Mature connective tissue consists of three components and can be divided into six types. (Slomianka, 2009) Figure 3: Components and type of connective tissue. Cartilage and bone connective tissue those are in supporting connective tissue, differ from the other connective tissue, which is having a less various cell population and a matrix that contains much more densely packed fibres. The functions of supporting tissues are to support weight of part of all of the body and protect tissue. Bones connective tissue or also called osseous tissue, have a small volume of ground substance- found between the fibre and connective tissues that contain insoluble crystals of calcium salt.
More osteoclasts can form than osteoblasts, in this case osteoporosis can manifest itself. Bone is also made up of a lot of collagen which is the most abundant protein in the body. There is cancellous bone (spongy, internal bone) and compact bone (harder and external bone). At the joints between bones there is hyaline cartilage that acts as a shock absorber and allows the bones to glide along each other. Inside bones there is a substance called bone marrow.
One of the most crucial functions of Calcium is the strengthening of bones. Phosphorus is used to generate energy for the body. The bones constantly release minerals in order for processes to undergo. It is also essential for minerals to flow well for digestion to occur. Smooth muscles are tissues that line hollow organs for example blood vessels and digestive tracts.
The composition of the long bone itself mainly of collagen fibers and an inorganic bone mineral in form of small crystals, In vivo bone (living bone in the bone the body) contains 10% and 20% of water of its dry mass, approximately 60-70% is bone mineral. Structure of the long bone are those that they are longer than they are wide. They are one of five types of bones, long short flat irregular and seasmoid. Long bones especially the femur and tibia are subjected to most of the load during daily activities and they are crucial for skeletal mobility. The long bone is that it allows movement , particularly in the limbs eg the femur (thigh bone) tibia and fibula (lower leg bones) humerus (upper arm bone), the radius and the ulna (lower arm).
The gelatin/HAP nanostructured scaffolds exhibited mechanical strength comparable to the spongy bone with an excellent capacity of cell attachment, migration and penetration into the pores of the nanocomposite. Thus, it can be concluded that both Collagen and Gelatin have been emerging as
INTRODUCTION Fracture is defined as discontinuation of bone meaning the two bones is separated. The range of broken bones can be from a thin crack to a complete break. A crack (not only a break) in the bones is also known as fracture. It can be fracture of crosswise, lengthwise, in several places or into many pieces. Typically, it happens when the bone was subjected to impact of more force or pressure than it can withstand.
Women as carers often report poorer physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing because of their caring responsibilities. This can be associated with disturbed sleep, being physically injured while providing care, and the constant pressure of caring. Time spent caring, and coping strategies, are factors in shaping carer stress. Within the caring population, female carers in particular experienced much lower levels National Women’s Health Policy 2010 of mental health compared to both male carers and the general population. This included increased levels of clinical depression, with over 50 per cent of female carers reporting being depressed for six months or more since they started caring.
In mechanical terms, the scaffold must be capable, weight bearing on the duration of the demolition and replacement of tissues, because it is, primary tissue produced, the process of regeneration, very soft and flexible and are easily transformed.over time, this tissue, more strength, finds that at the same time, by dissolution scaffolding and on the other hand, the mechanical properties of scaffolds, bone, should not be a big difference, because it leads to stress concentration and lack of regeneration and degeneration leads to healthy tissue. In this respect, nanotechnology and in particular electrospinning as the production technology of Nanofibers has been of interest to scientists, nnanofibers the perfect pick for the purpose of natural extracellular matrix, in vitro. Due to the propinquity of the construction in the structure of fibrous tissue and extracellular matrix and as well as highly effective surface for adhesion and growth of cells, research on this scaffold are
Thanks to the implant, the missing teeth are replaced and the teeth perform their normal function and they would look naturally and beautifully in terms of aesthetics. In the current state of dentistry, the dental implants certainly constitute the best and natural dental treatment for replacing missing teeth. While implants provide better speech and chewing function
Both extrinsic as well as intrinsic factors are contributors to the condition. Extrinsic causes include the training intensity and frequency, the type of training surfaces and footwear. Studies have shown that as compared to those would use softer surfaces, players of similar sport and roles in training who used cement surfaces are more likely to experience this condition (Ferretti, 1986). Not only that, the players’ percentage number too increased with the number of trainings held per week. In addition, intrinsic factors include the biomechanical modifications in the extensor mechanism of the knee.