Compare And Contrast The Pharaohs Of The New Kingdom

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The pharaohs of the New Kingdom were the most powerful pharaohs of ancient Egypt because Ramses II was the most successful pharaoh, they gained control through conquest, and they developed relations. In Chapter 5, lesson 3 of “Discovering our Past: A History of our World” (our social studies textbook) it states “Ramses conquered the region of Canaan and moved north into Syria. To get this territory, he fought the Hittites”. This proves that Ramses II (also known as “Ramses the Great”), was very powerful, for the Hittites were smart and very hard to beat. “The Hittites were among the first people to master ironworking. This meant that they could make the strongest weapons of the time.” (seal-pa.org). Because Ramses II was so powerful, he was …show more content…

The chariots allowed Hittite soldiers to move quickly around a battlefield and fire arrows at their enemy.” Nevertheless, they were conquered by Ramses II. Although Ramses II seemed to claim a lot of land for Egypt, other rulers conquered immense portions of land through conquest. After Hatshepsut, one of the very few female pharaohs of Egypt died, her son, Thutmose III took her place. In Chapter 5, lesson 3 of our social studies textbook, it states “Thutmose was a strong leader and general who expanded Egypt's control north to the Euphrates River in Mesopotamia. His troops also moved south far up the Nile and conquered Nubia, which had once thrown off Egyptian rule.” Strong and powerful leaders caused Egypt to expand across large quantities of land, all the way to the Euphrates River. During the Old Kingdom, Egypt stretched from the Nile Delta, along the Nile River to a little past Thebes, the capitol of Egypt before Amenhotep’s reign. During the Middle Kingdom, Egypt stretched a little further south, past the tropic of cancer, but it was only during the New Kingdom when dramatic changes occurred. Because of all the conquests, Egypt stretched all the way to Syria, by the Euphrates …show more content…

For example, in our social studies textbook, it says “Hatshepsut was more interested in promoting trade than starting wars. She made great efforts to restore trade relations that had been interrupted by the Hyksos invasion.” One of the relations that the Egyptians developed was trade relations. After restoring trade relations, Egypt could trade things they had for things they didn’t. One example is that they exchanged beads, metal tools, and weapons for gold, ivory, ebony wood, and incense, which is “a material burned for its pleasant smell”. Traders traveled to the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea to the Phoenicians for wood, since Egypt did not have enough, while they had plenty. The Phoenicians also invented the alphabet and a system of writing, which influenced other people across the world. In addition to trade relations, the Egyptians made political ties, too. “The Egyptian dynasty became joined by treaty or marriage with ruling families in the Babylonian Empire in Mesopotamia, the Mitanni in Syria, and the Hittite Empire in Anatolia”

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