Once Vespasian became emperor, the Flavian Empire had to do something better. To condemn Nero’s memory, Vespasian wanted to build something more magnificent. The main parts of the Golden House were destroyed and Nero’s lake was drained to build the Flavian Amphitheater, also known as the Colosseum. Similarly to the Domus Aurea, the Colosseum stands as a spectacular monument of the Roman Empire with remarkable architecture and engineering. But, traces of the Domus Aurea could still be seen. Outside of the Colosseum is a standing statue of Nero that has been remodeled to be the Roman Sun God, Solis. This remodeling was done to create a more popular public opinion. Rome was a very large city of over a million people and after Nero’s unfavorable …show more content…
Rome was destroyed by the Great Fire to construct the Domus Aurea, while that was then destroyed to construct other places including the Colosseum, which in turn, took out many animal and human populations. Both emperors wanted to show power but just in different ways, just like Nero, the Colosseum took advantage of slaves. The Domus Aurea was a way for Nero to hold his power, keep it to himself and live how he wanted while draining government money and ignoring the poor community. While, “the Colosseum was a monument extolling the traditional male virtues of courage (virtus), discipline (disciplina) and skill at arms (ars militaris)…Vespasian was trying to re-instill into the ruling classes of Rome the traditional military virtues and traditions which had made Rome triumphant…while the Colosseum was not a monument to deprave, it was a testimony to the power and stability of the social order of Roman society and position if military virtues within that.” The Colosseum stands as a glorious but troubling monument to Roman Imperial power and cruelty. Inside it, for century’s people killed cold bloodedly as entertainment. It seems as if the buildings had gone from one type of extreme to the next. There was very much still a control of power but the values of each monument are different. There are some interesting similarities and ironies in the two monuments like the incredible architecture and engineering, power being exhibited, and it is ironic because the huge stature of Nero that turned into to Solis was once called the colossus which was in turned used as name inspiration for the
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Octavian, who would later be known as Augustus, was the adopted grandnephew of Julius Caesar. After Julius Caesar’s death, Octavian would join with two other rulers named Mark Antony and Lepidus. Together they would become the second triumvirate or group of three rulers. Jealousy took over, and Octavian was the final ruler left of the three. Octavian changed his name to Augustus and became the new emperor of Rome.
The Roman Empire, at its height (c. 117 CE), was the most extensive political and social structure of western civilization. Under Trajan, the empire reached its greatest territorial expanse and his admiration for Greek culture spurred new building programs and classicizing works of art throughout the empire. The marble representation of Trajan at the San Antonio Museum of Art known as (The Lansdowne Trajan, 98-117 A.D.) establishes Trajan as a skilled military commander, an affluent ruler and a god that’s why the torso of this sculpture belonged to a statue of a youthful god and later consolidated with Trajan's head. In The Lansdowne Trajan, the unknown artist utilized fine marble, contrapposto pose, shape and line to capture the dynamism of
The civilization of ancient Rome was one time the mightiest on the planet. Yet it, like any other civilization, began as one small settlement. The Roman Empire suffered numerous complications in its final years. The late Roman empire was frequently invaded by several barbarian groups, most notably the Huns and Vandals.
Suetonius wrote that, “Since he was acclaimed as the equal of Apollo in music and of the Sun in driving a chariot, he had planned to emulate the exploits of Hercules as well; and they say that a lion had been specially trained for him to kill naked in the arena of the amphitheatre before all the people, with a club or by the clasp of his arms” (Suetonius, 226). Although Augustus alluded to his favor with the god, Apollo, Nero did not. He claims to be an equal of the god,
In order to contemplate which feature of Rome is the most unique, one must trace through years of complex history. He or she must unravel the enigma of multifaceted emperors, the greedy elite, and the beginnings of western imperialism. To classify what makes a structure “Roman”, the point of its success must be considered. An ancient Roman would vouch for a feature of civilization if it were the best. If it brought immense success and led to future advancement, it belongs to Rome.
The building is found in Rome and is believed that it was commission by Marcus Agrippa during Augustus ' time. The inscription on the building of the Pantheon says “M•AGRIPPA•L•F•COS•TERTIUM•FECIT” which means “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, the third time consul, built this” (MacDonald, 2002, p. 45). Later on, the Pantheon was rebuilt by Hadrian during the year 125AD. Historically, the Pantheon is constructed as a dedication to the twelve gods of Ancient Romans where it was believed that Romulus rose to heaven on the spot. (MadDonald, 2002).
He was given the name Augustus by the Roman senate and he used many outlets of propaganda during his reign. These outlets ranged from minor details found on construction projects, such as the symbol of fasces on the theater of Marcellus, to large monuments and works of art depicting Augustus’ various strengths a leader. One such work is a well-known Augustan monument called the Ara Pacis, or the altar of Augustan peace. The altar was dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace, and was commissioned by the senate to honor Augustus’ return to Rome after three years abroad. The “Lupercal Panel” depicting the moment when Romulus and Remus are discovered by the Shepherd is considered to be a reminder of Augustus’ deified heritage.
Two very important historic buildings from the Greek and Roman civilizations, namely the Parthenon and the Pantheon respectively, are worthy of academic exploration. An analysis of their function and style will help to put their design and features into perspective, and create a better appreciation for their emulation in Western civilization. These buildings possess very unique individual characteristic designs, which bears testimony to the societies from which they originate. However, they are also a resourceful database of knowledge in terms of their symbolism, rich heritage of their era and application to the present civilization.
In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now. Similarities between Parthenon and Pantheon The Parthenon building in Athens was built and dedicated to the goddess Athena while the Pantheon was also built and similarly dedicated to all the gods of the Romans; hence they are referred to as temples. Furthermore, both buildings were used for public events when such need arises. The Parthenon and Pantheon are both ancient buildings and have strong big columns holding the building as well as serving as decorative pillars.
So you 're just wandering through the twisty mediaeval streets of the centro storico (historical center), and as if the cobblestones and ivy weren 't enough, you turn the corner, and out of nowhere is this massive temple. That 's Rome for you. The best preserved ancient structure in the city, the Pantheon as you see it now was built under Hadrian between AD 120-128 circa, although the pediment above the portico is actually 100 years older and signed by Agrippa (which did in fact confuse archaeologists and historians for years). The round
The Forum of Trajan is a Roman example of axial planning because as you entered through its triumphal arch towards a statue of Trajan in the center, the surrounding structures were at opposite angles and lines, creating a clear sense of order and focus.  The complexity of this planning demonstrates the outlook and organization that went into any of the architecture in Rome and Athens.  While many citizens at the time did not appreciate (or may have not noticed) this visual architectural connection between Rome and Athens, the members of the elite who traveled, did especially the Roman Emperor Augustus. The cities of Rome and Athens became increasingly similar during the Augustan period and created a hybrid style that was influenced by Augustus. Though the exchange in architectural culture between these two cities was common there were subtle difference.
Through this essay I will be discussing the comparisons and the contrast between temples in Greek architecture and roman architecture. I will be commenting on the forms, materials, technology and the siting to compare and contrast the architecture of ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Also I will discuss how these points reflect the structure of the Greek and roman societies from which the temples emerged. Greek Architecture There were three main styles in Greek architecture, these styles were called the Doric style, Ionic style and the Corinthian style.