Jack Chase Hist. 17A Kelly Gerhold 11/00/2017 Lewis & Clark Endeavors In 1803, France is at war with Britain and the US is doing what they can to avoid becoming any part of their conflict. At this time, Thomas Jefferson is president of the United States and wants to procure other opportunities to expand the US. “Napoleon, who had now risen to power in the French Revolution, threatened to block American access to the important port of New Orleans on the Mississippi River.”(1) Obtaining Louisiana would allow trade in the states to become more accessible on an international scale through the convenience of the New Orleans ports adjacent to the Gulf of Mexico. Having a great deal of confidence in his protégé James Monroe, Jefferson sent him to …show more content…
As a fall back plan, in case things in Paris didn’t go as planned, Jefferson also had some negotiators go to Britain to discuss other possible alliances. Napoleon, whom was leading a revolution also needed money and decided to sell the entirety of Louisiana to America for the low price of 15 million. Though the federal government wasn’t specifically defined as having the authority to make a purchase such as that but Jefferson thought about being “troubled by the inconsistency, but in the end decided that the Constitution's treaty-making provisions allowed him room to act.”(1) This was known as the Louisiana Purchase and it consists of land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and allowed Americans to expand even further without worry of a foreign entity keeping them from doing so or causing tension between two countries with the necessity of the trade route for the US. Thomas Jefferson decides with all of the new territory and so much of it undiscovered that he needs to get a group together that will find out everything they can about the new territories and locate a possible connection between the Mississippi River and …show more content…
“The Lewis and Clark Expedition paddled its way down the Ohio as it prepared the Expedition to be launched officially from Camp Wood, just outside St. Louis, in the summer of 1804” (2), and the Corps of Discovery’s official mission would commence near the outskirts of St. Louis in 1804 where they would move upstream of the Missouri River to a place called Fart Mandan that was used at a trading post where they would wait out the winter. The Corps were tested with several bumps in the road that would slow and threatened the journey like the insects they would encounter, heat they would have to endure and injuries that were unavoidable given the working conditions they were under. There was a man by the name of Charles Floyd, that Lewis and Clark liked the most out of the crew, died of what was labeled as his appendix bursting and was “the only person to die on the two and one-half year journey.” As they continued forward in their quest they eventually make it to a village inhabited by the Mandan Indians whom belonged to a large trade network in the West. This is where they recruited a Frenchman by the name of Toussaint Charbonneau, that they would use as a means of translation between their current
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Lewis & Clark Expedition (June 20, 1803): Jefferson charters the Lewis and Clark expedition—led by his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis—to survey the new Louisiana Territory, establish friendly relations with the American Indian tribes living inland, and search for a Northwest Passage allowing easy travel to the Pacific. This event lead to finding a water passage that helped the U.S with trading goods
Jefferson’s election in 1800 marked the first peaceful transfer of power between political parties in U.S. history. This showed that the country could transition power without getting into violence or conflict. Jefferson believed in limited government and states rights, which means that he thought the federal government should have less power and the states should have more. Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana land in 1803 doubled the size of the United States and expanded executive power by allowing the President to make large land purchases without approval from Congress.
In Article IV of the Constitution, it stated that “new states could be added, but made no provision for taking on foreign territories.” The Louisiana territory was considered foreign territory since it was owned by France. However, when France offered the U.S. the Louisiana territory, “the two American ministers seized the opportunity, going beyond their mandate.” Jefferson tried to make an amendment but when Congress disregarded his draft, he authorized the purchase anyways without the amendment in place. Jefferson wasn’t sure what he wanted to do about adding more territory to the United States so he asked his cabinet for advice.
In period 4, (1800-1848). The U.S. was widely shaped and formed by Technology, a modern democracy, democratic ideals, and technology over the 48 year time period. The republic struggled with democratic ideal as well as many economical, territorial, and demographic changes shaping the United States. In 1800 Thomas Jefferson was elected as President of the United States, Jefferson’s speech consisted of trying to get federalists and republicans to work together for the common good of the Nation.
The purchasing of the Louisiana Territory promoted Jefferson’s vision for the country because his plans for this nation depended on western expansion as well as access to the international markets for American farmer products. His vision was threatened when France gained control of Louisiana. Napoleon threatened to block American access to the New Orleans port. Napoleon, for a number of reasons, most to do with money, offered the Louisiana territory to the US for a minimal amount. The US now owning the Louisiana territory more than doubled its size overall.
