Carl Roger's Theory Of Holistic Analysis

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1.1
Explain the historical development of one major therapeutic model, including the people influential in it 's development.
Carl. R. Rogers (1902-1987) is the psychologist whose name is synonymous with the person-centred approach to counselling (Hough, 2006, pg.118)
Rogers was born in Chicago on the 8th of January in 1902 he was the fourth child of the six children his parents had.
Rogers was usually teased by his older siblings which made him become a bit of a recluse and he would turn to reading books which would help him build up his intelligence.
Due to his parents religious beliefs his education was in a strict religious environment as an altar boy, which meant he didn 't really have much of a social life and he became more isolated.
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When he returned home he decided to enrol on an introduction to psychology class which he successfully graduated from.
In 1928 Rogers became employed as a Psychologist in the child study department of the society for the prevention of cruelty to children in Rochester, and during this time he worked with a lot of children with a wide range of problems and in 1930 he became the director.
During his time at Rochester Rogers began to question the counsellor led idea to therapy and he began to develop his own ideas about counselling.
It was at this point Rogers was influenced by the work of Otto Rank and one of his students Jessie Taft who worked within relationship therapy and focused on the patients self-insight and self-acceptance instead of concentrating on the past.
In 1940 Rogers was the professor of psychology at the University of Ohio and his students encouraged him to share his own views on counselling.
Rogers did this in his 1942 book Counselling and Psychotherapy, and in this book Rogers popularised the term client for the person receiving counselling.
Also in the book he introduced his non-directive form of counselling, he believed the client had the ability to grow and change and it was the client themselves who understood inside what was causing them pain and preventing them from reaching their
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