Gerald Rosenberg begins his book by posing the questions he will attempt to answer for the reader throughout the rest of the text: Under what conditions do courts produce political and social change? And how effective have the courts been in producing social change under such past decisions as Roe v. Wade and Brown v. Board of Education? He then works to define some of the principles and view points 'currently' held about the US Supreme court system.
Despite the Constrained Courts view that courts are insufficient in producing social change, “it does not deny the possibility” (Rosenburg 21). When the right factors are in place and certain conditions in favor of the case’s outcome, courts can be a powerful institution in promoting justice (Hall 2). The Court’s effectiveness relies on the institutional capacities as well as the ruling’s popularity. When lower-court judges comply with Supreme Court decisions, rulings can have a substantial effect on social policies, as in the case
The information revolution is sweeping through our economy. No company can escape its effects. Dramatic reductions in the cost of obtaining, processing, and transmitting information are changing the way we do business. “To get ahead in today’s business world, a company must utilize the right resources. One of the most effective, of course, is information technology (IT), which has become an essential tool for businesses across many industries” (2013). Information technology is more than just computers. Today, information technology must be conceived of broadly to encompass the information that businesses create and use as well as a wide spectrum of increasingly convergent and linked technologies that process the information. In addition to
Globalization is the inclusion of the differents values socio-cultural and economic local from one country to another, through their relationships exchanged a series of products and knowledge that extend and increase their ideological and economic situation.
Postmodernism is said to be culture increasingly dominated by space and spatial logic (Smart, 1993). A cultural configuration which is constituted in and through complete relationships with a new generation of technologies which themselves are articulated with emergence of a new global economic formation (Smart, 1993). According to Bradlely (1997) cited in Thompson& McHugh (2009) “In contemporary economy, an increasing number of work have become feminized. Women have displaced men in labor market”. Most organizations & their structure bureaucracy in particular can be considered as gendered reflecting to migration of women in higher levels of occupational and professions for example women in management (Adorno,1991). During apartheid discourse
Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different countries, a procedure compelled by international trade and investment, and supported by information technology. Furthermore, this process has an effect on various other systems such as on the environment, culture, political systems, economic development and prosperity and lastly, on human physical well-being in societies around the world. “Since 1950, for example, the volume of world trade has increased by 20 times, and from just 1997 to 1999 flows of foreign investment nearly doubled, from $468 billion to $827 billion” (York, 2016). Technology has been another primary driver of globalization,
Law is a tool to regulate interactions amongst the members of a society. Oppenheim defined International law as the name for the body of customary and conventional rules which are considered binding by civilised states in their intercourse with each other. In Sir Cecil Hurst’s view, International Law is the aggregate of rules which determines the rights which one state is entitled to claim on behalf of itself, or its nationals against another state. The definition and aspects of International Law evolved over time in order to suit the changing world order and new situations. International organisations and institutions such as United Nations organisation (UNO), World Bank (WB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organisation (WTO)
Nowadays people can communicate easily. They can share their ideas, their cultures even with people who are not in their countries. They can trade, transporting products around the world in just a few days. This is a big economy where everything related to each other. This is globalization.
Throughout the last decades, globalization became a real phenomenon, but history tells us that it is actually not a new social, historical phenomena, but has, under different names and manifestations, been with us for a long time. It is actually not only the continuation of the liberalization of international trade, which began in the mid-19th century with the launch of cross-border trade over long distances and later with intensive large-scale mobility of labor and capital. During capitalism, globalization has amplified due to the lust for profit, which is driven by capitalists across the globe. Indeed, globalization has significantly strengthened ever since. Today it is almost impossible to talk about goods produced in a
This article by Opeskin (2013) aims to provide a detailed account of Australian courts that accurately reflects how it functions today. Opeskin (2013) considers this ‘State of the Australian Judicature’ address is the first detailed account of information about the Australian courts and judges since Chief Justice Barwick’s inaugural address to Australian Legal Convention in 1977. Opeskin (2013) describes the judicial system with the purpose of revealing patterns within the system, which may in turn prompt reflection about their purpose. The article’s focus is on the larger questions regarding how the judicial system has evolved in the relatively recent past.
Many experiences can come from walking on foreign land. We can learn the language, enjoy the cuisine, take in the culture, etc.., but how can one get a sense for a country 's government or legal system at ground zero? Although my sense for Mexico’s government is in hindsight, today I’m able to draw a line between the dots that represent my experiences and the once reality of political life in Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. I have fond memories of my early teens which included going on family trips to my grandfather 's ranch in Puerto Pensaco, a city at the northeastern part of the state of Sonora. I can remember
Globalization has given people the right to information. Thanks to globalization technology has travelled all over the world to help people have easy access to information. Information can be accessed easily and freely through the internet, mobile phones, television and other devices.
Globalization is a fact of Economic Life – Carlos Salinas De Gortari. Globalization is not a new thought. This process of interaction and integration among the companies, people and government of different countries is happening from ages. Technology has been the major driver of globalization. Economic life has been transformed dramatically by the advances in information technology. However, globalization is controversial. The proponents of globalization claim that it gives an opportunity to the poor countries to grow and develop economically. On the other hand, opponents claim that free market has benefitted multinational corporations at expense of the local people, culture and enterprises. The management concepts create a significant
International laws are, by definition “A body of rules established by custom or treaty and recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another” (www.oxforddictionaries.com). International law is a very significant topic because it affects everyone globally. In this research report, I would like to explore the advantages and disadvantages of international laws and consider if they should be enforced in all countries. The modern system we use today was developed in the 17th century in Europe and is still used worldwide (Stratton, 2009). After the Second World War, international unity became very popular (Neff). On the 24th of October 1945, the United Nations officially came into existence. On that day, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at a United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up and sign the United Nations Charter (UN, History of the United Nations). The United Nations Charter is a document that states what the United Nations is. In Chapter 1, “PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES Article 1” one of the points states that a purpose of the UN is to keep international unity and to remove anything that threatens peace (Nations, 1945). Even though at first international laws may seem to only include human rights, they are much more complex and they affect us in many different ways.
An issue in theoretical basis on what should prevail or which is supreme between International Law or Municipal Law (national law) is usually presented as a competition between monism and dualist. But in modern approach there is now the theory of coordination or is also called Harmonization theory that rejects the presumption of the other two theoretical concept, monism and dualism. The monist view asserts the international law’s supremacy over the municipal law even in matters within the internal or domestic jurisdiction of a state. While it is true that the international law defines the legal existence of states as well of the validity of its national legal order, the dualist asserts the international law is an existing system that is completely separated from municipal or national law. That dictates the