Latinos constitute one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States. This growth has led Latinos to become one of the “largest” racial/ ethnic groups in American Higher Education: 55 million strong, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2014. Yet, they are one of the least educated and the least represented ethnic groups in educational institutions. However, they are the least studied and represented ethnic groups in educational institutions. The Latino representation in educational institutions are lower compared to other ethnic minorities.
Written and published in 2008 by Paul Gootenberg, History professor and Latin American studies at University of New York at Stony Brook, “Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global drug” retraces the pivotal stages of the illicit cocaine trafficking, starting from the boundless coca fields in Latin America to the chemistry laboratories in Europe up until the streets of U.S. cities. The aim of this book review is to provide the reader with a short but detailed insight of what is the main content of the book, by paying particular attention to its structure, objectivity and style.
Many started to work in the construction industry and occupy professions in service, maintenance, food preparation and serving or ground cleaning. In general, the occupations in which Hispanics are concentrated are low in wages and with low educational requirements while the representation of whites in professional occupations is growing. Hispanic workers lack representation in professional occupations. This leads to an increasing gap between both groups in the occupational status. On another hand, both white and Asian workers are more than twice as likely as Latino workers to be found in professional occupations. When going into detail, we can find out that Mexicans and Puerto Ricans lag the furthest in comparison to the status of whites. And of the three largest components of the Hispanic community that are Mexicans, Cubans and Puerto Ricans, Cubans and whites are comparable in occupational status. Mexicans and Puerto Ricans are more likely than average to be found in construction and production occupations. Overall, the occupational distribution of Latinos resembles the profile of Black workers most closely with similar proportions to be found in professional, service, sales, and production occupations. Today Hispanics and Whites perform different types of work in the labor market, but always keeping a gap between them. However, simultaneously, the number of Hispanic-owned businesses is
Some teachers of low-income and minority students have not received their graduate degree, are uncertified, or are assigned to courses they are not been formally prepared to teach. “26 percent of Latino eighth-graders had math teachers who lacked certification and at least a minor in math, compared to 17 percent of white students”(Challenges 2). This fact provides insight into Latino students because they were assigned teachers who weren’t fully qualified to teach them, in comparison the white students rarely had teachers who weren’t fully trained to teach. This fact helps us understand the opportunity gap because it displays how Latino students are given different educational chances; compared to white pupils towards the quality and type of resources each student receives.
Schools must hire staff that reflect the cultural diversity of their students. Many Latino ELL students feel more comfortable opening up to other Latino students and to bicultural staff. Teachers must remember that their Latino students may come from different socioeconomic backgrounds and not assume that all Latino students are poor or deprived. Many students’ families may have been economically poor in their home countries, but other families were middle class or elites forced to emigrate due to circumstances in their home countries.
Mexico has a weak judicial and police institution and a large economy with consumers. Mexico the hub of one of the world's most sophisticated drug networks. For decades, drug trafficking organizations used Mexico's entrenched political system to create a system-wide network of corruption that ensured distribution rights, market access, and even official government protection for drug traffickers. Officers could make an exchange for money to be able to let people pass by with the drugs or trafficking that they are participating in. This is a reason why the drug distribution is so big in Mexico. Harper
According to a Pew Research Center survey “among Hispanics ages 25 to 29, just 15% of Hispanics had a bachelor’s degree in 2013” (Krogstad). This is worrying; it is great to analyze the lack of Hispanics higher education in the United States and the State of Kansas something that one cares about by using statistics and information about the racial gap in educational attainment that explains the lower rates in Hispanics. Hispanics lowest rates of college degree attainment are a result of immigration growth, parental lower incomes, family socioeconomic status, family cultural background, and poor parental involvement.
Within the past one and a half centuries, ever since the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, it allowed the United States to take a large portion of land. Since then, many Mexicans have been trying to emigrate themselves over to America, leaving behind their homelands. Mexican immigration in the early 1900 's was a huge issue that impacted the United State, in areas such as urban population, employment and many other ways. The mass number of
For my research paper, I plan to discuss the driving factors that attract Mexican immigrants to Los Angeles. Specifically, I want to argue that Mexican immigrants are the backbone of the industrial sector of Los Angeles. Their presence has transformed the city of Los Angeles and has helped the city economically. In my research, I want to look at the neighborhood of Vernon. Vernon itself is a very industrial area with massive companies and factories located there. I became interested in this topic because both my parents came from Mexico to Los Angeles in 1975. They both wanted to have better economic opportunities in the US and wanted to achieve the “American Dream.” As my father and mother both settled in Los Angeles, both acquired jobs working
In the late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century, a lot of immigrants left their home base to come to the United States for countless of reasons. One arrangement of settlers was the English foreigners, who were inspired by the stories of the United States and the ideals of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” (English Immigration to America, n.d.). The English wanted to be brought from poverty into a place of abundance. Another group of settlers was the Chinese immigrants. They arrived in the United States because of opportunities on the California Gold Rush, the construction of the transcontinental, and abundant agriculture jobs (Wandrei, n.d.). Also, a different group of foreigners arrived from Germany. Germans came to
Hispanics, initial drawbacks frequently come from their parents ' immigrant and economic position and their sparse knowledge regarding the United States education system. While Hispanic students navigate through the school system, insufficient resources in schools and their awkward rapport with teachers continues to weaken their academic achievement. Initial drawbacks continue to mount up, causing the Hispanic population in having the least high school and college degree accomplishment, which is counterproductive of having a possibility for stable employment. According to Portman & Awe (2009) school counselors and comprehensive school counseling programs are anticipated to play a dynamic role in addressing the discrepancy between diverse
In the late 1900’s, many immigrants moved from around the world to seek a better life in the United States. Nowadays, though many Hispanics move here for many reasons. They like the US but, also for better jobs and pay for their family. Sometimes, we have to overcome challenges. In the US many Hispanics face many challenges but, soon most of them learn to overcome them and live a great life in America.
According to a Pew Research Center survey “among Hispanics ages 25 to 29, just 15% of Hispanics had a bachelor’s degree in 2013” (Krogstad). It is great to analyze the lack of Hispanics higher education in the United States and in the State of Kansas something that one cares about by using statistics and information about the racial gap in completion of a degree that explains the lower rates in Hispanics. Hispanics lower incomes contribute to the Hispanics lowest rates of a college degree completion in the State of Kansas.
The immigration from Latin America and the attendant growth of the nations Hispanic population are two of the most important and controversial development in the recent history of the United States. Latinos are destined to continue to exert enormous impact on social, cultural, political, and economic life of the U.S. there are many different pull and push factors that push migrants away from Mexico and pull them into the United States. The first significant influx of Latino immigrants to the U.S. occurred during the California gold rush, or just most of modern boundary between the U.S. and Mexico.
The legal definition of drug trafficking generally refers to the cultivation, manufacture, sale and distribution of illicit narcotic substances. With the augmenting rate of drug addiction, drug trafficking has become a greater complication for numerous nations including Spain.