Bowel elimination is a physiological process in which waste is created by the metabolism of the body and is excreted by the gastrointestinal system. Diarrhea caused by clostridium difficile (C.diff) is due to a disruption in normal gastrointestinal flora. C.Diff is a gram-positive bacteria that is commonly found in patients within the hospital setting, and infection is often a consequence of antibiotic usage. Initially, the symptoms present as severe cramping of the abdomen, and frequent large watery stools. The symptoms associated with an infection caused by C.diff are the result of gastroenteritis which is “a very common health problem worldwide that causes diarrhea and/or vomiting as a result of INFLAMMATION of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestinal tract. It affects mainly the small bowel and can be caused by either viral or bacterial INFECTION” (Ignatavicius and Workman, 2016, p.1127). One of the largest barriers to treatment of a C.diff infection is the resistance to antibiotics. The CDC (2016) says “C.difficile caused almost half a million infections among patients in the United States in a single year. An estimated 15,000 deaths are directly attributable to C.difficile infections” (clostridium difficile section, para. 2) . C. diff is becoming a more common issue and hard to treat being listed as urgent threat by
Clostridium difficile infection and transmission prevention continues to represent а difficult and serious challenge in patient safety and infection prevention. A single inpatient Clostridium difficile infection costs more than $35,000 in average and the estimated yearly cost burden for the health care system is more than $3 billion (MedPage Today, 2012). The epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection is continue to change, and its presence in the community and the healthcare settings has caused healthcare personnel continue to re-evaluate approaches and perspectives.
As each year passed, I realized how much my family members have deteriorated. Whether it was through mental health or physical health, it seemed as though someone was constantly at war with their personal health. For this reason, I want to educate myself on what causes people to get sick and how it affects them internally. As a result, I chose Microbiology as my major. The knowledge I gain about microbes and their effects on human beings will allow me to undergo the research needed to help defend the population against them.
The subject of my teaching project is a disease known as clostridium difficile or a disease more commonly known as c diff. The patient who was being taught, was a forty-three-year-old, white male, who had no previous exposure to clostridium difficile. When conducting the teaching, the patient had a couple of teaching points he needed to adopt into his care. When in the hospital, the patient should help with reminding healthcare workers and visitors about the importance of hand washing, and wearing gowns and gloves when in contact with said patient. If the patient was to be sent home, there were a few things to keep in mind. When at home the patient is less contagious when the diarrhea subsides however, the patient should still perform thorough hand hygiene as well as turning of the faucet in the bathroom with a paper towel to prevent spores from collecting on the surface.
Literature Review Draft Patient’s face multiple challenges on a daily basis. Patient’s must avoid harm from medication error and adhere to strict medication regimes to improve their health and quality of life. This can be a challenge to patient’s as they are not always educated properly on how to appropriately take medications, the side effects of medications, or who to go to with questions. These issues can be alleviated through improved communication between health care providers and pharmacists and through pharmacist-led medication therapy. While physicians prescribe medications to treat medical conditions, pharmacists have a vast knowledge of the therapeutic effects, adverse reactions, and are able to advise the patients on the appropriate way to take each medication.
This time with stomach pains, diarrhea, and bloating. Viewing the bacteria in their gut during week 7, there is a new type of bacteria called C. difficile. This bacteria can cause deadly infections. It was developed in this persons gut becuase of all the empty space. It invaded it's way into their gut and rapidly started to multiply.
Northwell Health created a special Task Force focused on reduction of sepsis related deaths in the Emergency Department, as stated in the article “Reducing Sepsis Mortality.” The goal is to teach medical staff to recognize the signs and symptoms within an hour of patients arriving to the Emergency Department. This recognition then leads to a course of specific actions, such as, “ Early administration of antibiotics to septic patients, returning serum lactate test results to physicians, who could identify severe sepsis, starting empiric fluids quickly and appropriately,” as explained by Friedman, Gallo, Riebling and Doerfler. Northwell Health’s dedication and desire to improve the outcome of these patients lead to an understanding of the need
Central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in 2009 were amongst 23,000 infections in the inpatient population of US hospitals. (Sweet, Cumpston, Briggs, Craig, & Hamadani, 2012) These infections increase morbidity of patients, mortality, and increase cost. Those that are at risk are the population with central venous catheters. This infection is commonly due to improper hub care and consequently provides the direct introduction of the bacteria into the blood stream. A fairly new intervention to prevent this morbid infection is the implementation of alcohol impregnated protective caps, otherwise known as the brand name Curos caps in addition to others. The practice has gained popularity but as any new intervention, it takes time
Water has a huge impact on human health and should be tested for fecal coliforms to maintain safety for the human population. Lake Byron, one of the water samples used in this experiment, will contain the most fecal coliforms because the surface of the water temperature is constantly rising to be ideal for growth of bacteria. The amount of positive Durham lactose broth tubes helped us to identify the MPN/100 mL of fecal coliforms. Inoculating an EMB plate with a positive coliform helped us suspect the possibility of E. Coli, and we were able to complete an IMViC series to identify the bacteria found in the water sample. Our results indicated that a water sample from USM Creek had the highest number of fecal coliforms, and a swimming pool water
One of these interesting facts being that although there have been advancements in education, modern plumbing,and emerging challenges related to increasing antibiotic resistance, physicians of all people are resistant to the most fundamental infection control practice being hand washing. I also found it interesting that in 1992, The News England Journal of Medicine reported on a hand-washing study in an intensive-care unit. Despite special education and monitored observations, handwashing rates were as low as 30% and never went above 48%. I also learned that over 2,000,000 hospital patients acquire some type of nosocomial infection each year in the US alone, at an annual cost of over $45 billion. Another fact I learned is that hospital personnel can also get nosocomial infection, and in 1993 11 health-care workers became ill with hepatitis A because they didn't wash their hands after treating one of two patients with hepatitis A.
Problem and Rationale The purpose of the study is to determine, in the acute care burn and trauma population, is to determine if the application of obtaining early wound cultures as compared to not obtaining early wound cultures has a significant impact on identifying primary central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) versus secondary bloodstream infections associated with wound infections. Bloodstream infections are a considerable concern for all hospitalized patients exposed to the intervention of central lines used as a means to provide intravenous fluids and medications (CDC, 2011; McLaws, 2012) The complications associated with central line associated infections contribute significantly to mortality and morbidity in the
An 18 year old Caucasian male presents to your clinic with complaints of abdominal pain and bloody stools. The patient states that his bowel movements have increased in the last few months and that he was experiencing diarrhea.. He decided to come in when the pain and bloody diarrhea started. When asking about the abdominal pain, the patient describes the pain as severe cramping. The patient states that he has had a few accidents because he is unable to make it to the bathroom in time.
Quality Infection Control is a method used to prevent infections and reduce the spread of infection especially in hospital, human or animal health care facilities. The purpose of quality infection control is to reduce the incidence of infections.
As the Infection Control Representative part of the role’s responsibilities is to ensure the policy and procedures for infection control are being implemented by staff and that these procedures are being performed correctly. This will require education and training sessions to be held on a regular basis especially after an audit on staff members discovers staff breaching these infection control policies. These education sessions may have to be run more than once and over a couple of weeks, due to the facility operating twenty-four hours a day; therefore staff will not be able to attend altogether due to rosters. Once the times have been organised a venue will be required if a room is not available on the ward this may have to booked in another