There are different ways to perceive the concept of personality. Some scientists define it as a set of characteristics that are dependent of culture, ethnicity, and gender. The first is the psychoanalytic perspective that describes that the childhood experiences and the unconscious mind are responsible for creating the personality. Erikson described that social elements are important in carrying out the development of individual personality. Carl Jung took an entirely different perspective, and totally focused on personality archetypes which are present in the unconscious mind as a collective identity. The humanistic perspective focuses on the development of free will and personal awareness. It describes that people of inherently good, as long as they are not affected by a bad experience during their developmental years. Another perspective is in terms of traits. This perspective describes that human personality can best described in terms of specific characteristics that allows us to understand how different individuals behave and compare with each other. The social cognitive perspective …show more content…
We all have that undeveloped part of our mind that raises questions of taking part in different pleasures. The superego represents the concept of our inner conscience, which is also termed as our moral compass. This is often developed through our particular experiences in our social setting and therefore, brings in the social element. The ego provides rationality to human decision making in this case, and essentially describes what is “self” in other methodologies such as Jung’s theory of archetypes (Freud, 2011). Although we have different concepts present on personality, I still believe the original concept of Freud as having different parts of human nature conflicting with each other, has the capacity to explain personality development and its rational
Sternberg stated in relation to personality - "There are as many definitions of personality as there are personality psychologists" (Sternberg 1994). From this statement we can deduce that personality is something difficult to understand and define. Similarly, Eysenck spoke of personality one of the most general and unclearly defined terms in psychology. (Eysenck, 1967) In broad terms, personality can be defined the enduring characteristics of an individual that describe patterns of thinking, feelings and behaviour.
When it comes to Freud’s psychanalytical theory, he considered our personalities and behaviours to stem from three different structures: the id, the ego and the superego. The id is totally unconscious. It operates in a totally irrational way, seeking only pleasure. The ego is driven
Personality refers to a set of individual differences in characteristic patterns that affect how a person think, feel and behave of various life event(Israel Ali,2012) Humanistic perspective: This perspective emphasizes on the capability of human to think consciously and rationally. Humans considered as having free will, therefore it is possible for people to choose their destiny and achieve self actualization. From Maslow 's hierarchy of needs , self-actualization refers to the priority of human motivation, the most advanced drive of humans, the goal of our inner personality and our attempt to recognize ourselves.
INTRODUCTION " Personality is the moral force governing body within the individual of those psychophysical scheme that determine his characteristics behavior and though " (Allport, 1961, p. 28). “A combine of attribute that makes a person unique” (Weinberg & Gould, 1999). One inclusive definition for personality is by Pervin (1996, p.414. pg.3) who cited: " Personality is the intricate associations of insights, influences, and practices that provide guidance and example to the individual 's life.
Personality defines a person. Due to personality humans are able to differentiate themselves among others. It’s an important concept and its origin should be questioned. Is personality an inborn concept or are humans predisposed to factors that form and shape their personality? In "Sex and Temperament," Margaret Mead explores this concept.
Erikson proposed various stages of psychological development that progresses as life move from one stage to another from infancy till reaching state of late adulthood. The generativity versus stagnation stage is linked with middle age adulthood while ego integrity versus despair stage is linked with late adulthood explained for person. Each stage has its own positive and negative output that influence individual thought process and approach towards society. There are various physical and cognitive changes that occur in late adulthood and that eventually lead to death or dying process. The approach towards life to manage integrity or despair defines the way death is accepted by individual or further outcome is achieved gradually in the process.
Sigmund Freud discussed that the id, which is present at birth, is impulsive desires that need immediate gratification. The ego develops, as a person grows older, this consists a more rational part of one’s personality that is basically what creates impulse control. The superego is the third and final part of the personality, which mediates between the needs of the id and the ego, it finds a perfect balance and is critical of what needs to follow through on and pursue. The superego is basically somewhat of a person’s moral code. In terms of criminal behavior, it is said that delinquency and crime are a result of a weak superego that cannot control the id. On the contrary, an extremely strong superego can cause an individual to become very much ashamed to violate social norms and thus keep the individual from ever engaging in criminal
The humanistic perspective on personality bargains solely with human conduct. Humanistic psychology trust that human instinct incorporates a characteristic drive towards self-awareness. People have the flexibility to pick what they do paying little respect to ecological variables, and people are for the most part cognizant creatures and are not controlled by oblivious needs and clashes. They likewise trust that a man 's subjective perspective of the world is more vital than target reality (McLeod, S. 1970).
In other words, ego mediates between the urges of the id and the moral strictures of others in the super-ego. It is the decision making component of personality. Ideally the ego works by reason. Yet Freud states that “In popular language, we may say that the ego stands for reason and circumspection, while the id stands for the untamed passions.” Another province, of the psyche, which he called the superego, is really a projection of the ego.
Humanistic perspective studies each uniques person and how their thoughts and behaviors are a result of their feelings about themselves. Humanists, such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, identify basic human needs that need to be met in order for the person to achieve their own version of success and happiness. The behaviorist perspective studies how the environment affects observable behaviors. Famous behaviorist studies conducted by Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner demonstrated how behavior is conditioned by stimuli in the environment. The cognitive perspective focuses on how humans process information.
The video, Humanistic Psychology Third Force by Daryl Bambic discusses the humanistic theories of Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. It presents us with how Rogers and Maslow see personality as guided by each person's experience and values. The humanistic theory of psychology stresses the positive side of human nature and believes that the desire in the human being is to be healthy and to grow to be the best person they can be. Humanistic theorists also believe there is a desire in each person to grow and to achieve self-actualization, that we each have a unique desire to fulfill our own potential. This perspective of psychology emphasizes the positive side of people.
INTRODUCTION Alfred Adler was born on February 7, 1870 in the suburbs of Vienna. He was the second of six children. His father was a Jewish grain merchant. He is the founder of Adlerian Psychology (Individual Psychology). His childhood was not idyllic.
PERSONALITY: “An individual characteristics pattern of thinking, feeling and acting (Winston, 1937).” Explanation: Personality studies behavior, cognition, emotions and motivation that effects the individual’s attitude, expectations and values. Usually the personality splits into different parts often called Big Five theory (Lucas, 2004). The five components included in this theory are: Emotional stability.
Introduction Ego is part of a personality that mediates the demands of the identity, the superego and reality. The ego prevents us from acting on our basic urges (created by the identity), but also works to achieve a balance with our moral and idealistic standards (created by the superego). While the ego operates in both the preconscious and conscious its strong ties to the identity means that it also operates in the unconscious state http://psychology.about.com/od/eindex/g/def_ego.htm (Anon:2015). The ego operates based on the reality principle, which works to satisfy the id's desires in a manner that is realistic and socially appropriate.
Freud was confident that virtuous esteems are imparted by society as the sense of self and superego create. He additionally trusted that ecological and social collaboration presented the agenda which harvests the ethical code of the sense of self and superego. Fruitful progression directs beneficial adjustment on the planet. (Feist,