As many people know, the Parthenon is one of the most inspiring works of architecture known to mankind. The project of the extraordinary Acropolis was taken on by one of the most influential leaders of history, Pericles. Pericles influenced not only the building of one of the grandest works but the example of democracy displayed by the Greeks. The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure. The breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold.
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Greece first began constructions in 447 BCE — a temple of Doric order with Ionic features made in dedication to Greek goddess of war, Athena. Under the influence of Pericles and the assistance of over hundreds of people, the temple was completed in 432 BCE. With an appearance similar to that of a sculpture, dimensions akin to that of the Golden Ratio, and harmonious values in its shape — it was no wonder that the Parthenon embodied many 5th century Athenian values; to achieve arete, also known as perfection. It was known that the Greeks were obsessed with the concept of the Golden Ratio, also widely known as phi, and it was no surprise that the Parthenon followed said concept, due to Phidias, a Greek sculptor,
The finest Greek architecture was the Parthenon that was built as a tribute to Athena. Most often, Greek art depicts Greek myths. The early Greek art was statues called kouros. Kouros showed a natural human position. Other sculptures displayed human action,mainly athletics.
How is the building’s function (use) suited to the classical style? Greek architecture is known for its class and style, which, for the then dispensation was of a very high standard. Consequently, they have maintained a good reputation even to this present generation. According to this week’s reading, “The formulas they invented as early as sixth century B.C. have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia” (Hemmingway, 2017).
Option 2 (1) Upon first glance, there are several similarities between Roman and Greek architecture. Many think they are exactly alike as architecture from both empires share connections. One important note is that Greek architecture came into being prior to Roman civilization, meaning that the Romans were inspired by the Greeks. In terms of style, the Greeks tended to use the Doric and Iconic style in many of its temples while the Romans used the Corinthian style which was more ornate. The Parthenon in Athens is great example of Ancient Greece's Doric style, while the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the Romans Corinthian style.
The statue of Athena Parthenos is located inside the Parthenon in Athens, while the statue of Zeus was placed in the Temple of Zeus in Olympia. Both statues were from the Ancient Greek human advancement and they used to address the time of High Greek Classical model. Phidias moreover spelled as Pheidias was a Greek skilled worker, stone carver, architect, and painter, who lived in the fifth century BC, and was extensively implied as one of the best craftsmen of Classical Greece. Phidias sketched out and watched the statues of the goddess Athena on the Acropolis of Athens, and the statue of Zeus in Olympia rising from his hands. Phidias ' exceptional magnum opuses are strangely gone since they were pulverized toward the beginning of the Roman Empire, yet
Pericles was the mentor of this particular building project and the great magnificent statue of Athena was built with marble and gold by Phedias. Becoming one of the most important symbols of Athena is the Parthenon building which not only function as a religious temple in honor of Athena but also as a symbol of cultural wealth and designed to honor democracy (the people voted in favor of the construction). Hadingham (2008) states that “Several scholars have argued that the frieze shows a procession related to the quadrennial great Panathenaia or the festival “of all the Athenians” By incorporating this scene of civic celebration. The Parthenon served not merely as an imperial propaganda statement
Introduction: The Two Buildings; Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome are both classical heritage of the former world powers. Both buildings were temple built and dedicated to the gods of Athens and Romans. The excellent strength and the durability of these temples are unimaginable. Going by the length of time that these buildings have been in existence, one cannot but admires the brilliance of the ancient Greek and Roman architects for such excellent edifices that have outlived many generations, and yet remain a symbol of ancient Greek and Roman history. In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now.
Architecture has been of great importance to civilizations since ancient times. Western society has a lot of its basic principles that were inspired by the Greeks and the Romans. These two ancient societies built great structures that still stand today. During this discussion the Parthenon of Greece will compared to the Pantheon of Rome. The Pathernon is a temple that was built in ancient Greece in the 5th century in the city of Athens (Silverman ,n.d.).
