If you do some simple math the only states that needed to approve it were the ones who didn’t offer resistance to the Articles and wanted a new government. Another silly thing all the founding fathers missed in the Articles is that the continental congress couldn’t enforce any laws. Which in so many words meant that congress could make all the laws they wanted but none of the states had to follow it due to the state government having much more power than the federal government. All the flaws in the Articles in confederation had made many things happen such as Shay’s rebellion and of course the adaptation of our new government which took ten months for the first nine states to ratify the rest of course came one by
Matthew Wong Ms.Yuan History-Duke 12 October 2017 How the Constitution affects tyranny That could happen if the Constitution was not set in place to guard against tyranny. Tyranny occurs when the government has an absolute ruler who rules harshly. The previous constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was not very powerful and lacked many laws needed leading to a decision to forward a new constitution. The Constitution set up different laws to split the power between different powers so that they would never be ruled by a tyrant once more. As such, they split the power between the state and central government, federalism, so that one government does not have more power than the other.
The Continental Congress had very minimal power under the Articles due to which it could neither establish a federal judicial nor deploy the army or the federal police for enforcing the laws. Since the Articles could not solve the rivalry among the thirteen states, the Constitution replaced it in the year 1787 as there was a necessity of establishing a strong and powerful national government. There are various notable similarities and differences between the Articles
The Constitution of the United States of America all started at the Philadelphia Convention. Called by Alexander Hamilton, the purpose of this convention was to revise the Articles of Confederation. The reason for this is because the central government under this document was very weak, for rebellions were very difficult to put down (such as Shays’ Rebellion), Congress lacked the power to tax and have a standing army, and the state government was extremely overpowered (when compared to the central government). During the convention, the framers realized that this document was almost impossible to revise; it would be much easier to start from scratch. Without official permission from Congress, the framers began to rewrite an outline for the
This is due to the inalienable nature of rights that Americans believed they were born with, such as the right to property. Due to this, the Federalist movement could not be argued to pursue a liberal agenda as their aim was to remove the dominance of state sovereignty and instead, install an elected national government. I would argue that it is a stretch to suggest that the Federalists feared the power of the state legislators, but rather they chose to not underestimate its role. The creation of political conventions where the common man voted, sought to sidestep any potential resistance that the states could have applied. By choosing to create an entirely new political structure in the form of the national conventions, the Republicans were being proactive in their strategy of eliminating the opposition, rather than reacting to their fear of the state legislators.
Although the central government was purposefully given a limited amount of power, but delegates did not realize that this would make it that much more difficult to handle problems involving economics, trade disputes, along with other states individual states would have because of the amount of independence they had. Even though the Articles of Confederation gave the United States the power to negotiate international treaties, they did not have a centralized authority which meant any international government could not negotiate with the United States. This made the US miss out on a lot of available trade opportunities that were open to them and could have benefitted them and their economy. The lack of regulations and laws led to high levels of inflation which led to the states having very little economic
The primary economic reason the Articles of Confederation failed was no power to tax by the central government. The founders of the Articles of Confederation were so fearful of making another tyrannical government that they doomed themselves from the start; first by making the central government extremely weak and further did not allow that same governing body to tax for funding its on existence. “There was no president and no national court, and the powers of the national legislature were strictly limited. Most authority rested with the state legislatures because many leaders feared that a strong central government would become as tyrannical as British rule (Edwards, pg.37)”. Further, the legislature was one chamber with vote per state, amendments
In the Virginia Resolution, written on December 24, 1798, legislator James Madison opposed the acts, as Congress was exercising “a power not delegated by the Constitution,” and in actuality, Congress acted in an “expressly and positively forbidden” manner against the amendments by approving of the Alien and Sedition Acts. The power given to the president should have been a “universal alarm” to Americans because it “leveled against [the] right (...) of free communication among the people,” (Madison). Madison depicted that the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional because it gave Congress, specifically the president, too much control of people’s liberties, that was not condoned in the Constitution. He argued that the acts did not protect people’s
The federalists formed in 1791 led by Alexander Hamilton, who were mainly New England merchants. They were for a strong central government, the newly written constitution, and the national bank. During the 1970s, the Federalists’ ideologies and beliefs were against the norms of society. The Federalist eventually collapsed and never held power again after 1801. Their opposing party was the Democratic-Republican Party led by Thomas Jefferson and former Anti-Federalists.
States could simply ignore certain laws without any repercussions. Citizens also lacked the ability to file cases against the national government, because there was no court system in place for a lawsuit. One major difference in the Articles of Confederation and its successor-The Constitution of the United States-was its lack of a chief executive. Without a chief executive the United States was left without a presidential figure to handle foreign affairs. The United States even received complaints from nations such as Britain, because they lacked the knowledge of whom to contact in order to initiate diplomacy.
Federally issued paper currency was rendered worthless as there was no way to regulate interstate commerce and the law-making process was nearly impossible seeing as it required two-thirds of state votes. All of the aforementioned nonsense called for a particularly bitter nation, and this lack of fondness towards the government led to an equally problematic and especially violent country, most notably in Shays ' Rebellion of 1776. Enter the supreme law of the land, otherwise known as the United States Constitution. In 1788, this document officially replaced the Articles of Confederation, and is still currently the basis for all American law. Its goal was to make the nation more republic-like, while also maintaining peaceful relations between states.
1a. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress didn’t have the power to tax the colonies so their only option was to request the states for money, which often ended in rejection. Because Congress had so little money to regulate the army/navy and resolve crises, they sold off western lands and printed worthless print money in desperate attempts to do without money. The constitution solves this dilemma by giving Congress the power to make revenue through taxing and borrowing and also the power to appropriate funds. In addition, the Articles prohibited Congress from regulating commerce which meant inhibited foreign trade and a weak national economy.
The legislative branch also know as Congress, but that did not face the give the government a lot of power. “Congress didn 't have power to create tax, draft troops, stop states from printing their own money, they couldn 't make tariffs, and there was no chief executive” (Enotes Martin Murphey) those were some flaws in the Articles of Confederation, Congress had limited power making the United States weak. For those following reasons the