Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014).
Clostridium perfringens Clostridium perfringens is a bacteria which are Gram-positive, endospore-forming anaerobes, that appear to be rod-shaped. They lack flagella, but they can still migrate across surfaces using a type of gliding motility that involves the formation of filaments of bacteria lined up in an end-to-end conformation. Clostridium perfringens bacteria is most commonly found in soil, and it the intestinal tracts of humans and animals. (1,2) C. perfringens most commonly causes food poisoning, and various types of gangrene, infections from this bacteria can cause necrosis, bacteremia, and emphysematous cholecystitis. Back before the 1890’s Clostridium perfringens used to be known as Clostridium welchii.
Clostridium Difficile Clostridium Difficile (C. Diff) are known to be anaerobic rod shaped gram positive bacteria which are capable of forming spores. They are known to be the cause of millions of worldwide infections on a yearly basis. They are primarily acquired from hospitals, with incidences of such infections gradually increasing over the last 20 years. They are capable of causing potential life threatening cases of diarrhoea. Although they were discovered in the intestinal flora of new born babies in the 1930s, they were not recognised as a major cause of antibiotic associated diarrhoea up until the 1970s.
Rapid tests for detection of main Clostridial toxins Pérez-Etcheverry Diana* and Lorenzo-Ferreiro Carmen Laboratorio de Biotecnología del Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando - Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República. Canelones, Uruguay. *email@example.com Abstract: The genus Clostridium is ubiquitous, because of this they find easily their way into wounds, foods and feeds, being the cause of serious illness on human and domestic animals. Manifestations and pathology can range from mild food poisoning to death [2-13]. Outstanding to their high toxicity, and the rapid evolution of infection with serious consequences [14-19], it is important to detect it rapidly.
Medications Safety Learn how you'll cut back the risks and find the foremost out of your medications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) judges a drug to be safe enough to approve once the advantages of the drugs outweigh the proverbial risks for the tagged use. Doctors, doctor assistants, nurses, pharmacists, and you create up your health care team. to scale back the risks from exploitation medicines and to induce the foremost profit, you would like to be an energetic member of the team. To make drugs use SAFER: Speak up Ask queries Find the facts Evaluate your decisions Read the label and follow directions Speak Up The additional data your health care team is aware of regarding you, the higher the team will arrange the care that is right for you.
As a patient, you need to have an adequate understanding of the importance of proper medication intake. Your role in patient care is under the compliance stage of the treatment process so proper monitoring of your drug intake is a responsibility you shouldn’t take for
The bacteria also plays a huge part in this process too, it’s not just the antibiotics. Bacteria is a microscopic prokaryotic organism(s), bacteria can adapt to most medicines and conditions rather quickly, but Penicillin was different, it was like fighting bacteria with bacteria. 2 million years ago bacteria were the only form of life on earth, now that we’re here they need a place to live, which is in our bodies and other various
Furthermore it is important to get feedback so as to understand the patients concerns in regards to the information they are given. In healthcare sadly these skills are not always present. Often patients concerns or worries are never vocalised and received by the healthcare professional. In many cases the patients perception and their individual anxieties at the time are not understood. When providing information to the patient a phlebotomist should be mindful of the particular patients needs and what they would like to know ensuring that they have understood the information given to them.
whenever patients encounter frequent visits to health care professionals (Beck et.al, 2002). Most often patients follow the treatment plan and carry out behavior change such as exercising or modifications in diets when they are informed about their health condition and are involved in decision making (Beck et al., 2002). This is true, simply because people tend to follow perceptions and decisions made by their own or with the help of professionals. For instance, one, probably, would not reduce alcohol consumption if he/she will not understand to what extent the human body can be damaged if this habit left unattended. When a patient realizes what are the potential negative outcomes he/she may face with, it would not be problematic for him/her to set priorities.