In North Carolina many of us have been effected in some way by tornados, hurricanes, and maybe even an earthquake, but I would bet that none of us have been effected by the worse natural disaster the tsunami. Historically, tsunamis have been caused by a plethora of different events. Some of these are underwater earthquakes, volcanoes, and landslides. Many people might recognize earthquakes as a violent shake in the earth’s crust and this is true, but tsunamis can be more powerful causing a greater damage. Tsunamis happen when the plates on the crust of the earth move, therefore moving the entire plate so that the water rises and is pushed forward, therefore causing a tsunami (Drohan, 2009, p.21).
00Earthquakes occur almost daily due to the fact that Costa Rica lies between two tectonic plates: the Carribean plate and the Coicos plate. These two plates push and shove each other causing small tremors throughout which can cause landslides,volcanic eruptions and once in a couple years, quakes with devastating results. The strongest earthquake recorded occurred in 1991 with a measure of 7.6 on the Richter scale. This earthquake left 4 dead and buildings as well as bridges and road were completely destroyed. If another Earthquake occurs, the coastal cities would be the most affected ones as they are closer to the plates.
SF Tourism Tips says, “The San Francisco 1906 Earthquake was one of the largest and most significant in Northern California. This is typically referred to as the Great San Francisco Earthquake.” The earthquake of 1906 was one of the biggest earthquakes in California history. It was measured at a magnitude of 7.8. That is a big earthquake. In the two eyewitness accounts “Comprehending the Calamity” by Emma Burke, and “Horrific wreck of
Although the city faces regular avalanches and the possibility of landslides the town’s major hazard is earthquakes. Earthquakes are the biggest threat to Juneau. The city has a history of very violent earthquakes. The earthquakes in Juneau are caused by crustal stress accumulated by the North American and Pacific plates. The city also experiences activity from the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather fault system.
“This quake was so big”(Los Angeles Times 2). “The most important conclusion is not to panic”(Scientific American 2). In July 1958, Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by three Geo processes. These were a massive earthquake, a harrowing rockslide, and a devastating tsunami. In 1980, Mt.
It was assigned a magnitude of 9.5 by the United States Geological Survey. It is referred to as the “Great Chilean Earthquake” and the “1960 Valdivia Earthquake.” Other earthquakes in recorded history may have been larger;however, this is the largest earthquake that has occurred since accurate estimates of magnitude became possible in the early 1900’s (“The Great Chilean Earthquake”). Earthquakes are very dangerous, and if you live in an earthquake bound area, you always need to be prepared for destruction. The San Andreas is 800 miles long and a myth about it is that one day half of California will break off into the ocean, some believe it, others
However, peculiarities of the lithosphere of the city can scare the newcomer. The city of San Francisco is in a high seismic activity zone, as very close are faults the San - Andreas (along the San Francisco Peninsula) and Hayward (on the eastern side of the bay). Small tremors come here often enough, but twice throughout its history (1906 and 1989) the city suffered the earthquake damage. The territory of San Francisco is a difficult terrain, as it has about fifty hills. The highest is Mount Davidson (283 meters above sea
In 1906, an earthquake hit San Francisco, California. More than 3,000 people died. The earthquake that hit San Francisco was one of the largest earthquakes in northern California. It struck the coast of Northern California. "Horrific Wreck of the City" by Fred Hewitt and “Comprehending the Calamity:” by Emma Burke are both about the same thing but the two authors opinion on how this disaster affected people are completely different.
In Western Canada, Oregon California and Hawaiian Island a Pacific-wide tsunami was produced which was destructive in. The death rate from the earthquake was about 128 people. Most of the deaths were in Alaska 115, Oregon had 15 and Washington were caused by quake-generated tsunamis. The human toll could have been much larger. However, the low population in the immediate area of the quake (and Alaska’s relatively low population density in general) as well as the fact that the earthquake occurred on a holiday limited the loss of life from the event.
The most famous transform boundary is the San Andreas Fault, located in the western United States. Because of the transform boundary along the San Andreas Fault, Los Angeles moves 6 cm a year in the direction of Los Angeles, which means that in around 10 million years they will be side by side. Furthermore the sliding motion of transform boundaries can cause a lot of earthquakes, such as the 1906 earthquake along the San Andreas Fault, which hit San Francisco, killing more than 600 people and destroyed a significant part of the city. To conclude this essay, the importance of the tectonic plate theory. Thorough knowledge and understanding of the tectonic plates allow us to better understand how life on Earth developed, and how it was influenced by geographical factors.
If fracking is capable of causing temblors as powerful as a 5.7-magnitude, it may be capable of inducing other massive earthquakes in the future. Tremblors with a higher magnitude could cause extensive damage to affected areas, such as what happened to Oklahoma (“Oklahoma’s Largest Quake in Decades Buckles Highway; Rattles Residents,” CNN). Furthermore, areas that are usually not affected by seismic activity are becoming prone to temblors. It may be a possibility that these areas could see a bigger earthquake in the near future too.
After a tsunami, a large wall of water follows behind it and takes many objects with it back to the ocean. What damage did the Boxing Day tsunami cause? The Boxing Day tsunami destroyed parts of Indonesia, Shri Lanka, India, Thailand, Maldives, and Somalia killing about 230,000 people. It happened in 2004 on Dec. 26. The approximated cost to fix the