There currently are about 9.2 million horses in North America. They are widespread with many breeds and disciplines that each horse fits into. Horses did not always inhabit North America as they do now. Roughly four hundred years ago the horse made it to America through Spanish soldiers, also known as conquistadores. These conquistadores successfully conquered parts of Mexico and South America before traveling north to the southwestern portion of what is now today’s United States in the 1540’s in search of gold and other treasures. As the conquistadores traveled they came in contact with a few different Native American groups. They tried hard to convert these new people to Roman Catholicism, which was the Spanish religion. In the 1680’s the
Native Americans are the indigenous people of the United States, they have an extensive rich history, and stories of sorrow and bravery. Within the lower 48 states are the Great Plains American tribes, these tribes live in a region where there are few trees with valleys and rolling hills. This is where the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma as well as many other tribes resides in. With quite a dearth tribe, their highest population being 3,522 present day, but although they weren’t large they are known for their abounding cultural tradition and past. The Ponca tribe of Oklahoma had a mixed culture of the Middle Mississippi and Plains people. They were Siouan speakers, or the Dhegiha, which also included the Ohama, Osage, Quapaw, and Kansa tribes. The
Scattered across the United States due to being driven from their homeland in the North Eastern area, the Shawnee Native American tribe became a diversely skilled group of fighters with leaders who still stand out in history today. The Shawnee tribe originated from the Ohio River Valley, but were forced out supposedly by Iroquois in the 1600s, and spread out to Pennsylvania, Illinois, or even as far as Maryland or Georgia. As time passed and Iroquois power weakened, the Shawnee were able to return to their home, only to be pushed out once more by white settlers. During the American Revolution, the Shawnee fought with the British against the colonists in hopes to keep their land and have the colonists removed. Following the war, the SHawnee
The Shoshone was a Native American tribe in the western Great Basin in the United States. This tribe was spread into the north and east Idaho and Wyoming. The Shoshone religion was Shoshone rituals. Their population was approximately 8000 members at first, but their population began to increase about 20,000 members. There were three classes in Shoshone tribe, which were the chief and shaman, trading partners, and the servants. The chiefs’ roles were to focus on warfare and hunts. As a result, the Shoshone tribe does fit perfectly into the “tribes” category. On the other hand, the Shoshone tribe is also somehow fit into the “bands” category. The Shoshone tribe was divided into three small bands, which were Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone,
The Chinook Indians were a tribe of Native Americans who lived in the Pacific Northwest. They lived along the coast of what is now Oregon and Washington State. The men used bow and arrows for hunting elk, deer and sea mammals. The women gathered other food such as shellfish, clams, roots and berries. The Chinook were very skilled traders. They traded fur and baskets for weapons to be used in hunting and war. For shelter, the Chinook lived in long rectangular houses made of cedar wood planks. The roofs of these structures were made out of tree bark.
The Shawnee Tribe is a federally recognized Native American tribe in Oklahoma. Also known as the Loyal Shawnee, they are one of three federally recognized Shawnee tribes. The others are the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma and Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma.
Native American tribes have been used, abused, and decimated throughout history, and it all started with European contact. The Chumash are a group of Native Americans that are located in the California culture area. They are one of the more peaceful Native American tribes, and one of the largest. They had unique subsistence strategies and food reliance because of their location, which was basically in between the coast and inland California. Prehistoric Chumash territory was very vast, and was significantly reduced during European contact. European contact decimated the Chumash very similarly to the way it decimated many other tribes like through disease and assimilation practices. Aside, from all that the Chumash have a very fascinating culture
Around the 1800s, the United Stated government was trying to figure out a way to remove the Indian tribes such as the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Choctaw from the southeast. Many American settlers wanted to remove the Indians there because they sawDuring President Jackson 's term of office, he signed the Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830. This Indian Removal Act, President Jackson let to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. There were tribes that left their lands peacefully; however, many other Indian people refused to relocate. In the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, one of the tribes known as Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the government.
The Sioux tribe was one of the most known powerful tribes living in which they originally came from Missouri in the 1800’s. Not to mention,many things happened when they came to Nebraska. During their early years, transportations are a way for them to follow the path of the buffalos,as a matter of fact, they had horses and built boats to keep them going. For example, they were also known to be farmers as well as hunters. The tribe made an influence on the Westward expansion and made war between the Americans,so many people wonder how the Americans influenced the tribe and where are they now.
When comparing the Southwest indians to the Eastern Woodlands indians I found there were some differences, in their homes, the indians in the Southwest had hut like homes made of stone or adobe while indians in the Eastern Woodlands had lodge like homes made from wood. Farming and hunting seemed to be big for the Eastern Woodlands, but most of the Southwest people were just gatherers and hunters when they could be, although there were some successful farmers. Both areas had hostile groups of people, but the two groups in the Southwest later became more settled and peaceful. The Eastern Woodlands and the Great Plains had a few differences, again their homes being one of them.
Between 1830 and 1850, the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, Creek, Seminole and Cherokee peoples were forced to leave their homelands to relocate further west. The Cherokee Nation removal in 1838 (the last forced removal east of the Mississippi) was brought on by the discovery of gold near Dahlonega, Georgia, in 1829, resulting in the Georgia Gold Rush.1 During the Trail of Tears (1838-1839), the Cherokee tribes were moved to the Indian Territory, near the Ozarks. They initially settled near Tahlequah, Oklahoma. This is where the tribes historically settled in 1838 to 1839, after the Indian Removal Act of 1830 passed during the presidency of Andrew Jackson.2 The removal included members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw
Cherokee, Cheyenne, Seminoles Option #2 During the nineteenth-century, the federal Indian policy changed and it forced the removal or relocation of many different Indian tribes. The federal government sought to expand its control of territory and resources across America. The one big problem the U.S. faced were the Indians who resisted their removal. Georgia signed the Compact of 1802 which stated that if Georgia were to give up their western claims, the U.S. would eradicate American Indian land titles in Georgia and remove them (Lecture 14).
There, all the people were named “Senecas” and eventually renamed the “Senecas of Sandusky.” A treaty with the United States in 1818 left the Mixed Band of Senecas and Shawnees with land removal in Ohio. In 1831, a treaty with the United States led the Senecas of Sandusky to sell their land in Ohio and move to a reserve, which neighbored the northern boundary of the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory. Both tribes moved in 1832. The Seneca-Cayuga Nation did not go on the Trail of Tears for they were able to travel by steamboat.
In 1802 The Georgia compact is the beginning salvo towards the indian removal.1803 the Louisiana Purchase happened. In 1812 the Cherokee Nation from southeastern voluntarily migrated to Arkansas Territory. The Cherokee settled between the White and Arkansas river.1817 a treaty was concluded the Cherokee and the representatives of the united states.1818 Miami Indians living in Indiana cede