Dbq Ap World History

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American president: Eisenhower.
USSR leader: Khrushchev.
NATO, created in 1949 to stop the spread of communism - Belgium and United States. (Natufe 354)
WTO, created in 1955, an alliance of Eastern European communist countries - USSR. (Natufe 355)
Cuba
He invited Congolese and other African left leaders to Cuba for military training. ( Villafaña 8)
He orchestrated three “Vietnams” to defeat the United States. (Villafaña 15)
Vietnam crisis happening in Asia.
Vietnam in Latin America, focusing on specific countries.
Vietnam in Africa, focusing on the Congo - Che Guevara would be in charge.
He wanted to implement the ideology of communism and was interested in the Congo because of its mineral wealth and because a Confederation. with Tanzania,
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(Villafaña 6)
The USSR and the U.S. understood the need to avoid military conflict with each other so countries not in the NATO and WTO became the best battle grounds colonial and newly independent countries in Asia and Africa (Natufe 355)
Partnered with Africa’s anti-colonial movement in 1956 (Natufe 356)
Soviet foreign minister stated if the USSR could not get an Italian country, it should focus on Belgian Congo. (Namikas 80)
Krushchev became the leader of anti-imperialism in Africa to increase the communist movement (Namikas 81)
Seen as a threat because it would give military help to countries who had the same beliefs. (Namikas 148)
Patrice Lumumba
Fought for the independence of the Congo.
He described himself as an African nationalist and not a communist. (Gerard et al 58)
He was seen as “ another or worse Fidel Castro” by the CIA. (Namikas 146)
If he stayed in power, communism would take over the country which would be a global disaster, as thought by the CIA director. (Villafaña 6)
Turned to the United States and the Soviet Union because he did not trust Belgium to help for the independence (Namikas
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