Neha Chandran SQ3R Chapter 1 Analyze the first humans. About three to four million years ago, the first humans classified as hominids lived in Africa. Australopithecines were bipedal and were able to make simple tools out of stone. Louis and May Leakey discovered a hominid that they named Homo habilis. These hominids were the first to make tools. With a larger brain, they were able to make better decisions when it came to searching for food. Around 1.5 million years ago, a new variation of the hominid emerged. They were named Homo erectus and were able to make more sophisticated tools. They were the first hominids to leave Africa and travel to parts of Europe and Asia. Explain the emergence of Homo sapiens. Homo sapiens emerged …show more content…
The Old Kingdom was created when a king named Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt. The people obeyed and respected the king to maintain cosmic order. Disrespecting the king was considered to be like disrespecting a god. Later on, Egypt was divided into provinces governed by a nomarch. Eventually, the Old Kingdom fell apart and Egypt went into a time of disorder. A new dynasty unified Egypt and started the Middle Kingdom. The boundaries and jobs of nomes were established. Pharaohs were described as “shepherds of the people” instead of being like a …show more content…
During this time, China was ruled by people whose main concern was war. They fought using horse-drawn chariots. Chariots are thought to have been introduced in China by neighboring civilizations. The king was in charge of the bureaucracy and a large army. The Chinese began the idea of veneration of ancestors at this time by sacrificing humans at the time of a king’s death. The way clans were organized is believed to have led to the joint family life. They had mastered the use of bronze in weapons and utensils. They also created the writing system that is still used in China
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Environmental diversity caused the Homo sapiens to be different from one another since they were on different parts of the world and adapting to different environmental factors. Chapter 2 Summary: 2. Chapter two begins with two descents of the Polynesian group, the Maori and Moirori. Both groups lived in different places, such as the Moirori lived in The Chathams and the Maori lived in New Zealand. The two tribes were two oppositely developed groups, for example the Maori were forceful and mean and killed, but the Moirori handled their problems peacefully.
Hominin Split: They were the first primates that left the trees and stood up in grassland approximately 7 to 6 million years ago. They were called spilt because this separates hominins which are basically any primates that stands at least part time from other primates like Chimpanzees, apes, Gorillas and etc. They were historically important because they were the first primates to stand up in grass land so that they can hunt and survive their life more easily comparing to other primates who didn’t stand up and which gives us idea about that from them evolution of modern man have started gradually.
The scholar gentry became such a dominant force in Chinese politics and society because they held a high status and prominent role. Those who were able to pass the difficult exams and earn position in high offices were treated with reverence and achieved special social status. They were also granted access to refined pleasures the elite could enjoy and had a great influence in the revival of Confucian ideas and values. 7. In what ways did relations between Chinese and Nomadic peoples to the North shape Chinese dynasties?
This essay will compare and contrast the role and scope of government in the Qin and Han dynasties. It is often difficult to compare governments due to the spatial and temporal intricacies involved, however, due to the fact that the Qin and Han dynasties occurred consecutively the discussion is more appropriate. The Qin dynasty was guided by Legalist principles, and that dictated much of the role of the government. The Han dynasty shared some Qin principles, but built upon them as the dynasty progressed. Confucianism became the official state philosophy, and the emperors even began to include Confucian principles into the official governmental policy.
They were responsible for building new pyramids, monuments, temples, defending their country from invasion and for increasing the country’s wealth . Pharaoh: Lord of the two lands. (n.d) retrieved from http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/pharaoh/home.html. Citizens of Egypt had no choice but to respect their leaders, any citizen found to be disrespecting their leader would be tortured, killed or sent to jail for life .
This affected many people and how they lived. With the first dynasty, the capital moved from Thinis to Memphis with a unified Egypt, ruled by King Menes. Menes was the one who founded the new capital. King Menes intentionally built the city of Memphis in the middle of the two kingdoms to unite the inhabitants of the formerly separated nations and so that it would be more secure from enemies and invaders.
The Qin dynasty, The Han Dynasty, and The T'ang Dynasty are all very important dynasty’s to china’s culture. A dynasty is a line of hereditary rulers of a country. It is passed down from child to child. The Qin dynasty had great power and built the Great Wall of China. The Han dynasty came up with the Silk Road and came up with paper.
Homo sapiens, evolved from homo erectus, originated in Africa and spread throughout Asia and Europe. Their ability to spread was related to the continents being close to each other, a land mass called Pangaea. It wasn’t until around 15,000 BP when the first Paleo-Indians migrated into North America. At this point Pangaea had broken into separate land masses that would become the modern day continents. The migration into North America was only possible during a period of deep freeze.
Have you thought about which pharaohs in the New Kingdom were significant and which ones were not? In Ancient Egypt, there were roles called pharaohs. Some were significant and some were not. The significant pharaohs were from the New Kingdoms were first, Thutmose III, second, Hatshepsut, and third, Ramses II. Ramses II was the third most significant pharaoh in Ancient Egypt because of what he did.
After plenty of time spent researching and studying about Ancient China’s civilization. Their worldviews can be understood through three main views: their dynamic government, which includes power/control, their concept of filial piety and their unique art/language. These themes are what give us a visual of the powerful and massive, Ancient China. The amount of time that a family commands power of a civilization is extremely different from our reality currently. The beautiful art and language writing forms that are still a part of tons Chinese and other Asian countries around the civilization.
Albert Dien’s Six Dynasties Civilization goes through a career’s worth of information while also offering an invitation to a scholarly study of early Medieval China. It takes on the task of describing the material culture of the period. In his introduction, Dien tells readers the purpose of this work stating "It is hoped that this volume will be a start in coming to grips with the material culture of the period and will help further our understanding of Chinese society during this so-called Dark Age between the better known dynasties of the Han and the Tang” (Dien viii). The book starts by giving a general overview of the historical setting of the era, as well as providing insight on the important social and political issues, the culture of
Poetry was really popular in both dynasties, especially in the Song Dynasty. Poets from that area directed their poetry towards things and nature, and would focus on the beauty of things, which included a few moments of humor. Also, new ways of thinking developed such as Neo-Confucianism, which was an effort, especially prominent in the Song Dynasty to bring back the old ways of thinking in China (Strayer 367). This new ideal supposedly answered the deep questions of life and correct political views according to the empires (Charles D. and Frances K.). Furthermore, patriarchal societies continued in both empires.
Homo sapiens, as they were named meaning wise man, were the significant shift towards modern man. They existed as early as the tools being used, were becoming more sophisticated, that allowed them to easily adapt to its surroundings. They, as spices, were occupying a diverse range of continents, therefore, greatly diversifying the gene pool over a long period of time. And that resulted humans today with variety of skin colors, body types and facial features. [Info: Darwin said, "There is no fundamental distinction between species and varieties (varieties: any of various groups of plants or animals ranking below a species).
Anthropologist, archeologist, and other scientist believe that Homo sapiens originated from Africa about 200,000 years ago and migrated out of Africa about 100,000 year ago based on the findings of three sets of human fossils (p. 3). This is known as the “Out of Africa”
Around 50,000 years ago man started to leave Africa, this began first as a migration North from the South of Africa. Technology and language developments from simple tools and clicks facilitated this move and exploration of the continent and beyond. While tools are self explanatory, language was key in developing complex thought processes. The present day South Africans that are descendants of the original Homo Sapiens are referred to as the Kung or San