The results of the study pertaining to comparative evaluation of two different packaging materials on quality of avocado milk shake powder are summarized in this chapter. Samples were kept in room temperature also to estimate the changes in normal pace. Accelerated shelf life studies are helpful in getting indicators of quality deterioration in short period of time so that the actual shelf life can be predicted based on the moisture uptake, permeability of packaging material, area of package exposed to storage environment and other factors. The two packaging materials selected in this study are 1) Non transparent 3 ply laminate PFP (paper45 GSM, Foil 20 μ, LDPE 37.45μ) Transparent Poly propylene film. (76.8μm) The product was analyzed periodically during storage for parameters like moisture, acidity, water activity, colour, TBARS, FFA, Browning Index etc.
0.1M 0.05M 0.025M 0.0125M 0.00625M Use equation C1V1 = C2V2 to calculate the amount of water needed to dilute the solution. 10ml of 0.1M KI + 10ml of deionized water = 20ml of 0.05M KI Measuring the time for the colour change to occur Using a pipette, add 1ml of H2O2, HCl, starch solution and 3ml of S2O3 into a cuvette. Set up the spectrophotometer and put the cuvette into the machine Data collection starts now, allow 5 seconds. Using a pipette, now add 1ml of KI into the cuvette containing the mixture. Data for this is collected for 300 seconds Repeat the steps above (1-5) three times to collect the average for the specific concentration.
Exercise 1 1. Suppose a household product label says it contains sodium hydrogen carbonate (sodium bicarbonate). Using your results from Data Table 1 as a guide, how would you test this material for the presence of sodium bicarbonate? B BoldI ItalicsU Underline Bulleted list Numbered list Superscript Subscript33 Words If I had a household product labeled sodium bicarbonate, I would add an acidic substance and expect bubble to be created. As we know acid reacts with bubbles when combined with sodium bicarbonate.
You must first test the pH level of the amylase and starch solution using pH test strips, so that the experiment may be fair m. Then measure 3cm3 of amylase solution using the measuring cylinder, the pour it into the test tubes labeled A1-A5 n. Do the same for the starch solution but pour into the test tubes labeled S1-S5 o. Put test tubes A1 and S1 into the beaker labeled “cold water” p. Put test tubes A2 and S2 into the beaker labeled “normal water” q. Put test tubes A3 and S3 into the beaker labeled “warm water” r. Put test tubes A4 and S4 into the beaker labeled “very warm water” s. Put test tubes A5 and S5 into the beaker labeled “hot water” t. Mix the amylase solution with the starch solution when both are at the same temperature in each beakers (pour the amylase solution into the starch solution) u. Quickly add 3 drops of iodine solution into all 5 mixed amylase and starch solutions, while starting the stopwatch for each (should be 5 separate
This can also speed up the reaction between calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid with a higher temperature as a higher temperature can let the particles to have a higher kinetic energy for more effective collisions to have a higher rate of reaction. From the calculation, the percentage if calcium carbonate in the toothpaste is found to be at about 20.14% which has a small difference from the literature value of 20%. This maybe cause by the errors when carried out the experiment such as parallax errors. For example, the position of eye level when taking reading or measuring which are not perpendicular to the scale of the instrument will result in the inaccuracy of the data. Next, the other error that might happen is the filter funnel is not inserted properly into the mouth of the conical flask causing some of the hydrochloric acid to be evaporated in the form of vapours.
First of all, the apparatus has to be chosen that would collect the gases produced at the anode hence Hofmann Voltameter was chosen to carry out the electrolysis in. Second of all, I had to come up with a method to separate oxygen and chlorine gas. Since both of them are gases it became very hard to come up with a method, hence I researched on the characteristics of both gases. I found out that chlorine is soluble in water while oxygen is not soluble in water. 5.8g of chlorine gas dissolves in 1kg of water at 30ºC (The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2013) and 40mg of oxygen gas is soluble in 1kg of water at 25ºC (Lenntech,
13) Set the spectrometer to a wavelength of 530 nanometers. 14) Place the cuvettes (numbers 1-6) with the appropriate substance and record it’s reading in the data table. 15) After each cuvette was tested, place the distilled water sample (Cuvette zero) to reset the spectrometer and to ensure that the scale is calibrated and repeat for each cuvette test. Data/Results: Tube Number Concentration Of CoCL2 (Mg/ML) CoCL2 Stock (ML) Distilled Water (ML) Spectrometry Reading at
1 Experiment 7: Titration of an Antacid Objective: In this experiment, you will standardize a solution of base using the analytical technique known as titration. Using this standardized solution, you will determine the acid neutralizing power of a commercially available antacid tablet. Introduction An understanding of the properties of acids and bases is an essential part of understanding chemical reactions (see Tro, pp 167-171). In aqueous solutions, a compound that produces H+ ions upon dissolution is termed an acid. A compound that produces OH– ions when dissolved in water is called a base.
The purpose of this lab was to determine the percent water in magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, or Epsom salt. The experimental percent water is determined to be 42.06% in both trials, making the average also 42.06%. To determine this percent water a heating and cooling procedure was used. First, the vials were cleaned of impurities using the lab oven and were not touched after this point. The 2 vials were then weighed and vial 1 weighed 14.7681 grams and the second vial weighed 14.7451 grams.
Leah Romero 10/30/2017 Conclusion Lab 3 Chem 102L In lab 3, fundamentals of chromatography, the purpose was to examine how components of mixtures can be separated by taking advantage of different in physical properties. A huge process in this lab was paper chromatography, which was used to isolate food dyes that are found in different drink mixes. The different chromatograms of FD&C dyes were compared to identify which dyes are present in each of the mixes. Chromatograms where made for the known FD&C and for the three Kool-Aid samples. The retention factor for each dye was calculated.