Value is an enduring belief that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence. It is nothing but a belief upon which a person acts by preference. Concepts in the social sciences revolve around human values. They play a vital role in the society since they are said to be the basis of human beings for leading a more fulfilling life. Our understanding of people’s motivation and attitudes are governed by our values which in turn influence our perceptions.
The basic assumption of this theory is that all elements or elements of community of life must be functional so that society as a whole can perform its functions well. However, this theory has its roots in Karl Marx's work in classical sociological theory and was developed by several social thinkers from the later period. Conflict theories is generally focusing on recognizing and analyzing the existence of conflict in social life, which are the causes and the form of the conflict itself, and its consequences in generating social change as well. It can be argued that conflict theory is the most important theory at the moment, because of its emphasis on social reality at the level of social structure rather than on the individual, interpersonal or cultural level. For example the conflict between a Muslim and a Christian in Maluku is suspected not to be a reflection of personal hatred between them, but rather as a reflection of the discrepancy or opposition between their interests as determined by their position within their respective religious
Early findings in sociology conceptualise society in term of one central core in which human life was controlled in order to develop society to act to achieve the goals of their group or community. Without a doubt Durkheim’s writing on values and norms gives educators the most concise determination on what he calls “social realism”, the basis on his belief that external social truths occur in the outer world and that these truths are free of one’s view of them. The implementation of this informs decisions on how to address and configurate values and norms in society. Durkheim believed that the traditional groups played an important part in uniting their members through the creation of a common consciousness and alleged that education played an important role in determining social cohesion (Walsh, 2011). To understand the effects of these one now must explore the key institutions of
As one of the most vital foundations of any community, education should maintain pace with the urges of its society and the challenges of the outer world as well. It can be used as a tool to empower the individual who starts as a learner and ends up as a citizen since it is supposed to generate, reflect, and direct social change. In fact, education is established as one key agency of socialization, and its institutions, teachers, and teaching materials as socializing agents. Referring to textbooks as the core of teaching materials in the Algerian schools, our focus will be on their potential as either mirrors of traditional social agendas or as tools for social change. In fact, the textbook under a quality education policy is an educational implement of major significance that can be used as a tool for social change.
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN DIFFERENT SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ESSAY EDUCATION AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION: Social institutions are an important element in the structure of human societies. They provide a structure for behavior in a particular part of social life. Education is one of the major social institutions that exist in the society. It establishes a goal of social equality and a common knowledge base among students. It is the realization of self potential and talents of an individual for the benefit and continuity of society and life.
We can see these subject matters crystal clear as sociology ranges from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Sociology of education is one of the specialized areas in sociology. The sociology of education has been important part of development of the discipline of sociology. In the context of sociology of education it can be define as the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcome. The word education itself proved that the aim of it is “to teach us how to think than what to think.” Sociology of education enable us to think critically about human social life and to keep asking questions concerning the sociological problems in education and understanding related concepts such as functions, progress, problems and the importance of good interaction between society and education systems.
Argument 2.1 The value of education Education gives you the intellectual freedom. The main value of education is to improve how students view, exist in and participate in the world. It helps students to become better members of the society by teaching students’ morals, ethics and the societal responsibility. Without education students would be unable to understand the world they live in. According to my worldview education is important because it makes you self-independent and helps you to keep up with the world.
This is because, there is an interconnection between education and social reality. The latent function of education provided by the tuition industry is to develop a sense of identity and self-worth in an individual so that he is passionate and useful in contributing back to the society, regardless of socio-economic differences. Education in this aspect, helps to build and develop the social
CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION Education is not only for knowledge and skills but also character building Aristotle Education is society’s main avenue for the development of civic and social values, particularly a sense of humanity and nationhood. It is also a means for developing the individual’s coping capabilities which relate to values supportive of humanism, nationhood and development (Villar, 2003) School provide the learner with the necessary training and to mold him into a dignified and desirable human being. It also assumes the role of guarding, directing, and providing the youth with experiences which would help him discover his potentials