Coccidiosis Research Paper

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Coccidiosis Coccidiosis is a gastrointestinal disease of farm and other domestic animals caused by Eimeria spp (Leite-Browning, 2009). Coccidiosis is easily transmittable since it is a disease aggravated by stress from overcrowding, filthy and wet pens and also by unclean water and thus will spread through a herd like wildfire as stated by Gasparotto (n.d.). It is a disease of young kids and lambs being common to age four weeks to four to six months when kept in unhygienic and overcrowded houses (Avula, Corriveau, de Wolf, Falzon, Fernandez, Guthrie, Jansen, Jones, Kelton, LeBoeuf, Martin, Mederos, Menzies, Peregrine, Shakya, & VanLeeuwen, 2012; Varghese & Yayabu, as cited in Ahmad, I. Khan, M. Khan & Rehman, 2010). Older animals can also be affected if not previously exposed as lambs or kids. Disease in adults is very rare because immunity develops within a month or two after exposure to the coccidia (Avula, et al., 2012). Infective dose According to Fayer and Gregory et al., as cited in Chartier and Praud (2011), there is a direct correlation between the quantity of oocyst ingested and the appearance of clinical signs. Daily oral dose of five hundred thousand oocysts of a mixture of different Eimeria species in goats…show more content…
This will help reduce the infection rate and the incidence of clinical disease outbreaks (Bayer, n.d.). Feeding silage, hay or corn stalks to the group significantly increases the risk of coccidiosis (Foreyt, as cited in Bayer, n.d.) thus proper stocking rates reduce the numbers of oocysts as well as reducing stress. Coccidiostatic substances are said to be a defensive anticoccidial drugs in ruminants distributed in small doses in foodstuffs over a sufficiently long period and these includes monensin, lasalocide and decoquinate (Chartier & Praud,

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