Any god is worthy enough to be remembered through the temples, but only people of legend like former king of Athens, King Erechtheus, is worthy of such an honor to be kept together with the gods on this sacred site. There is only one exception to this value that Phidias, the main planner of the acropolis allowed. With the Parthenon, is the gigantic statue of the god Athena. Engraved onto her shield is Phidias's face, a detail that disgusted many who laid eyes upon it. This daring move gave Phidias the image that he is among the gods, he is above the rest of human race, and that he also should be honored in the way the gods are.
Two of the earliest styles in Greek architecture designs emerged during the Archaic period, the Doric and the Ionic order. Some of the most famous and well-preserved structures from this era are temples that built for the gods and have withstood the test of time.
“Greeks attributed almost all of the great achievements to Daedalus-master of all arts Daedalic style.” Also trade brought Greeks into direct contact with monumental stone architecture. Greeks began to visit Egypt regularly, and as they observed the stone buildings they realized the genesis of the Egyptians development of monumental architecture and sculpture. They decided to start with the replacement of wooden pillars with stone ones and the
Parthenon is a temple located on the Acropolis, a hill overlooking the city of Athens Greece. The Parthenon is considered to be the first-rate example of Doric-style construction. Doric is a construction style adorned by plainer columns. Built by Phidas, a well renowned sculptor, a Greek politician credited with the founding city of Athens, the Parthenon is considered as one of the most important surviving embodiment of classical Greece. This excellent harmonious
The architecture of the pantheon is very unique. The pillars are constructed in Doric order. For our essay report we all have been asked to find a question to research on (research question) my one is Why was the Parthenon built? The reason to choose this is because it is interesting to know why this was built, to whom it was built, why it was built on top of the Acropolises. 1st body paragraph What did the Architecture of the Parthenon have to do with Goddess Athena?
The Parthenon Greece book project The Parthenon was a n important appreciat ion to Athena as a Greek G od and a demonstrati on of wealth. “The Parthenon was dedicated to Athena,goddess of wisdom.The temple was constructed to house the new cult statue of the goddess by Pheidias and to proclaim to the world the success of Athens as leader of the coalition of Greek forces which had defeated the invading Persian armies of Darius and Xerxes.” (https://www.ancient.eu/parthenon/) ” The Athenian Wealth There evidence suggests that millions of coins made up the cash reserves of the city-state of Athens and much of this hoard was stored in the attic of the Parthenon.During the fifth century B.C,when the Parthenon was built,Athens was
It’s obvious that the beauty of a structure rely on the architecture unique design and output, in this essay, I will analyzed the ancient Parthenon of Greece and the Pantheon building of Rome. Furthermore, the reader will have the opportunity to explore the popularity of the classical architecture of the Greek that was later copied by the Roman Empire. The style and function use of the Parthenon That Befit the Culture of the Greek The Parthenon is a temple to the Greek goddess Athena that was built in 447 BC. This structure is a typical example of Greek architecture. Most of the temple’s design uses elements of the Doric order.
The Greeks saw beauty in the naked human body. Hemingway also states “Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general. The formulas they invented as early as the sixth century B.C. have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia.” (Hemingway.1) Without greek architecture other people would not have got some ideas of them. Art and architecture had an intense impact on the development of Greece and how it was made.
Take the picture to the left of the screen, it is from Greece. The Parthenon was built in the 5th century B.C. when the Athenian Empire used models as power in the empire. This particular building was dedicated to the Greek Goddess Athena. Here below is a better diagram that will provide clear representation of the golden ratio in the Parthenon.
Accordingly, the Erechtheion is an excellent example of classical architecture presented in Ancient Greece. It can be noted that the architecture helps to recognize the main principles of the country 's culture. The religion has also played a crucial role in the design. As an example, the mythological beliefs were presented in decorations, statues, and mosaics.Taking into account Ancient Greek buildings, it can be stated that the temples are incorporations of the fundamental principle of their society- perfection and reaching full potential. Another example is the Parthenon that is one of most exceptional examples of Greek architecture.