The topic of research is, “how fast does an Alka-Seltzer tablet make gas?”. In the experiment, the scientists will be measuring the chemical reaction rates that occur, when 1 Alka-Seltzer tablet is placed in a specific temperature of water. The independent variable during the experiment will be the temperature of the water (degrees Celsius). The dependent variable during the experiment will be, the rate in which gas is produced (in seconds). The constants of the experiment, will be the amount of water used and the Alka Selter compound.
In this experiment, the behaviour of water during boiling process is observed. When water is heated to boiling temperature at constant volume, different regimes are observed until it reaches to saturation pressure. If the pressure is above 1.013 bar, the water is supersaturated. The pressure at which boiling occurs is known as saturation pressure. The standard conditions at which water boiling take place are 100C and 1.013 bar.
The products in both methods were used for recrystallization and TLC. For recrystallization, boiling ethanol was used as the solvent. In the TLC procedure, 90/10 hexane and ethyl acetate was used. NMR was collected for products used in these methods. In this experiment, method 1 generate a mixture of yellowish crystals and a yellowish gluey product.
AIM To design an investigation to study the kinetics of a reaction of your choice RESEARCH QUESTION With respect to hydrochloric acid (HCl), what is the order of reaction in the reaction between HCl and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) determined by changing the concentration of HCl and measuring the volume of carbon dioxide gas (CO2) collected in 30 seconds whilst keeping the mass of the powdered CaCO3 constant and the temperature of the reaction system at 25oC? BACKGROUND INFORMATION Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is a chemical compound that is commonly found in rocks such as chalk, limestone, marble and travertine in all parts of the world. It also used as a form of medicine as a dietary supplement for a person with insufficient calcium intake because calcium is needed by the body for healthy bones, muscles, nervous system, and heart. CaCO3 is also used as an antacid to relieve
A hydrate is a compound, where water molecules are chemically bounded to another compound or element. An anhydrate is the substance remaining after removing water from a hydrate. The hydrate in this lab was Copper Sulfate. The hydrates formula is CuSO4 times xH2O. The purpose of this lab was to pull the water from a hydrate to expose the anhydrate and calculate what the hydrate is by finding the formula for the
Explain how the molarity of the standard solution (the alkali) was calculated in the experiment (equation explained)- 0.1M of NaOH is required, this equation will be used: Concentration = moles volume This will be rearranged to find the moles needed to carry out the experiment. The concentration of the experiment using NaOH is 0.1M so we just need to rearrange the equation to find the molarity. 0.1 x 0.250 = 0.0250 moles Number of moles = mass RFM 0.0250 = mass 40 0.0250 x 40 + 1g (mass) Explain how this enabled you to accurately calculate the molarity of each acid used in the titrations (equations explained)- Molarity of the acid = molarity of the alkali x volume of the alkali volume of acid Firstly we will need to add up all of the volumes found within the titration to find an average: 13.10+13.20+13.10= 13.13 Molarity of Ethanoic acid = 0.1 x 25.00 = 0.190 mol dm-3 13.13 Molarity of Hydrochloric acid = 1.0 x 25.00 = 0.077 mol dm-3 32.53
When the bicarbonate ions collide with hydrogen ions, it produces carbonic acid. Carbonic acid, then decomposes and creates water plus carbon dioxide. The water and carbon dioxide are incorporated because of temperature. Temperature is the measure of the average heat or thermal
This yield will be used as a basis to determine the yield percentages after extraction. The three solvents namely hexane, heptane and pentane will be tested simultaneously using three soxhlet extractors. A flask half filled with the organic solvent will be attached to the soxhlet extractor containing the plant material. The cooling water will be turned on for the condensing unit. The extractors with the flasks will be placed on a heating mantle.
PREPARING THE SOLUTIONS: First the sodium hydroxide solution needs to be prepared for the experiment. 250 ml of 0.1 M NaOH solution needs to be prepared from the solid pellets of sodium hydroxide. This solution was prepared in a 250-mL volumetric flask using distilled water. The solution was made using the following method: i. The volumetric flask was approximately filled 75% full with distilled water through the funnel.
Abstract The unknown concentration of benzoic acid used when titrated with standardized 0.1031M NaOH and the solubility was calculated at two different temperatures (20◦C and 30◦C). With the aid of the Van’t Hoff equation, the enthalpy of solution of benzoic acid at those temperatures was determined as 10.82 KJ. This compares well with the value of 10.27KJ found in the literature. Introduction Solubility is a chemical property that is measured in terms of the maximum amount of solute dissolved in a solvent at equilibrium. The resulting solution is called saturated solution.
Methodology: The distillation column was analyzed theoretically using McCabe Thiele to establish the number of stages required for separation. The vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data for methanol and 2-propanol was used to plot curves of methanol-vapor fraction versus methanol-liquid fraction, and methanol liquid-vapor fraction versus temperature. III. Results: From the results, the average efficiency was 0.4308, 0.3778, and 0.4956 at 0.57kW supplied (30.58 mL/min Feed; 26.30 mL/min Boil Up), 0.94kW (30.58 mL/min Feed; 52.96 mL/min Boil Up), and 1.27kW (30.58 mL/min Feed; 77.50 mL/min Boil Up) respectively. From the experiment, it was observed that the quality