The purchase was one of the greatest real estate deals that has ever existed in the United States (along with the purchase of Alaska in 1867). President Thomas Jefferson offered 10 million dollars for the port of New Orleans so that the US could have access to the Mississippi River. Instead he received the entire area known as the Louisiana Territory and the New Orleans port and only paid 15 million dollars for it. Which means he paid about 3 cents per acre to buy the entire Mississippi River valley from Napoleon
Although Jefferson had a plan use to the Mississippi River as a means to transport goods and help with trading. There was still a greater need for trade with other countries. His main goal was to maintain power over trade and continue to control everything from taxes, trading and many other things. (5). Weakness and inefficiency were a price Americans were willing to pay to guard against tyranny.
As mentioned before, Jefferson ordered his diplomats to buy the territory
During Jefferson's presidency, Napoleon was also the leader of France at the time. Napoleon was going through a rough time with Haiti rebelling against the French, so that soured him on the idea of colonies. At the same time, Jefferson wanted land for farming in America. Jefferson asked Napoleon to buy a small area in upper Louisiana for $10M. Because Napoleon needed money, and Jefferson wanted land, he offered Jefferson the whole Midwest/Louisiana area for $15M. While that was a great deal, it goes against what Jefferson believes because it is not in the constitution. This caused people to act again because Jefferson was starting to become a hypocrite, going against what he originally thought about the constitution.
The Louisiana Purchase posed several significant moral dilemmas for President Thomas Jefferson, among these were that he did not plan on expanding the country, he wanted the country to be agrarian instead of industrial, and was a strict constructionist. Firstly, President Jefferson when he entered the presidential office, he received most of his support from the South and from the western frontier (www.sparknotes.com), he did not have any plans on expanding the United States. However, with France leaving the land of Louisiana unoccupied, he saw this as an opportunity that he couldn’t let slip from his finger. And also that President Jefferson wanted the Territory of Louisiana because he had heard of Napoleon wanting the Territory to make
Jefferson was trying to expand his land into bigger territory and move the war out West to let them get the war away from home towns. The land had about 828,000,000 miles of land to discover and look around and find new things. Napoleon was threating us that he would block us from using our side of the Mississippi river and that was becoming a big problem we needed a way to get our good from one side of the south to the other. All in the end Jefferson ended up buy all the miles of land from Napoleon for 15 million dollars just for all the west. It was a lot of money but he ended up getting a lot of land out of the deal.
It started out with Napoleon needing quick money so he decided to sell Louisiana at a big discount around 15 million dollars. The U.S saw this amazing opportunity and decided to act fast and buy the land from France. After they had purchased the land they could travel
In 1803, President Jefferson Stroke a deal with James Monroe to join Robert Livingston in assisting in the negotiations. Jefferson writes Robert Livingstone, “…we must learn at once whether we can acquire New Orleans or not.” This negotiations that President Jefferson ordered were for the purchase of New Orleans, and or part of Florida, and if that was not possible, then they would have to purchase only New Orleans, and if that was too not possible, they would try and secure the United States access to the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans. Acquisition was apparently difficult because of the more powerful Napoleon. He was targeting to retake victory in the continent when he took power in
When comparing Sam Adams, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams, we can see that there are some similarities and differences between the men. Perhaps the most notable relation this group has, is that they were all formal presidents and had some type of power or ownership. The qualities of all four men are often seen as opposed to each other. One similarity for example, with George Washington and Thomas Jefferson was that they were prosperous Virginian plantation owners and held slaves. Jefferson and Adams were both well educated people and knew about the law.
Jefferson’s dilemma in the Louisiana Purchase In April of 1803 Thomas Jefferson was faced with many moral dilemmas in the process of buying the Louisiana territory. Though the price for the territory was beyond generous, Jefferson felt that by purchasing the territory he would be going against his beliefs that the constitution should be followed word for word. The constitution said nothing of the president having the power to purchase land from another government, or to use money of the states for the same purpose (“the moral dilemma”). Another problem was once the land was purchased, there was a fear that it could have been a waste since they had no way to know the layout of the land, and what it would be useful for.