The fundamental difference between monarchy and tyranny was heredity. Monarchs were rulers by birthright, whereas tyrants assumed power by other means, often including force. Athenian examples of tyrants included Cylon in the 7th century BC and Peisistratus (Pisistratus) in the 5th (Gill, n.d.). Dionysius I and II in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC were tyrants of Syracuse (Encyclopædia Britannica,
Artemisia’s significant impact on Persian history can thus be accounted for three main reasons, her success during the Persian invasion as an advisor, Xerxes’ appraisal of Artemisia and their relationship and the performance of Artemisia relative to her fellow Persian commanders as portrayed by Herodotus. This is majorly supported by the central primary source of the history of Artemisia, Herodotus’
Through this essay I will be discussing the comparisons and the contrast between temples in Greek architecture and roman architecture. I will be commenting on the forms, materials, technology and the siting to compare and contrast the architecture of ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Also I will discuss how these points reflect the structure of the Greek and roman societies from which the temples emerged. Greek Architecture There were three main styles in Greek architecture, these styles were called the Doric style, Ionic style and the Corinthian style. Each of these styles consisted of a vertical support called a column, each column extended from a solid base at the bottom to a shaft in the central part of the column and a capital at the top
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected
The Polis and Ancient Greek Life To the Ancient Greeks, the Polis was the center of their way of life. From socializing to conducting business to even deciding whether to go to war, the Polis was a very important aspect of the Greek’s lives. In the essay, the functions of the Polis will be discussed along with how the Polis managed to bring about the formation of Democracy, with the Polis of the city of Athens being the main example. The importance of the Polis will be explored through this essay because without the Polis, Democracy as we know it may not have ever formed. In ancient Greece, the Polis was the center of everything, consisting of the main town, but also farms and villages surrounding the polis.
A civilization’s architecture not only shows the artistic skills of its designers and builders but also the functionality of its engineers, the power of its government, and the inventiveness of its people. Architecture was a crucial element to the success of two major cites in Europe, Rome and Athens. Each city had structures consisting of formal architecture like temples and basilicas showing the influence that its leaders had over each city, while utilitarian buildings like bridges and aqueducts helped build communication between distant cities throughout each empire. Though architecture as a whole was an important role in unifying the cities, the architecture design within each illustrates the similarities and differences between two.
Architectural Orders are different styles, which are distinguished by the type of column used and also by the details and proportions. Architecture went hand in hand with sculpture and painting and also some of the sculptors, among them Michelangelo, later became excellent architects. One of the most important figures in renaissance and humanist architecture was Leonbattista Alberti, who was a great theorist, architect and humanist.
Second, the reason would have to be power. There is nothing quite as intimidating as walking into a building under massive Greek columns that often were set in such a way as to look far larger than they often were. It would also make a
The elaborate pediments, columns modelled after the classical orders, and the impressive monumentality of porticos and steps seen in Roman temple architecture are taken from their forerunners: the Greeks and the Etruscans. Unlike Greek temples, which tended to be rectangular, Roman temple plans have "little uniformity" since there were "too many models available" and "too many competing architects" . Roman temples had a wide variety of shapes and features: some annular like the Pantheon, some rectangular and pseudoperipteral like the Maison Carrée. Generally, however, Roman architects tended to favour height over length in their temples: high podia, such as that of the Temple of Portunus, were commonplace. Roman temples further differed from those of the Greeks in that rather than having a cella which was positioned in the centre of the plan of the temple, which was usually peripteral, the cella tended to be offset, with the portico to the front of the plan, and the cella to the back.