John Henrik Clarke was an insightful child, born into a poor sharecropper’s family in Union Springs, Alabama, January 1, 1915. His sharecropping and farming parents were named John and Willie Ella Clark. He moved to New York at 18 years old during the Harlem Renaissance movement. John Henrik Clarke developed a desire to learn about Black history when he came across two writers named Arthur Schomburg and Alan Locke, who helped pioneer the cultural, creative, philosophical and intellectual Harlem Renaissance era or New Negro Movement, 1920s and 1930s. Arthur Schomburg 's "The Negro Digs Up His Past" and Alain Locke 's "The New Negro", 1925 essays were postmarks in Clarke’s life to motivate him to take the first real step on the pathway of intellectual development and historical African discovery.
When people think of the Harlem Renaissance they think of music, literature, art, and the ability for African-Americans to be able to showcase their talents. This was a time where such authors like Langston Hughes were able to take their thoughts and portray them in a different light for the world to see. Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri where he lived for a brief period until his parents split and he was forced to live with his grandmother. He lived with her until thirteen when she shipped him back off to his mom in Lincoln, Illinois. Upon graduating high school, he attended Columbia University for one year then decided to travel to Africa and Europe before settling down in Washington D.C.
In 1920, Hughes became a centre of attention after publishing his first poem The Negro Speaks of the River in The Crisis in the summer following his graduation from high school. Hughes studied in Columbia University in 1921 for a year then moved to Harlem during its golden era to become “a part of its burgeoning cultural movement” which was known as the Harlem Renaissance
Another Christian celebration is Pentecost, which marks the event where the Holy Spirit descended on the disciples after Jesus’ death and resurrection. Pentecost is also the time of baptism of new members of the church. (Fisher, 2008, pg.
The Addams Family musical is inspired by the creations of the legendary American cartoonist Charles Addams, who lived from 1912 until 1988. Addams had a wonderful childhood complete with devoted parents and middle-class comforts. His first foray into art was at the age of eight when he was arrested for breaking into a Victorian house that was undergoing repairs and drawing skeletons all over the walls. According to Linda Davis, Addams’ biographer, young Charles was “known as something of a rascal around the neighborhood.”
The devices Britain used had an affect on life. Andy Warhol was an American Draftsman, Filmmaker, Painter, and Printmaker. He was the third born child to Czechoslovakian immigrants parents named Ondrej and Ulja on August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. When Andy was only 14 years old his father passed away, but he did leave money for one purpose and that was to be used for higher learning, and the family decided that Andy would benefit the most from having a college education.
The short story “Battle Royal” was written by Ralph Ellison, set during the 1950’s racism is very noticeable and you will be stunned by how the blacks are treated. Ralph Ellison was born in Oklahoma in 1914 and later attended Tuskegee Institute in Alabama where he studied music. In 1936 he moved to New York City and planned to work at a job in order to pay off college. Little did he know he would get the chance to work from the New York Federal Writers Program. He gained himself a reputation as a writer off of one book, “Invisible Man” and became successful.
John Steinbeck plays a significant role in the literary works of the American society because of the unique attributes of language and art that he applied to his social perception of society during his era. Being born of a middle-class family in the February of 1902, John was inspired into the arts by his mother, a teacher, he later took on six years of literature and creative courses at Standford without obtaining a degree. After college, the young Steinbeck wrote his first novel, Cup of Gold, in 1929, but it was the novel Tortilla Flat in 1935 that gave Steinbeck his successful debut. His published works shaped many social and politic aspects of life in the 20th century. He was known as a “realist” or a “naturalist” when it came to how
Walt was one of four boys and one girl- Roy, Raymond, Ruth, and Herbert. He was born in the northwest side of Chicago, Illinois, but lived most of his childhood in Marceline, Missouri. In Missouri Walt took his first drawing classes, and developed his love for trains. This was because his uncle, Mike Martin, was a train engineer. One summer Walt worked a summer job in the train station where he sold snacks and newspapers to other travelers.
4.1. William Blake William Blake was born on 28 November 1757 in a modest family of hardworking parents, third of six children. He was an engraver, painter, visionary and lastly, an underrated poet at that time. Since an early age, he was interested in visual art and blessed with drawing talent, which his parents, fortunately, recognized and sent him to drawing apprenticeship. Later, in his twenties, he attended the Royal Academy of Arts in London where he had the opportunity to get formal training and annual exhibitions (Krueger, 2003).
It all began in 1856 when Amos Kendall became the guardian of some blind and deaf children who were not properly cared for. He set up a school and house for them, and then Edward Gallaudet took on from there as the school superintendent. The next year, Congress permitted the school to start. It was called The Columbia Institution for the Deaf and the Dumb and the Blind.
He lived in a house in Braintree, Massachusetts. On February 1778, John Quincy Adams 's dad had to go on a dangerous trip to France and John (Almost 11) was brave enough to ask his father if he could go. Adams attended schools in Paris and Amsterdam. His studies allowed him to join the junior class at Harvard University, and he graduated in 1787. Adams studied law for three years, and in 1790, he began his own practice.
William learned to draw at a young age. He went to Harvard College for two years. The third year, his widowed mother took him and her four children to the south of France in 1844. After a year of being in the South of France, William went to Paris and became a pupil of Thomas Couture from 1846 to 1852. He returned to the United States in 1854 and two years later moved to Newport, Rhode Island, where he painted and took a few pupils.
Aaron Douglas “Surrender” I decided to do my African American Art project on Aaron Douglas. Aaron was born in Topeka, Kansas in 1899. As he grew older Aaron got his degrees from Univ. of Nebraska and Univ. of Kansas he moved to Harlem where he studied with Winold Reiss then later became very popular during the Harlem Renaissance and was known for a signature style that forged elements of African Art with a modern European aesthetic.
On his way there he wrote one of his most famous poems, “The Negro Speaks of Rivers.” This would be his first published work, and would appear in the magazine Crisis when he was only 19. His father agreed to fund Hughes’ first year at Columbia, but due to difficulties in receiving the funds from his father, challenges with the administration and fellow students because of his race, he left at the end of his first year. However, while he was studying at Columbia, he visited Harlem, New York for the first time.