Chapter Analysis: Things Fall Apart By Chinua Achebe

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The novel “Things fall apart” is written by Chinua Achebe, a Nigerian author, in 1958. A wrestling champion, Okonkwo is set as the focus of this book, in the village called Umofia. The novel is considered as a major example of African literature that presents the clash between cultures and people that occurred across the African continent as a consequence of European colonization. From all chapters of “Things fall apart”, chapter 20 had most clearly exhibited the relationship between Okonkwo and Ezinma, that Okonkwo wishes that Ezinma were a boy. In a passage from the chapter, Chinua Achebe utilizes metaphor, rhetorical question, characterization, and dialogue to portray the idea of relationship.9 First, Chinua Achebe makes use of metaphor…show more content…
Chinua Achebe signifies how perfectly Ezinma and Okonkwo understand each other and indicates that Ezinma is the only one that empathizes her father’s thoughts. “A bond of sympathy had grown between them as the years had passed.” The author utilizes the word sympathy to enhance the bond between Ezinma and her father. The word sympathy is used when one person completely agrees and understands other’s feelings. Since she comprehended every mood of her father, Okonkwo wanted her to be a boy that would resemble him with similar characteristics, and feelings. On top of that, Achebe’s rhetorical question also imply that Ezinma is the only child that empathizes the father’s mood and feelings. “Who else among his children could have read his thoughts so well?” Since Ezinma could understand the true meaning behind Okonkwo’s words even if he does not directly tell the children, the author wanted to tell the reader that there is no one but Ezinma that has a strong bond of sympathy between her father. Even if the readers can already infer from the passage that only Ezinma is capable of reading Okonkwo’s mind, the rhetorical question fortifies it again to the reader. In summary, Achebe’s use of the word sympathy explains why Okonkwo wanted Ezinma to be a boy, and the rhetorical question enhance the fact that Okonkwo has strong wish for masculinity of
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