Drug use can lead to someone being addicted. Addiction is a brain disease that makes people obsessed with doing drugs, even when they really want to. This causes them to have terrible consequences for their health and personal life. There are at least two ways drugs work in the brain: imitating the brain’s natural chemical messengers, and over stimulating the “reward circuit” of the brain. Drugs like heroin and marijuana can “fool” our receptors, lock onto them, and activate the nerve cells.
After a while, users need higher doses to get the same effect. This leads to dependence and addiction for those users of the drug. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, 43 percent of ecstasy users become dependent on the drug. Users are aware of the negative consequences of ecstasy, but their dependence on it prevents them from stopping to use the drug. However, Ecstasy is used medicinally to relieve victims of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
al 117). In addition to affecting the lives of patients, addiction impacts the community’s functionality. Interestingly, frequent use of psychoactive medications by patients of all ages can lead to addiction, but administration of these medications is a valuable technique of treatment for ailments. Medications can provide relief from discomfort that a patient may experience, nevertheless while causing an alteration in
The main chemical marijuana is known for is delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Many users do not understand that injecting this inducing chemical has both short and long-term impacts on the brain. Along with its stimulant, depressant, and hallucinogenic properties come negative impacts on the brain. THC acts on brain cell receptors that ordinarily react to natural TCH like chemicals already found in our brains, and causes those receptors to work in overdrive, causing these parts of the brain to overreact. A study done by the National Center for Biotechnology Information compared the short-term memory and cognitive processing speed of people who used marijuana in the past 4 weeks in relation to those who had never consumed the drug1 The recent and current marijuana users remembered less and processed information and instruction much slower than those who have never smoked.
Some health problems it can treat are diseases that affect the immune system, inflammation, pain, seizures, substance use disorders, and mental disorders (Brain). Marijuana plants have hundreds of chemicals called cannabinoids. The two main chemicals are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD(cannabidiol). Researchers suggest that CBD may be helpful for some health issues, without getting high (Brain). The uses for medical marijuana are to help ease pain, nausea and loss
Psychosis is a strange phenomenon as those who have it don’t realize they do. Often times, psychosis can be cured with therapy, but sometimes, it requires medication. Rog Phillips, in his story The Yellow Pill, addresses both these methods of curing an individual with psychosis, but the reality is that one man needed both therapy and medication as the true setting is in on Earth. Mental illness impacts everyone at some point in one’s life. If severe enough, having a disorder can cloud one’s judgement to the point of committing acts of terror unknowingly.
It is like a transmitter in the brain and is important for the signals that it sends to the central nervous system and according to the article I found on Functions of Dopamine, “it is what allows information to be passed from one neuron to another”. (Functions of Dopamine, 2018) Some of the functions of dopamine are; motor activity, cognition, emotion, and reward. There are also disorders that are associated with having a low amount of dopamine such as depression and movement disorders. Some of the more serious disorders are schizophreniz, ADHD, OCD, Tourette’s syndrome, and drug abuse. Then if there is a death of dopamine neurons it causes Parkinson’s disease, where a person is robbed of the ability to have smooth and controlled movements.
To add, Tramadol can stop or slow breathing when starting using this drug or changing its dose. Dependence can occur even within the normal doses of tramadol. There are numerous drug interactions with tramadol, for example, CNS depressant effect of alcohol are enhanced when used with tramadol. Furthermore, serotonin syndrome can result from the use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors with tramadol as they increase the serotonergic effect of tramadol. Moreover, it is contraindicated in people who have experienced hypersensitivity to tramadol, or opioid analgesics and during monoamine oxidase inhibitor
Introduction A drug is a chemical substance especially one prescribed by a medical provider that is used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a condition or disease. “Drug misuse or abuse refers to the use of a drug for purposes for which it was not intended or using a drug in excessive quantities. Drug addiction is a state of physical or psychological dependence on a drug. Cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy are illegal drugs most commonly used” (Powell, 2011) Drug addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance eg alcohol, cocaine, nicotine or engages in an activity e.g. gambling, sex, shopping that can be pleasurable but the continuation of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary responsibilities and concerns.
On the other hand, the activation of the opioid receptors widely represented in the myenteric plexus and the intestines may affect the gastro-intestinal tract physiological functions. In particular, morphine delays the transit time from the stomach to the intestine and reduces intestinal and pancreatic secretions. Due to these actions morphine present frequent and relevant gastro-intestinal side effects including constipation, ileus, and occasionally abdominal pain. Moreover, nausea and vomiting are also common side effects of morphine. The vomit mechanism is not well and completely understood; however, the interaction with μ receptors in the chemoreceptor trigger zone and the vomiting center in
Psychedelic Drugs Psychedelic substances also referred to as psychotomimetic drug; psychomimetic drug are psychoactive substances whose most significant actions is usually to influence the thoughts and perceptions of the brain. It includes all the supposedly called mind-enhancing drugs that could result in states of altered thought processes, often with enhanced consciousness of sensory input, however with minimal control over what exactly is being experienced. A psychedelic drug principal effect is usually to alter cognition and also perception, usually by agonizing serotonin receptors. Psychedelics represent a larger class of psychoactive drugs also known as hallucinogens, a category which includes mechanistically supplementary elements like
The specified medication involved in treating the disorder involves the application of ADHD stimulants meaning that if the drug is taken as prescribed by the medical doctor, the behavior and attention insignificance will be reduced remarkably. ADHD drugs are commonly abused by people through injection, insufflation, even rectal administration of the pills. Different research conducted has illustrated the illegal use of ADHD medication for their stimulating properties. Research indicates that students using the drug as a stimulant shows a positive increase in performance and cognitive skills (Vester, Brady and Galanter 78). Additionally, college students abusing the drug through using it as a stimulant state believe that the drug revives the body and the brain hence increase the ability to focus academically.
Thus, the street value is high on these type of drugs because of the high it makes people feel. The way this drug makes people feel is the exact reason people get addicted, they also can get addicted, because they may be in fear of pain or a traumatic event that occurred that made them feel this type of pain. The other people if taking the drug for a long time and if you stop immediately your body may feel that it needs it and that can cause
It was regarding a correlation between joylessness and recovery” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 283). It’s well known that people turn to drugs for their ability to provide a relief from stress, bring about euphoria and as a coping technique” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 283). How can this happen when their source of joy is a
Heroin is such a highly addictive drug to a point where many people who come in contact with heroin develop a dependency to it. What an individual will experience during heroin addiction treatment depends on specific factors including how long they have been using, and how much of it they have been consuming. The recovery of an addict will also depend on their ability to understand and deal with other challenges, such as underlying psychological problems that may have caused their abuse, or been caused by the abuse. Treatment for heroin addiction includes both behavioral and pharmacological treatment. Both of these approaches help restore a degree of normalcy to the individual’s brain function, and behavior.