The Greeks were amazing builders but Romans could take the Greek influence and build even more with their knowledge and skills. As the Greeks the Romans built extravagant temples for the gods. The buildings are built with grandiose pillars. The exceptional use of the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders through Rome is the most noticeable examples from the Greeks. However, the Corinthian order was the most prevalent in Roman architecture.
In this essay I will discuss the Parthenon and the Pantheon. These are two of the most recognised buildings from Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. I will explain the style and Function of each building and how the differences in both cultures can be seen in these buildings. History
There were three main architectural styles in ancient Greece, they were the Doric, Ionic, and the Corinthian. We will examine the style and function of these two well known buildings, those being the Parthenon in Athens and the Parthenon in Rome. We will consider the similarities and differences of the culture and how that shows throughout the buildings architectural design The Parthenon of Athens was built under the watchful eye of statesman Perikles, in the year 447 BC.The ancient Greeks will very good craftsmen when designing these temples even back in their day. Many methods and formulas developed by the Greeks can still be seen in today 's architecture. The Parthenon in Athens is a remarkable site to see as the skeleton of the building still stands to this day.
The Greek civilization invented Art, Geometry, Olympics, Philosophy, and Democracy. The main physical categories of Greek art are sculpture, pottery, coin design and architecture. Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general. They invented Geometry which a topic under Mathematics. The formulas they invented in Mathematics were invented as early as the sixth century B.C. and it had influenced their architecture for the past two millennia.
Both featured columns and impressive stepped entry ways. Each featured statues and relief sculptures depicting well known myths about the gods and their affairs in the world of men. Both symbolized a right, by the endorsement of divine association with the capital cities, for these societies to advance their own ambitions and to conquer all within their reach. It is clear that the Parthenon in Greece and the Pantheon in Rome may have been the product of distinct societies, yet they both symbolized similar virtues within the people who commissioned, built, and utilized them. These two structures had much in common in not only function, but also in style.
The start of the period known as "Classical Greece" starts at around 800 B.C.E. and ends around 400 B.C.E. Classical Greece tells tales of Athens against Sparta, the Peloponnesian War. But that is only some of the events, as the achievements are a feat to behold. New branches of mathematics, such as geometry established new theorems, columns were prominently used in buildings of importance, and the first Olympics were first held to honor the gods and celebrate human achievement. The contributions of classical Greece are seen in Western civilization in the continuation of the Olympics, in the realistic depiction of subjects in various forms of art, in the development of medical ethics, in the architectural use of columns in the Western building
The Pantheon in its last version, was completed by Hadrian in 128 AD, one of his various rebuilding projects throughout Rome. It was attributed to Marcus Agrippina by Hadrian and originally built after the Battle of Actium. Its most prominent feature is a concrete dome that has an ocular opening on top which provides most of the inside lighting. Its outside facade is lined with Corinthian columns and has many more columns inside with accompanying arches (Wikipedia, 2016).
The Romans typically created their sculptures of historical occasions and real people so busts were extremely common. Although the Romans were extremely influenced by Greek art, there are still many differences between the two. Greek statues
I choose to compare and contrast the Greek Parthenon to the Roman Pantheon. First I would like to go into a little history of the who buildings. Starting with the Parthenon, built between 447 and 432 BCE dedicated to the deity Athena. “The acropolis itself measures some 300 by 150 metres and is 70 metres high at its maximum. The temple, which would sit on the highest part of the acropolis, was designed by the architects Iktinos and Kallikratis, and the project was overseen by the sculptor Pheidias.
The stories of the Gods are part of the Greek Mythology. Gods were very important, because people called them for help in particular situations. For example, Hera for weddings, Aphrodite for love and beauty, Asclepius for healing (he was the god of medicine), Ares during wars and Zeus for justice. People also looked for signs from their Gods, including predictions for what will happen in the future.
Ting Ting Chen Ms. Firdman Global Period 7 Metropolitan Museum of Art Extra Credit I visited the Greek and Roman Art gallery. The artifact I chose was a nearly complete bronze shield. The time period that my artifact belongs to is the Hellenistic age (more specifically, the first half of the third century BC). The Hellenistic period allowed for Greek culture, tradition, and language to disseminate beyond Greece and into the world. Alexander’s conquests opened the floodgates for the spread of Greek culture.
Guided Art Tour: Greek Influence on Roman Art Kritios Boy, Early Classical Period, c. 485-480 B.C.E, Parian Marble, 1.17 m, Athens, Greece. Expressing the beauty of the human body by means of sculpture had been an important concept for the ancient Greek culture; in which later would be of great importance to the ancient Romans, especially under the rule of Emperor Augustus. An example of a Greek sculpture that expresses much beauty and sophistication would be the Kritios boy, which exhibits the transition between the archaic period of Greek art to the realistic period of Greek art. It is believed that the defeat of the Persians after the battle of Marathon provided the confidence for the Greeks to pursue a realistic approach towards sculpture,
In many ways, Rome adopted its culture—art and architecture, literature, philosophy, music—from Greece. Rome architecture is greatly influenced by Greek architecture. Roman architects continued to follow the principle generated by the classical orders the Greeks had first shaped: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian but are altered. The Romans used these orders with greater freedom than the Greeks, often using elements from each order and combining them on a single structure. Roman buildings are also made with ashlar masonry, using cut stone blocks placed in horizontal courses like the Greek buildings.
Egyptian Art The Significance of the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt The tomb structures represent the great architectural designs of ancient Egypt. Interestingly, the development of the tomb structures dates back to the time of Predynastic Architecture (3100 BCE),when the Egyptian societies in both Lower and Upper Egypt followed different burial customs. This made the tomb buildings to varygreatly at the time.