After the French and Indian War in 1763, economic elements forced Britain to feel the need to raise funds to pay off the war debt. The policies that were enforced by the new prime minister resulted in America's fight for independence. Some of the taxed imposed upon the colonies included the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act and the Tea Act. All three of these acts forced the Americans to pay a tax on everyday goods. Americans viewed the new tax on sugar and other imports as a burden and violation of their rights, for the British, the taxes were a modest imposition necessary to pay for the cost of eliminating the French from North America and administering the colonies (Keene, 101-102). As a result of their two different views on the taxes, tensions …show more content…
The Patriots were the colonists who supported American Independence, but the Loyalists consisted of those who wished to stay loyal to the king. The division between the two groups "drove a deep wedge in colonial society" (Keene, 113). As a result of this disunion many Loyalists experienced hardships, such as being shunned and losing ownership of their own property. These hardships were a result of stronger patriotic views in certain areas. Because of these views, "many states passed laws seizing Loyalist property" (Keene, 114). One issue that arose from these laws, "was how to deal with women married to Loyalists" (Keene, 114). Women who were married to Loyalists who had brought property into their marriage from their own family faced the dilemma of losing this property. One Loyalist wife, Grace Growden Galloway, faced difficult choices concerning her property. She had to choose between following her husband into exile, embracing the Patriot cause or stay loyal to her husband and take no public stance on independence. She chose to remain loyal to her husband and stay to fight for her property. Her strategy was successful as her descendants were able to recover the property she brought into the marriage after she died. This example shows some of the legal hardships and penalties that were imposed upon the …show more content…
While the Declaration of Independence expressed the ideas of equality and liberty this did not mean that every group in America received the same benefits from the promise of the Revolution. Looking at the situation after the Revolution, Richard Morris comments: "Everywhere one finds inequality." He finds "the people" of "We the people of the United States" (a phrase coined by the very rich Gouverneur Morris) did not mean Indians or blacks or women or white servants (Zinn). The Indians were excluded from equality and liberty in America because they were saw as "savages" by the Americans. The slaves in the South were excluded from the blessings of liberty too since they were owned by their masters and had no freedom. Unlike the slaves in the South, "free blacks in the North and middle-Atlantic states was more complex" (Keene, 122). The free blacks had rights like freedom of religion, but they were restricted from other rights such as bearing arms. Like the free blacks, women's political status was also complex. Although a woman might claim a right to freedom of worship, married women were treated as having no independent legal existence outside of marriage (Keene, 122). As a result of their exclusion, these groups worked toward a goal of gaining political freedom within their states. For example, Abigail Adams voiced her opinion on rights of women to her husband,
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4. How did the Great War for Empire change the relationship between England and its American colonies? The Great War for Empire, or Seven Years’ War went on between 1756 and 1763. The unfair taxation of the colonists is what sparked this war; there were also several other political and economic factors, which also played a large part.
Loyalists felt that the Patriots were just troublemakers, with the boycotts they formed. These events were just the tip of the iceberg. When the resistance began, Patriots and militiamen joined together for a conflict against the Loyalists and
Taxes! After the French and Indian War, the British government needed money to pay for the cost of protecting the colonists from the French and Indians. The British government approved several taxes including the Stamp and Tea Acts to help pay for the costs of the war. The colonists were expected to pay these taxes.
The French and Indian War was important to the American Revolution because the debt from the war was the reason that Parliament started taxing the colonists. Also, the French and Indian War made Britain very weak, making the colonists’ actions work a whole lot better. Since France was not happy with the outcome of their war with Britain this was a main reasons for France’s interest in helping the now Americans throughout the Revolutionary War, which was very important to the colonies’ victory. The reason why Britain started to tax the colonists was because of the debt resulting from the French and Indian War. The first tax was the the tax on sugar, which was put on the colonists to help pay off the war debt.
Arguably, these taxes were only placed by Britain to “milk” the colonies for profit. Ben Franklin responded to the Stamp Act, writing a letter to John Hughs to discuss efforts to get it repealed (Document G). . In a way, the series of taxes applied by Parliament would spark a fire within the colonists and begin the American Revolution, where Americans finally say enough is enough. The time had come for political and ideological change, where the colonies would break from their motherland, Great Britain. In conclusion, the French Indian War would kick off a series of political, economic, and ideological events that changed the relationship between Britain and its colonies forever.
Numerous women expressed their disapproval towards how they were denied their rights based on their gender, thus causing women to take a stand for their suffrage and rights. In a letter to her husband, Abigail Adams told him to “be more generous and favourable to [women] than [his]
It’s been over 200 years since the original thirteen colonies of America fought their revolutionary war against Great Britain, in hopes of achieving their independence. We shall be going through a few areas of the Revolution, such as the military, social hierarchy, the role of men and women during the war, the colonists’ values of equality and their social contract response to the British government’s abuses, and we’ll compare these areas to the present day. The American Revolution started around April of 1775, when British redcoats and American militiamen exchanged gunshots in Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. However, that was only the beginning of the fighting; the reasons for the war date from years prior, when resistance from the
A revolution is a large-scale rebellion with the intent to change or get rid of the current political system. The American Revolution was a fight to be free from British rule. People were tired of being controlled. The colonists of America wanted to create their own government where they could get what they left Europe for. While some may argue that the American Revolution did not change life for minorities, the American Revolution changed the political, economic, and social atmosphere and set the stage for future change.
The French and Indian War left England with a debt of £130,000,000. To help pay off the debt Britain set up taxes, to collect money, on frequently used products by the colonists. The Molasses Act put a six pence tax on every gallon of molasses. The colonists thought this was a lot of money to pay so they did everything to avoid it. This act was not really enforced and the colonists did not really obey this act.
After the French and Indian War the British were had a gargantuan debt! In order to pay off such a huge debt they imposed new taxes and enforced old ones. Great Britain thought that it was allowed to pass laws like these, because Britain had protected the colonists therefore the colonists have to give obedience. Laws like the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Tea Act, and along with the British being oblivious to colonists’ pleas to change the harsh laws (Document 2) allowed
Adding on to other limitations, women almost had no freedom in their marriage. Before the women’s rights movement, when a woman is married the “husband and wife are one person” but “that person is the husband” (Doc 7). Once a woman is married, her rights and property were governed by the husband. Married women could not make wills or dispose of any property without their husband’s consent to do so.
“We must all hang together, or we shall hang separately.” This was a famous quote from Benjamin Franklin while signing the Declaration of Independence. Britain and France had conflicting claims at the Ohio River Valley and started the French & Indian War. When Britain won the war, the king imposed taxes because he felt he should be repaid for the expenses of the war. This angered the colonists because they felt they should have had representation in Parliament to be taxed.
After the French and Indian War, Great Britain was in a huge debt and had a lot more land to rule. As a result of their debt and their new land, they began to put taxes on the colonists living in that land. The colonists were angry about these taxes because they were getting taxed without representation in British Parliament. Two acts that caused some of these reactions are the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts. The British actions after 1763 caused numerous reactions from the colonists, which ultimately led to the American Revolution.
Between 1763 and 1775, there were three ‘Imperial Crises’ which occurred between the British and the American colonists. The conflict that was produced during this period arose through an undefined balance of political and economic power between the two parties. In 1763, Britain had just concluded the French and Indian war and was left with an immense and almost crippling debt of around 140 million pounds sterling (“Turning Point In American History”). In Britain’s eyes, the most effective way to reduce this debt was increased taxes. Unfortunately, the people of England were already massively overtaxed, which meant the last option for the British was to tax the American colonists.