Newly imposed British laws b. British asserts imperial power 3rd Paragraph A. Emotional/psychological impact a. Growing resentment/Anger b. Dissension/exerting independence History: add more information here (Hook Intro. Paragraph) French and Indian War 1757 - 1763 (known in England as the Seven Years War): For nine years, the British fought the French and Indian allies for control of the Ohio River Valley • A critical event ----------------- As noted by author, E.G. Storke in his book, The History of Cayuga County, “The French were vanquished and the sovereignty of the country conceded to England.” Source: The History of Cayuga County E.G. Storke Page 18 Britain – territorial gain (What lands?)
Despite their hesitation France had earlier aided Americans by supplying weapons for the Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775), “the shot heard round the world.” France had long been an enemy to England and with their aid the colonists gained much needed supplies, soldiers, and a Navy. The French Navy forced the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. On land, a French commander by the name of Marquis de Lafayette provided training to the inexperienced colonial army. Across the seas indirect support was received as Spain, France, and the Netherlands began general warfare with Britain, which indirectly helped influence the Revolutionary war. The British had no allies.
The French and the British both wanted to dominate the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. These rivers were used to provide trade routes for commerce.The French had constructed a number of forts in this region to strengthen their claim on their territories. In 1754 the fighting between the French and British began because the British wanted to settle colonies in the Ohio River Valley. The spark of the war was when General George Washington led an army against the French at Fort Necessity, but were defeated. Britain then declared war on the French.
The French Revolution brought fighting between Austria and France, until French armies drove back the Austrian invaders, and France was self-declared a republic. Violence in France started the Reign of Terror, during which Hamilton’s federalists spoke of the evil of the revolution, blaming Democratic-Republicans for supporting the outbreak of violence in France. Jefferson and his people disagreed and felt that the price of a few thousand soldiers was a cheap one to pay for freedom. This comes to prove how the French Revolution brought the division between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans even further. Another event in this time that would bring a negative impact of american politics would be the War of 1812 which resulted from the Embargo Act.
Some British sailors wanted to pretend or be an American, one of those reasons is that the British at the time were fighting Napoleon. Britain’s impressment policy allowed them both to disrupt American shipping to France and to get new British sailors to make their military stronger (Beyer 6). War Hawks were a group known for pushing the war. A famous one was Kentucky’s Henry Clay (Hickey 29). They took the impression of sailors as an affront to American national honor and also
A war had just ended between the French and the British. Although they won, Britain was suppressed. The King used the colonies to regain money, supplies, and numbers. Not only were soldiers allowed to take colonist’s houses and food, but the colonies were forced to pay tax on all paper goods. That extra tax, called the Stamp Act, started a rebellion in the colonies.
In addition, this request caused the Americans to enter into an unofficial war with France known as the Quasi War. In this war, the Americans laid an embargo on all trade and allowed naval vessels to attack armed French ships that were capturing American vessels. This sudden need for ships caused many people to see the importance in the Federalist cause of having a strong central government with the power of raising an army (McCullough 241). Furthermore, this war jumpstarted the plans for building a navy, as congress authorized $1.4 million for the building of naval warships to protect the Americans (Wood 245). After roughly 2 years of fighting, both sides signed a treaty, the Treaty of Mortefontaine, ending the war and the Franco-American alliance.
The English colonists between the time period of 1744 and 1748 were involved in clashes with the French known as King George 's War. In the time following King George 's War the affiliation between the English, French, and Iroquois shattered. After King George 's War, the Iroquois handed out trading concessions in the interior to English merchants which caused the French to have some concern. The French had believed that the English were going to use the concessions as a part of their plan to expand into their territories. In response to this, the French began to build fortresses in the Ohio Valley in which the English thought was a hazard to them and planned for military action.
The Battle of Saratoga proved to be the turning point of the Revolutionary War and convinced the French to support the Americans. The new British commander, Sir Henry Clinton retreated from Philadelphia to New York. George Washington decided to attack Clinton’s force as the British army moved through New Jersey. Marquis de Lafayette was initially chosen to lead the attack, but an objection by Major General Charles Lee allowed him to take command. After learning that British reinforcements were getting close, Lee ordered his soldiers to retreat.
The French and Indian War was a war from 1754 to 1763 between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France in North America. The war extended to the world as part of the Seven Years War. It officially came to a close with the Treaty of Paris in 1763 and North America territories were divided to United Kingdom. Spain ceded Florida to the United Kingdom. France ceded Louisiana to the east of Mississippi River to the United Kingdom as compensation.
The American colonies encountered a challenge during the American Revolution that resulted in a need for international support and diplomacy. America required an alliance with France in order to have a chance to defeat the British Empire. After France’s loss to its enemy, England during the Seven Years War and the American’s victory in the Battle of Saratoga, they now have a motive to support America’s fight for independence. In 1778, the French decided to join the Americans to help weaken the British’s Empire and to gain access to trading posts of the New World that they lost during the French and Indian War. Fortuneatly, the French were able to assist the American’s in holding off some British navy from the battles of the American Revolution.
One of the main causes of the War of 1812 was the violations of shipping rights by the British. British fleets started harassing American ships and taking British American citizen’s prisoners to fill their own naval vessels. In an attempt to help rectify restrictions of the embargo that had been originally set by Thomas Jefferson when he was president between Britain and France; President Madison spoke with Napoleon and he said that he would remove his decrees if the British did as well. The British refused and President Madison was left without a choice and asked Congress to declare war on Britain. During this time Britain was also encouraging the Native American Indians to cause conflicts with American settlers.
Borrowing heavily to finance the war, he paid Prussia to fight in Europe and reimbursed the colonies for raising troops in North America. With the fall of Montreal in September 1760, the French lost their last foothold in Canada. Soon, Spain joined France against England, and for the rest of the war Britain concentrated on seizing French and Spanish territories in other parts of the world. At the peace conference in 1763, the British received Canada from France and Florida from Spain, but permitted France to keep its west Indian sugar island and gave Louisiana to Spain. The Pontiacs rebellion and Proclamation of 1763 was after the French, Indians, and Spanish.
Would Great Britain have won or not? In the battle of Saratoga, America had a great victory, so what did the French do wrong? General John Burgoyne, a British soldier, had the idea to divide and conquer America from Canada. He was going to march to Albany, being joined by other troops from along the way and isolate New England from the other
Going behind enemy lines and gathering intelligence is an extremely dangerous task, but during the Revolutionary War, the use of spies was critical to winning the war. Through several battles, both the Americans and British employ spies to risk their lives and collect enemy intelligence. Spies intercepted secret messages at the Battle of Saratoga and West Point and gathered crucial information at the Battle of Yorktown to prepare for the battle. Winning the battles of Saratoga and Yorktown and holding West Point severely impacted the outcome of the war. At Saratoga, they were able to gain French alliance.