Haymarket Bombing Bad things happen all over the world and many people are affected wither they want to be or not. Some of those people can be innocent bystanders who have none or little knowledge as to what is going on. People have to suffer when it comes to others and the decisions they make. On May 4, 1886 in Chicago an event happened that people would still be affected till this day. A protest had been happening because of labor laws.
Part of this is the trade skills that varies between employees and also what degrees they have. Some jobs are more hazardous than others that cause these employees to be vulnerable every day and to jeopardize their lives with every second and every move they make. Some of these jobs include being electricians, firefighters, policemen, etc. With electricians, the linemen are going to make more than the person that spots him. Even though they are both in the same harsh conditions throughout the seasons, the lineman has a higher chance of getting hurt because he is actually working with the electrical lines.
From then, many other organizations were created such as the Women’s Trade Union League, which was formed at an American Federation of Labor (AFL) Convention in 1903. At these conventions, it resolves problems that guide other labor movements and improve lives of workers in America. Since the AFL was created, many other labor unions have been found to better every aspect of their lives. In 1973, the Pennsylvania Labor History Society (PLHS) was founded. They mainly focus on documenting and commemorating the history of working men and women and their labor struggles in Pennsylvania.
George Pullman might say that he wanted to listen the worker’s demands by inviting them to share their complaints with him. However, his actions showed that his true intentions were not to arbitrate the disputes, but to declare that he will fire anyone who complains about the wages. When Pullman was visited by 43 workers asking for lower rents or higher wages, he, in return, fired three members of the grievance committee, while claiming that he had no more use for their services. Workers were kicked out for simply explaining their financial difficulties to him, while others decided to quit because of the way Pullman treated the workers that he fired. Not only was this an irrational response, Pullman was not even trying to listen to these people.
Encouraging growth within small businesses would aid the economy in not allowing big business to take over; however, that lead to questions regarding labor reform. He also made choices in Presidency that we still see today, as a requirement, such as establishing an office in the Capitol and press conferences. Both of these changes allowed Wilson to address issues with Congress immediately and more efficiently. Woodrow Wilson was definitely a progressive and his actions made an impact on all Americans. He advocated many progressive goals such as the exploitation issue by labor legislation for both women and children; furthermore, he limited all Americans to a certain number of hours per day, as well as a wage that was beneficial to everyone.
During the Progressive Era, most employers were not concerned with workers rights and focused more on profit than human rights or safety. The poor working class, as well as immigrants who had worked in the United States for a while, became infuriated over the unfair treatment and working conditions of which they suffered. Hugh Rockoff explains, “…industrialization had alienated the workingman…” (Rockoff 747). Workers felt unappreciated and that without rising up against their employers, they would be left starving,homeless, or dead. Workers wanted more money, an eight hour workday, safe working conditions, and protection against wage cutting.
They were often surrounded by trash which smell was almost unbearable. They were also near to the factories where many worked at. In these factories, the working conditions were just horrible. In the book “The Jungle, ” it described the horrible working conditions and showed that all the jobs in that factory could cause you your limbs or even your life. This lead to many workers to do strikes but were mostly taken down.
Similarly, organized labor (such as the National Labor Union, Knights of Labor, and the American Federation of Labor) grew to oppose dreadful conditions through political action or direct confrontation. However, just as the working class did, the employers fostered fear and hatred of the unions in the public eye. For example, in the Haymarket
Unions have paved the way to the improved work environment that we enjoy today; for the past 150 years they have been setting the standards that benefit us all. The argument has been made that unions are no longer relevant due to government regulations that protect workers and improved working conditions. However, unionized workplaces provide many benefits to all workers and there are still injustices within workplaces that unions work to correct. Unions have improved the working conditions for all workers. Higher wages are not the only benefit, unions also provide workers with maternity/parental leave, vacation pay, health benefits, better working conditions, protection from discrimination and workplace safety standards.
The factories were often unsafe and unfair to the workers. With many people living in poor, terrible conditions, child labor, working with little pay, and often getting hurt on the job, people started to form labor unions (Ellis and Esler 620). The early formation of unions helped create things that are used today for workers, such as workers compensation, which will compensate a injured worker and not allow them to be fired, and wages rose. To continue the push for the industrial revolution, a new innovation was made. Electricity was to replace steam.
This would damage business which would therefore damage the economy. The government would have to step in, whether directly or indirectly to maintain the stability of the system. Many workers created unions to protect workers and bully companies. “With the miners resisting, refusing to give in, the mines not able to operate, the Colorado governor (referred to by a Rockefeller mine manager as 'our little cowboy governor ') called out the National Guard, with the Rockefellers supplying the Guard 's wages” (Zinn Online). The government was willing to defend the capitalist businesses from socialist workers demanding more rights.
For the railroad workers, the strike represented a chance to express their grievances toward their employers. By destroying equipment, disrupting rail services, and rioting, they fought for their wages, hours, and working conditions.The employers viewed that the differences between them and their workers increased after the Panic of 1873, and pay cuts in 1877 pushed many of the workers to form a strike. The government viewed the strike as a violent disruption to the railroads, their biggest industry at the time. They showed this when they helped employers by sending in federal troops to stop the protests, and ended the chance for workers to gain concessions from their employers. The Railroad strike showed how the disputes between workers and employers could no longer be localized in the new economy, and the deep resentment that workers had toward their employers.
They also feel unions are crippling our economy and forcing jobs overseas. Collective bargaining also makes it difficult to terminate employees for subordinate behavior. Not to mention, union strikes impact the communities they serve and jeopardize the economy. These are all troubling fact about unions however, without them employees face unfair treatment, lower wages and employment at will termination. Consequently, employers will gain the upper hand!
The politicians felt that the immigrants were a threat to them staying in power. To remain in power the politicians forced for laws such as the National Immigration Act of 1924, and the Chinese Exclusion Act to stay in power. They kept others out of the country, those seeking refuge, because they were afraid of losing their jobs. The nativist politicians did horrible things the immigrants, because they were scared of them and what they brought. In the progressive era, the textile factory owners were scared of the strikers.
For workers who are in a union, their union will assures that they are being treated properly and fairly by their employers, are getting paid fairly and are working in safe conditions. Unions also advocate on behalf of employees for things like wages and benefits. The vital roles of unions have not changed much since unions started to form, and are mostly reflective of the employees major concerns. For example, one thing that unions supported in the past was an increase in wage and better hours for employees whereas today, unions support equality in pay between women and men. Though some union roles change with the times and worker needs, there are some things that are always required such as; proper education, corresponding with other unions internationally and speaking to the government regarding major labour issues.