends to prioritise the views of the researchers and fails to reflect the voices of service users.
In the biological unit, we analyzed the functions of the brain, hormones and neurotransmitters and human behavior which are just a few of the examples that concluded in a consensus providing individuals with robust knowledge of the course. In the sociocultural level of analysis, we discussed topics such as stereotypes, culture, social identity, conformity, and compliance. Many research studies have been performed regarding these topics resulting in a consensus and providing individuals with accurate knowledge of the subject matter. A topic that is widely debated in the biological unit and is contradicted by many psychologists' experiments that we evaluated is the theory of whether or not intelligence is inherited or developed over time. In the sociocultural unit, we examined the social cognitive learning theory which states that behavior from members of a group, is based on the observed consequences of that behavior; this theory was developed by Albert Bandura and is proven to be a valid theory resulting in consensus and
Both approaches experimentations generally tend to be conducted in the laboratory, for example the cognitive approach conducts memory experiments under strictly controlled conditions and the biological approach removes part of the brain to see the effect it has on a person’s behaviour. They also share certain contributions to society such as the therapy application. The biological approach would use drug treatments or electroconvulsive therapy for various mental disorders e.g. depression or schizophrenia while the cognitive approach would use Ellis’s rational emotive therapy which would change the way someone thinks and how they perceive depression. A further contribution they share is in education.
Additionally, specific patterns and biases an individual uses when forming impressions based on a limited amount of initial information about an unfamiliar person. While on the other hand, there are parts of the impression formation process that are context dependent, individuals also tend to exhibit certain tendencies in forming impressions variety of situations. There is not one single implicit personality theory used, but different approaches the task of impression formation in his or her own unique way. Moreover, there are some components of implicit personality theories that are consistent across individuals, or within groups of similar individuals. These components are of particular interest to social psychologists because they have the potential to give insight into what impression one person will form of another (Millon, 2003).
So it is very important for psychologist to determine the personality of the individual so that they can use individual’s some kind of strength against or to solve their problems. The personality measurement can also be useful in determining the right person for the important jobs (Potkay, 1986) . The test through which the personality can be measured are of two types: Projective tests. Non-projective tests. PROJECTIVE TEST: Projection comes when an individual puts himself in the experiment to reveals facts, desires, and defects of himself to others.
Social psychologists study people’s interactions with one another, relationship, social perception, social cognition, and attitudes. Social psychologists would be interested in this article because it talks about one of the basic part of human interaction. Names are supposed to identify different individuals, but it seems that people have trouble remembering them. If social psychologist learns more about this phenomena, they might be able to find ways to improve people 's memory on this subject. Another type of psychologist that would be interested in this would be a learning psychologist.
They suggest in altering strains, to make them less conducive to committing crime and or possibly remove individuals from strains. "It is also possible to reduce exposure to strains by working with individuals. Equipping them with the skills and resources or teaching them on interpreting the social environment, in ways that minimize violence. Finally, we can control crime by reducing their exposure to situations conducive to crime." However, our research is subject to some limitations, we only surveyed college students specifically on social sciences department.