A pneumothorax can be caused by physical trauma to the chest wall or as a complication of a healthcare intervention which is referred to as traumatic pneumothorax. In a minority of cases the amount of air in the chest increases markedly when a one-way valve is formed by an area of damaged tissue, leading to a tension pneumothorax which leads to steadily worsening oxygen shortage and low blood pressure. Unless reversed by effective treatment, it can result in death. Diagnosis of a pneumothorax by physical examination alone can be difficult. Integrated diagnostic modalities can be used for the better detection such as chest X-ray,
In certain cases, medical teams will be attach catheter into the urine bag. When necessary, is done filming the structure of kidney with CT (computed tomography) scans or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans and biopsies, that kidney tissue sampling. Causes Of Kidney Failure Diseases of the kidney failure is usually due to some serious disease that progressively damages organs that have an impact on sized in length ranging from 10-13 centimeters and a thickness 5 – 7.5 centimetres. There are several types of illnesses that can affect kidney damage, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and blockage of the urinary tract. Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure.
Class I is the minimal mesangial lupus nephritis and for patients who are classified under this usually are in remission. The worst class, Class VI (Advanced sclerosis lupus nephritis) is embodied by a gradual progressive kidney dysfunction. This complication is the one most scientists use for research as this affects the majority of Lupus patients. Other complications could include organs such as lungs, brain, intestines, and
With this type of Dementia, the symptoms can be very different due to how badly the blood vessel are damaged after having the stroke. ii. In the scholarly article, Risk Factors for Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer Disease, written by Phillip B Gorelick and publish in October 2004. It mentions that Vascular Dementia have terrible effects on the brain and your cognitive abilities. iii.
Josep Trueta) Even 3 decades ago, the treatment of an open fracture, or a fracture with severe soft tissue injury, represented a severe threat to the affected limb and the amputation rate was 15%. At that time, soft tissue management consisted of wet to dry dressings, which represented the only solution to cover open soft tissues. These dressings were associated with a high rate of infection, and the presence of open bone was the most severe threat to orthopedic surgeons. Another severe problem, especially in large wounds, was the loss of fluid through evaporation. This necessitated frequent changes or dressing which were painful procedures for the patient.
It is the most common micro vascular complication of people with diabetes. The risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is increased with high blood sugar and high blood pressure. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy, proliferative and non-proliferative. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is where
Reverse palmaris longus was first described by Captain John T. Morrison in 1916 as an incidental post amputation finding .It may cause compartment syndrome in the Carpal tunnel and Guyons canal. The patient will present with pain and edema in the wrist region. This is an occupational hazard in people whose work involves repetitive wrist movements as it will result in hypertrophy and cause compression of median nerve and or ulnar nerve. This makes the modern day computer professional particularly vulnerable. Symptomatic patients presenting with a palpable volar swelling should be examined for variations in the palmaris longus.
What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Snippet: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) in the arteries leads to the narrowing of the peripheral arteries and reduce blood flow to the legs, stomach, arms, and head. According to statistics, both men and women are affected equally by this condition. However, the prevalence increases as one age. The characteristic symptoms of PAD include-fatigue, heaviness, tiredness, or painful cramping in your hip, thigh or calf muscles that occur after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
Hypertension occurs in ∼50% of renal transplant and almost all cardiac transplant patients. Hyperuricemia may lead to worsening of gout, increased P-glycoprotein activity, and hypercholesterolemia. Nephrotoxicity occurs in the majority of patients and is the major reason for cessation or modification of therapy. Combined use of calcineurin inhibitors and glucocorticoids is particularly diabetogenic. Especially at risk are obese patients, African-American or Hispanic transplant recipients, or those with a family history of type II diabetes or
INTRODUCTION Wound infections are one of the bad complications in patients undergoing surgeries. Consequently, infections of different organs or tissues that visible to surgeons may lead to significant increment of postoperative morbidity and mortality beside prolongation of hospital stay.1 It has been well documented that eradication of wound infection resulted in significant increment of patient comfort and decreased medical costs.2 Onche and Adedeji3 stated that Staphylococcus aureus is the predominate cause of surgical wound and nosocomial infections. Currently, the antibiotic drug resistance is a fast growing concern in wound infection management beside the risk of impairment of wound healing, bacteraemia, or even sepsis.4 National Nosocomial