The major thesis in this book, are broken down into two components. The first is how we define racism, and the impact that definition has on how we see and understand racism. Dr. Beverly Tatum chooses to use the definition given by “David Wellman that defines racism as a system of advantages based on race” (1470). This definition of racism helps to establish Dr. Tatum’s theories of racial injustice and the advantages either willingly or unwillingly that white privilege plays in our society today. The second major thesis in this book is the significant role that a racial identity has in our society.
Racism like other sociological concepts has existed throughout human’s history. It is defined as the conviction that a particular race is superior to the other according to their moral and social characteristics. This term is often negatively viewed, especially in terms of morals; therefore, if somebody appears to be a racist, he or she is described as unworthy or immoral. The believe that passage of civil rights legislation did away with racially discriminatory practices has made most white Americans and African Americans to lack recognition that racism exists. Wellman, (1993) emphasizes that race is a solemn category in America, how one is racially chosen greatly affects the experience of being an American.
This argument connects to the theory of Law in the Book vs. Law in Action, and relates to how this type of discrimination from the law affects society. In particular, the way the Law is written in codes, statutes, judicial opinions that supposedly support the righteousness of justice, is a far cry from the way the Law actually operates. Despite substantial progress in recent years, racial discrimination remains a significant problem in the United States. I will prove this argument with the help of various peer-reviewed articles, and non-scholarly article that examine this unequal behavior.
In the media, African Americans shortcomings and failures are emphasized frequently. “Instead of using traditional racism which is seen as unacceptable in contemporary society because it is more blatant and obvious racism, modern racism is used” (Entman 1992:341). Examples of traditional racism include: using racial slurs when addressing African American people, using images that contain exaggerated features such as big lips, tough hair, wide nostrils, or portraying African Americans as unintelligent. This kind of philosophy had been more prevalent from slavery to the civil rights era. “Modern racism is defined as a compound of hostility, rejection, and denial on the part of whites toward the activities and aspirations of African Americans”
Racial injustice is when people are denied rights based on their race and/or racial background. History has shown us that racial injustice has been a huge issue. Racial discrimination has been happening ever since the discovery of America. When Columbus discovered America in the 1500s, the europeans were very racist to the native americans. This was the start of racial discrimination in America that turned into racial injustice.
Racism is the belief of one or certain race has different characteristics or it can also means one group is superior to other group. Racism is defined as “the belief that all members of a purported race possess characteristics, abilities, or qualities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or other races” (Carlos Hoyt Jr., 2012). According to Day (2009) study (as cited in Kulaszewicz, 2015) wrote that "racism is prejudice with power against people of color: African-American, Hispanic, Asian American, and Native Americans". Meanwhile, the relationship between racism and media can be traced back during the beginning era of television where the history of mass media intended to discriminate minority and only support the power of dominant group where media plays a big role in promoting racial segregation (Luther et al., 2012, p. 322). Media is the medium of all means of mass communication which includes, television, radio, newspaper and the internet.
Groups may be almost identical physiologically, but still be divided against each other on the basis of culture, language, religion, and nationality. Even here in America, we see the ongoing issue of racial inequality that is left over from segregation and slavery in the early imperialistic world. David A. Graham’s article “Sandra Bland and the Long
However, this is simply untrue. This quote can lead someone to believe that all juries are racist, while many people who are in a jury are in fact just trying to do what is right in their eyes. This quote can also lead somebody to think that all races are arrested at the same rate, even when different races are arrested at different rates. According to statistics from the Bureau
The audacity of whites came their various oppressions before landing in America, Douglass states, “that they had conquered the sea, and had conquered the land, but that it remained for them to conquer their prejudices,” (Douglass, 568). Educated philosophers preach the Negro inferior to the white man, Du Bois states, “Many Americans social philosophers still persist in ascribing to Negro inferiority,” (Du Bois, 42). In today it is not directly stated, but rather suggested. White is still ideal, from personal experience, some private schools in Washington D.C have a minority cap to only allow an exact number of students of color. The schools where more students of color were allowed had funding issues, thus making it difficult to have the latest tools and labs to teach in.
People experience racism on a wide scale of intent and severity, from outright violence or hate speech to micro-aggressions. However, the true paradox of the modern age in regards to racism stems from those individuals who believe in racial equality, yet still hold onto prejudices and practice micro-aggressions. These people may now be more influential and pose more of a threat to social progress than those who are outright bigots. Avowed bigots are now immediately denounced and shunned by the media, and understood to be ignoramuses by decent and educated people. However, those decent and educated people who recognize the monstrosity of racism are the same ones committing micro-aggressions and half-heartedly believing in and reinforcing prejudices