However, economically, Lenin’s War Communism was extremely significant as well. War communism was created as Lenin needed to keep his civil war soldiers supplied but keeping the front supplied as well as the cities wasn’t as easy as it could seem. He had to go to great lengths. The state took control of industry and were in charge of the production of the factories in the cities while in the country side Lenin sent the Cheka (his secret police) to force the peasants to give out their surplus grain and the peasants hoarding the grain would be severely punished by the Cheka. Some peasants decided to produce less as it would be taken from them anyway.
Feudalism returned and continued, leading to the continuation of serfdom of many people and their obligation to provide a share of their harvest and labor to their landlords. Moreover, guild controlled much of the industries and because with their licensure policies, the establishing of factories became difficult and limited. In trade perspective, local German textile industry faced competition when the allies lifted the Continental System that blocked the entry of cheap British textile. A depression also followed in 1817 when agricultural production dropped significantly. But the most significant challenge towards Germany’s industrial revolution was its political set up.
His work shows the harmful effects of the ever growing population and suggests measures to keep the population in check. Malthus was against the Poor Laws in England (developed for the welfare of the poor in the 18th century) and was in the support of Corn Laws that imposed a stiff tariff on the import of wheat in England, thus protecting domestic producers in the country but, simultaneously driving up the prices of wheat in England, making it unaffordable to the masses. The main idea propounded by Malthus in his theory of population was that the population was multiplying in a geometric progression (such as 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and so on) whereas the food production increases in an arithmetic progression (such as 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and so on). Given that human beings need food to sustain themselves, and as the growth rate of human population was going to far outstrip the rate of growth in agricultural production, this trend would surely spell doom for the human
After the French and Indian War, the English government wants to increase the tax to get more money from the colonists. Therefore, they add many taxes such as the Stamp tax, Sugar Tax and Tea Tax and ask the colonists to be paid for the overwhelming national debt. The colonists in America were annoyed because this war was not for them but they are required to pay for the high tax. So they did acts for many times just like the Stamp Act. British soldiers wanted to suppress fact and clash with the colonists who were acting.
Mültezim earned the right of taxation with an auction. Iltizam system had bad impact on peasants because mültezim had to make pressure on peasants. Because of pressure, this system did not work much long time. Also industrial revolution and nationality in the world reconstructed the world economy. These elements lead to decline economy of Ottoman Empire.
After the Napoleonic Wars, the Corn Laws were passed in 1815 and in 1828. These Acts were protectionist measures, which made possible to maintain a stable and high price for corn, by blocking the import of corn. Being unpopular, the Corn Laws inspired an Anti-Corn Law League founded in 1838 by Richard Cobden and John Bright. In 1846, England had been enduring for a few years one of the worst periods of the nineteenth century – the “hungry forties”. The urgent need for food supplies increased, particularly after the Irish Potato Famine of 1845.
The book I chose to evaluate was “The Wealth of Nations” by Adam Smith. It was written in 1776, during the time when America was writing a declaration of independence. Smith wrote the book because he wanted to upend the mercantile system. The message I received in “The Wealth of Nations” by Adam Smith is that the government has no business in economics, this makes sense to me because the mercantile system was created by a European government around the 16th century. Smith wrote the book describing how economics is one of those things that would be so much better if the government didn’t try to control it.
For example, they forced people (mostly Hutu cultivators) to cultivate coffee, which was a cash crop only benefiting the Belgians. The Hutus saw the Tutsis as unfair for this and other bad policies, while infact they were brought by colonialism. When the Tutsi Kings started demanding for independence in 1950s, the Belgians were not happy, so they started mobilizing the Hutus to overthrow the King. This is how in 1959, the so called Rwanda revolution happened lasting until 1961. Hutus invaded Tutsi homes, killed many and others fled to the neighboring countries.
First, because the high prices in the three main sources and they are rise, wheat, and maize. Second, because of the corruption of government and not being cooperated with the population. Social media and revolution The final problem is revolution. Revolution is one of the most important problems in the world. In general revolutions happen because of many different reasons.
The control over the means of production in the form of seeds and credit forced civilians into a cycle of dependency on the imperial elite, who maintained the exclusive rights to sell them. This highlighted the central characteristic of distant interests tying the local economy to the global market. As such, the colonies were locked into cash crops such as opium and cotton instead of crops that subsisted the local population. Since the demand for raw materials was also commensurate with market demands, the colonies were exposed to the volatility of the global economy, where price fluctuations of commodities were less stable as opposed to that of finished goods. Hence, when there was a lack of rainfall, the price of grain soared and famine occurred in India, China and Brazil.