We are still not entirely sure how psychoactive drugs work on the brain. As Angell notes, the very first drugs used to treat psychosis were in fact discovered completely by accident. Early anti-psychotics were originally designed to treat infections but were soon discovered to also alter patients' mental states. Further research revealed that these drugs worked on neurotransmitters in the brain, a discovery that represented an important leap in the field of psychiatry. Unfortunately, the "chemical imbalance theory" of mental illness, so widely accepted, is not always supported by current scientific evidence. In reviewing this evidence, Angell cites the work of Irving Kirsch, PhD, a professor of psychology at the University of Hull. Kirsch
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Reasons why some of these disparities exist is because of the lack of acceptance, and mental illness stigma can allow for health disparities to exist within our population. Mood disorders still exist for a variety of reasons like biologically, environments and social influences. Disparities exists with some of these disorders like anxiety, depression, PTSD, etc. because there is still a stigma associated with having one or more of these disorders. People with any form of a mood disorder may not seek help because the book mentions that they often have “feelings of shame guilt, loss of self-esteem, and a sense of isolation and hopelessness”.
This is a no brainer. The effects of a drug could apply to anyone; not just the mentally
The dispute between psychotherapy and medication has been on the rise and was debated for decades. Many people with mental illnesses may turn to psychiatric drugs instead of psychotherapy, because they are uneducated and unaware of the effectiveness of therapy and its benefits. Psychotherapy is an alternative way to treat mental illnesses rather than to use harsh medication that may potentially cause more harm than good in the long run. Medication on the other hand are just prescribed pills that just temporarily bandage the problem rather than heal it There are many cases in which proves that therapy is more effective opposed to medication in helping patients with mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety and phobias.
The Connection Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders: The correlation between mental illness and substance abuse isn’t completely understood. However, there is no doubt a connection exists. Therefore, anyone who suffers from a mental illness should seek help so as not to make the condition worse by seeking relief through substance abuse.
Humans have used drugs of one sort or another for thousands of years. Wine was used at least from the time of the early Egyptians; narcotics from 4000 B.C.; and medicinal use of marijuana has been dated to 2737 B.C. in China. But not until the 19th cent. A.D. were the active substances in drugs extracted. There followed a time when some of these newly discovered substances—morphine, laudanum, cocaine—were completely unregulated and prescribed freely by physicians for a wide variety of ailments.
Remember, though, that dual diagnosis doesn 't necessarily indicate only one mental health problem. In fact, you may suffer from multiple concerns (such as anxiety and depression) and both of them can contribute to drug addiction. That 's why it 's important to dig deep into yourself and root out these negative influences. Why Does This Connection Exist?
The key limitations of the psychiatric classification system are the system does not explain the causes of mental ill health, it can categorise into incorrect boxes, it does not include ‘atypical’ systems,
The article, “In honor of Veterans Day, let’s deal with the real costs of war” by Jean Scandlyn and Sarah Hautzinger, is about veterans and the real costs of war. The author’s argument is that the wars America has had, especially post 9/11 wars, have severely affected veterans and their families in emotional, mental and physical ways that most Americans cannot seem to understand. The fact that the military is now all volunteer based makes it even harder for people to understand the true costs of war and to talk about it (Hautzinger and Scandlyn). I think that the authors prove their point and I am persuaded by their argument.
In the story “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest”, Chief Bromden, resembles someone that has Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Ken Kesey shows a side to Chief Bromden that needs help with his mental condition. In the ward, he is overwhelmed with fear and encounters flashbacks that cause him to hallucinate. Chief Bromden explains the story how it appears to him, even if it may be an extreme exaggeration. Chief Bromden chooses to act like he is deaf and mute and that shows a sort of mental instability.
They also can induce profound experiences. This is what makes LSD and other psychedelics therapeutically important. They have been used as an ancient spiritual practice. Often allowing those who take LSD in a therapeutic setting to experience something personally profound and meaningful. Some researchers have compared the LSD